Predictive MRI Metrics for Tumor Aggressiveness in Papillary Thyroid Cancer

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSK) logo

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSK)

Status

Completed

Conditions

Papillary Thyroid Cancer

Treatments

Procedure: diffusion weighted (DW) MRI
Procedure: dynamic contrast agent (DCE) MRI

Study type

Observational

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT02178345
14-126

Details and patient eligibility

About

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a diagnostic technique that takes pictures of organs of the body. It uses magnetic fields and radio waves that cannot be felt. Perfusion MRI uses faster imaging. It also includes a contrast material that is given by vein. This makes specific organs, blood vessels, or tumors easier to see. Diffusion MRI lets us measure the motion of water in the tumor. Perfusion and diffusion MRI give extra information which is not available with the regular MRI. A regular MRI only shows pictures of the tumor. Thyroid MRI scans are not part of the current standard of care. The purpose of this study is to see if new MRI methods can give us more information about the tumor.

Full description

The aim of this pilot study clinical trial is to provide MRI biomarkers as quantitative (surrogate) biomarkers of aggressiveness in papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) including PMCs and to lay out the scientific basis for their translation into patient management. In this study we will perform specially designed diffusion weighted MRI (DW-MRI) and dynamic contrast agent MRI (DCE-MRI) protocols in the PTC patients. DW-MRI allows for quantifying water diffusion which has been shown to be related to tumor cellularity (29). Particularly, appropriate modeling with DW-MRI data acquired at multiple b values will enable quantifying tumor cellularity and vascularity simultaneously (30-32). DCE-MRI with proper compartmental modeling will yield metrics related to tumor-vessel permeability, tumor perfusion, and extracellular-extravascular volume fraction (33, 34). These facts provide the potential of DW-MRI and DCE-MRI metrics as quantitative imaging biomarkers of tumor aggressiveness in PTCs. The DW-MRI and DCE-MRI may ultimately help in personalized management approach, in which imaging biomarkers may be used to recommend either immediate surgery or active surveillance for PTC patients.

Enrollment

123 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

Biopsy proven Papillary Thyroid Cancer (regardless of genotype and including all subtypes such as follicular or mixed papillary follicular) or suspicious for Thyroid Cancer Thyroidectomy or lobectomy planned as definitive treatment for Thyroid Cancer or patients on active surveillance management approach Age ≥18 years

Exclusion criteria

Patient would require anesthesia for the study Patients who are claustrophobic Patients with tumor size greater than 5 cm in diameter as measured at imaging (ultrasonography or MRI) before treatment Patients who have presence of a known contraindication to MRI Pacemaker Aneurysmal clips Metal implants in field of view Pregnant Age and mental status wherein he/she is unable to cooperate for MRI study Patients who have presence of a known contraindication to DCE-MRI may not participate in that portion of the study Known reaction to Gd-DTPA, contrast agent Chronic kidney disease nursing women

Trial design

123 participants in 2 patient groups

Surgical patients
Description:
The patients will undergo DW-MRI and (if patient is eligible and agrees) DCE-MRI study prior to surgery. The maximum time interval allowed between the MRI study and surgery will be six months.
Treatment:
Procedure: dynamic contrast agent (DCE) MRI
Procedure: diffusion weighted (DW) MRI
surveillance management patients
Description:
The patients will undergo DW-MRI and (if patient is eligible and agrees) DCE-MRI study while being on active surveillance.These patients can also receive the same DW and DCE MRI as a followup a year after the first.
Treatment:
Procedure: dynamic contrast agent (DCE) MRI
Procedure: diffusion weighted (DW) MRI

Trial documents
1

Trial contacts and locations

1

Loading...

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

Clinical trials

Find clinical trialsTrials by location
© Copyright 2024 Veeva Systems