Predicting Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy Response by Using a Combined MRI and Scinti-Mammography (MRI-SMM) System

University of California Irvine (UCI) logo

University of California Irvine (UCI)

Status

Completed

Conditions

Breast Cancer

Treatments

Device: MR-compatible scinti-mammography (MRI-SMM) system

Study type

Observational

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT02690805
UCI HS# 2015-1866

Details and patient eligibility

About

The purpose of this research study is to investigate the accuracy of a breast imaging system that measures the uptake of the injected radioactive tracer by gamma-ray imaging, known as scinti-mammography (SMM), to diagnose the residual breast cancer after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) treatment by comparing to MRI.

Full description

The optimal goal of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) for breast cancer is to achieve pathologic complete response (pCR) with the least toxicity. As more effective therapies become available, one challenge is how to evaluate the response of tumor in a timely manner, so an optimal regimen can be given to the patient. Reliable imaging methods that can monitor and predict NAC response are needed. MRI is known as the most accurate imaging modality to evaluate the response to NAC based on tumor shrinkage, but so far there is no reliable parameter that can be measured at early times after the administration of drugs to predict the final treatment outcome. Furthermore, some patients may have contradiction to receive MRI, or cannot tolerate the long scan time in a prone position. Other imaging modalities that can measure early functional (particularly metabolic) changes are being investigated, and have shown some success. In this study investigators will assess the role of an MR-compatible scinti-mammography (MRI-SMM) system for monitoring and predicting NAC response. A total of 75 breast cancer patients receiving NAC will be enrolled, and each subject will receive 3 imaging studies before, during, and after completing NAC. The aims are: 1) to compare the tumor size measured by SMM and MRI at different times; 2) to evaluate the respective diagnostic accuracy of the post-NAC residual disease measured by SMM and MRI by comparing to pathological examination results as the gold standard; 3) to investigate the respective and combined ability of MRI and SMM, based on pre-treatment and early changes in the first follow-up imaging, for predicting pathologic complete response (pCR). The diagnostic results obtained using MRI and SMM from tumors of varying stages at different times during NAC will provide important information for establishing the role of a standalone SMM system, as well as the combined MRI-SMM system, for management of breast cancer patients.

Enrollment

16 patients

Sex

Female

Ages

21+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  1. A female older than 21 years of age,
  2. Have biopsy-proven breast cancer and decided to receive neoadjuvant chemotherapy.
  3. Are in good health (other than having breast cancer) and can lie still in a prone position for 45 minutes inside MRI scanner.

Exclusion criteria

  1. Pregnant,
  2. Unwilling to give informed consent,
  3. Have implanted prosthetic heart valves, pacemaker, neuro-stimulation devices, surgical clips (hemostatic clips) or other metallic implants,
  4. Have engaged in occupations or activities which may cause accidental lodging of ferromagnetic materials (e.g. iron), or have imbedded metal fragments from military activities,
  5. Have received orthodontic work involving ferromagnetic materials,
  6. Claustrophobic (i.e. feeling very anxious in a confined small space),
  7. Have had allergic response to contrast agents (such as iodine or gadolinium) previously,
  8. Have known history of kidney diseases.

Trial design

16 participants in 1 patient group

Breast cancer patients receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy
Description:
One arm: Combined MRI-SMM Imaging
Treatment:
Device: MR-compatible scinti-mammography (MRI-SMM) system

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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