PRedictive Factors and Changes From Treatment in iPCV Versus CSR Versus nAMD With afLibercept (PRaCTICAL)

S

Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre

Status and phase

Unknown
Phase 4

Conditions

Age Related Macular Degeneration
Central Serous Chorioretinopathy
Idiopathic Poplypoidal Choroidal Vasculopathy

Treatments

Drug: aflibercept

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT02681783
PRaCTICAL 100-17

Details and patient eligibility

About

The presence of PEDs in nAMD, CSR and iPCV can present a diagnostic challenge in the elderly population; despite detailed diagnostic testing to differentiate these three conditions, misdiagnosis and mistreatment still occurs. One potential way of differentiating these three conditions might be to compare cytokine profiles in nAMD versus CSR versus iPCV. This information may be useful in creating a diagnostic aqueous cytokine and hormone profile to differentiate between nAMD, CSR and iPCV. The primary goal of this study is to compare baseline aqueous cytokine and cortisol levels between nAMD, CSR, and iPCV patients and age-matched cataract controls. The secondary objective is to assess intra-group changes in visual and anatomical outcomes in nAMD, CSR and iPCV patients with PED treated with aflibercept and correlate these changes to baseline cytokines.

Full description

The presence of Pigment Epithelial Detachments (PEDs) in neovascular Age-related Macular Degeneration (nAMD), Central serous chorioretinopathy (CSR) and idiopathic Poplypoidal Choroidal Vasculopathy (iPCV) can present a diagnostic challenge in the elderly population; despite detailed diagnostic testing to differentiate these three conditions, misdiagnosis and mistreatment still occurs. One potential way of differentiating these three conditions might be to compare cytokine profiles in nAMD versus CSR versus iPCV. In nAMD, growth factors and cytokines, such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), pigment epithelium derived factor (PEDF), interleukin 6 (IL-6) and placenta growth factor (PLGF) are known to play an important role in the development of CNV angiogenesis. Aqueous samples from CSR eyes have been analyzed for various growth factors and cytokines, where levels of interlukin (IL)-6, IL-8 and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 do not differ from healthy controls, and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) levels appear to be lower than controls. In addition, there is evidence to demonstrate that CSR is associated with elevated cortisol serum levels. Cortisol has been analyzed in the aqueous humor of glaucoma and cataract patients; however, the presence of cortisol in aqueous humor in CSR patients has not yet been identified. One study comparing iPCV versus controls found elevated levels of IL-23. Cytokines have also been compared between nAMD and iPCV showing elevated levels of CRP and IL-10 in eyes with iPCV or nAMD. However, there have not been any studies yet comparing aqueous cytokine levels, including PLGF between iPCV, CSR, and nAMD patients. This information may be useful in creating a diagnostic aqueous cytokine and hormone profile to differentiate between nAMD, CSR and iPCV. If left untreated, PEDs associated with nAMD, CSR, and iPCV may lead to the loss of central vision. We propose to compare the effectiveness of aflibercept in the treatment of PEDs associated with nAMD, CSR and iPCV. The primary goal of this study is to compare baseline aqueous cytokine and cortisol levels between nAMD, CSR, and iPCV participants and age-matched cataract controls. We will not be looking at changes in cytokine levels after treatment. The secondary objective is to assess intra-group changes in visual and anatomical outcomes in nAMD, CSR and iPCV participants with PED treated with aflibercept and correlate these changes to baseline cytokines.

Enrollment

90 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Inclusion criteria for all study eye groups:

  1. 18 years of age or older
  2. Ability to provide signed informed consent
  3. Capable of complying with study protocol and required diagnostic tests
  4. Meets study eye criteria for each respective group (see Section 5 above)
  5. Participants in the nAMD, CSR, and iPCV groups must use an acceptable method of birth control during this study and for 6 months following completion of the study. The participants in the control group will not be receiving IP and are not required to meet this inclusion criterion.

Exclusion criteria for all study eye groups:

  1. Previous intraocular injections including anti-VEGF therapy or steroid medication, or macular laser for all groups
  2. Any co-existing maculopathy or retinopathy in the study eye
  3. Participants with a history of either type I or type II diabetes
  4. Intraocular surgery in the study eye within the past 4 months
  5. Currently on systemic steroid therapy in any form (drops, skin creams, inhalation/intranasal sprays, intravenous) or immunosuppression for the last 3 months
  6. Participants on renal dialysis
  7. Pregnant and nursing mothers
  8. Participants who are hypersensitive to this drug, to any ingredient in the formulation, or to any component of the container.
  9. Ocular or periocular infection
  10. Active intraocular inflammation

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Non-Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

90 participants in 4 patient groups

neovascular AMD group with PED
Active Comparator group
Description:
Patients in this group will be administered aflibercept intravitreal injection 2 mg (0.05 mL), administered at baseline, month 1, and month 2, for a total of 3 injections. Study will end for these patients at month 4, where no injection will be given. A clinical exam and OCT imaging will be performed each visit.
Treatment:
Drug: aflibercept
CSR group with PED
Experimental group
Description:
Patients in this group will be administered aflibercept intravitreal injection 2 mg (0.05 mL), administered at baseline, month 1, and month 2, for a total of 3 injections. Study will end for these patients at month 4, where no injection will be given. A clinical exam and OCT imaging will be performed each visit.
Treatment:
Drug: aflibercept
iPCV group with PED
Experimental group
Description:
Patients in this group will be administered aflibercept intravitreal injection 2 mg (0.05 mL), administered at baseline, month 1, and month 2, for a total of 3 injections. Study will end for these patients at month 4, where no injection will be given. A clinical exam and OCT imaging will be performed each visit.
Treatment:
Drug: aflibercept
cataract patients
No Intervention group
Description:
Patients diagnosed with cataracts requiring cataract surgery will serve as study controls. No intervention will be applied to these patients.

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Central trial contact

Cindy Rutz; Radha P. Kohly, MD PhD FRCSC

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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