Predictors of Treatment Failure Pain Among Patients Gunshot Wounds (PTFPAPGW)


Bogomolets National Medical University




Chronic Pain


Other: visual analog scale (VAS).

Study type


Funder types



№158, 23.05.2022

Details and patient eligibility


In patients with gunshot wounds during hostilities in Ukraine, 76.9% have negative results of pain treatment, which leads to its chronicity. Identifying predictors of negative pain outcomes in these patients may improve their treatment outcomes.

Full description

One of the strongest factors that has a psychological impact on a person is war and conditions in which injury occurs, conditions in which pain occurs. A gunshot wound received during the war in the conditions of hostilities becomes the reason for the indisputable association of pain sensations with the events in which the patient was injured. It is pain and memories, memories and pain that cause the development of states with self-destructive behavior. According to statistics, gunshot wounds account for 54-70%. Gunshot wounds to the chest during anti-terrorist operations/OOS make up 7.4-11.7%, shrapnel wounds prevail here - 72.2%, explosive wounds - 17.5%, bullet wounds - 10.3%, and lethality - 12.2 -25%. According to the data of the Command of the Medical Forces of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, in the structure of gunshot injuries, 64% are injuries to the limbs: of them, 74.8% are soft tissues, 25.2% are gunshot fractures, bone defects are noted in 11.6% of patients, and wounded. The study of predictors of negative results of pain treatment in patients with gunshot wounds requires in-depth study, because the subjective feelings and emotional experiences experienced by patients during the wounding in combat conditions have their own characteristics. Since in 76.9% of cases it is not possible to achieve a positive result of treatment, the data of our study will play an important role in their treatment.


2,215 patients




No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

presence of gunshot wounds during hostilities, male gender

Exclusion criteria

absence of gunshot wounds during hostilities, other sex

Trial design

2,215 participants in 2 patient groups

retrospective analysis
A retrospective analysis of disease histories for the period from 2014 to 2021 was carried out. Data collection was carried out at all stages of treatment: medical and nursing brigade, military mobile hospital, military medical clinical center, during rehabilitation, within 12 months of the injury. The basic tool for pain intensity research was the VAS. The study of the neuropathic component of pain was carried out using the DN4. Study of the presence of an acute stress reaction - anamnesis + HADS. The diagnosis of ASR was established by a psychiatrist upon admission to the military mobile hospital. The presence of post-traumatic stress disorders (PTSD) was investigated using the Mississippi scale of post-traumatic stress disorders (military version). The presence of PTSD according to the MS PTSD (c). Satisfaction with treatment results was studied using the Chaban Quality of Life Scale.
Other: visual analog scale (VAS).
prospective study
Recruitment of patients for the prospective study was carried out in the period from 02.24.2022 to 05.24.2022. Data collection was carried out during the Russian invasion of Ukraine and the offensive on Kyiv. All patients who took part in the study with gunshot wounds were evacuated to the stage of treatment - the National Military Medical Clinical Center "Main Military Clinical Hospital". The research was conducted using the same methods as during the retrospective analysis. The exception is the study period during treatment at the military medical clinical center: here it was 14 days. In all patients with gunshot wounds, the outcome and effectiveness of pain management were assessed using the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and the Diagnostic Questionnaire for the Detection of the Neuropathic Pain Component Didier Bouhassiraa, Nadine Attala et al. Pain, 2005, 114: 29-36 (DN4).
Other: visual analog scale (VAS).

Trial contacts and locations



Data sourced from

Clinical trials

Find clinical trialsTrials by location


© Copyright 2024 Veeva Systems