PREMs In Vascular SurgERy Enhancement Study (PREMIERE)


Cardiff and Vale University Health Board


Begins enrollment this month


Patient Satisfaction
Patient Empowerment
Patient Engagement
Vascular Diseases

Study type


Funder types



343073 (Other Identifier)

Details and patient eligibility


THE PROBLEM: Patient Reported Experience Measures (PREMs) ask patients about their healthcare service experience. It gives them a voice to share their views. PREMs allow healthcare providers (HCPs) to see where care is good, and where they could improve. Vascular surgery is a surgical speciality looking after people's blood vessels (arteries and veins). There is no PREM available for vascular patients. The research team want to create a PREM for this patient group. WHY IT IS IMPORTANT: A PREM allows HCPs to record and understand patients' experiences of their treatment. It gives patients a way to provide feedback on their healthcare experience. PREMs can help HCPs make changes to patients' care, identifying areas of good practice and areas for improvement. The Welsh Government is keen to support the use of PREMs. AIMS: To develop a PREM specific to vascular surgery patients. RESEARCH PLAN: The research team will summarise the literature about PREMs in surgery. The research team will then run focus groups and interviews with patients and staff to create a 'draft' PREM for vascular patients in Wales. The 'draft' PREM will be translated into Welsh. In the second phase, a larger number of vascular patients (100-300 depending on how long the 'draft' PREM is) from hospitals across Wales will complete the questionnaire. Statistical tests will look at the results to see if the questionnaire works well to capture patients' experiences. Based on these results, small changes will be made to make the 'draft' PREM better. This will make sure the 'final PREM' is ready for widespread use in Wales and beyond. PATIENT AND PUBLIC INVOLVEMENT: The patients' experience team at CAVUHB has reviewed our patients' materials. Our research team includes PPI co-applicants (DC and AH). DC a double amputee who has had many vascular operations. DC has experience raising awareness about vascular disease through public forums like the Limbless Association Charity and BBC Radio Wales. AH has issues with her leg due to smoking and had a keyhole operation to help with that. She had some problems after the procedure This is her first time as a PPI representative. DC and AH supported our research design and will be steering group members. Also, our research focuses on giving patients a voice and will include patients across Wales. A diverse group of patients will be involved across all stages of the PREM development.

Full description

Background: PREMs have emerged as instruments designed to capture patients' experiences of their healthcare journey. No PREMs have been developed or validated to be used among vascular surgery patients specifically. Objectives: To develop and validate a PREM specific to vascular surgery, assessing the patient's experience and satisfaction with their care and treatment. Study design and methods: Patient Reported Experience Measures In Vascular Surgery Enhancement Study (PREMIERE) is a multi-site sequential mixed-methods cohort design, incorporating qualitative and quantitative approaches in two phases. The first phase will focus on developing a draft PREM for vascular surgery patients, while the second phase will aim to validate the draft PREM to create a 'final PREM'. Patient inclusion criteria are: (i) age ≥18 ; (ii) have undergone a vascular procedure (iii) experienced an inpatient vascular care within the previous 3 months; (iv) not cognitively impaired; (v) willing and able to provide written consent for participation; (vi) able to communicate in English or Welsh. Statistical analysis: For the qualitative phase, inductive thematic analysis will be carried out using the non-numerical data analysis for Windows software NVivo . For quantitative data, psychometric tests such as item analysis, internal consistency, construct validity, and principal component analysis with varimax rotation will be used to extract factors. Quantitative data will be analysed using IBM SPSS Statistics (Version 27) software. Anticipated impact: PREMIERE will contribute to the development of a robust and context-specific PREM for vascular patients. This PREM will provide a valuable tool for assessing and improving the in-patient vascular surgery pathway, including pre-operative, peri-operative, and post-operative phases. Also, the utilization of a robust vascular PREM presents a transformative opportunity to benchmark and enhance the performance of vascular units.


330 estimated patients




18+ years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Patients who have recently (within the last three months) undergone a vascular procedure or intervention under the care of a vascular surgery team in the inpatient setting.
  • Adults aged 18 years or older
  • Not cognitively impaired (as determined by medical reports and/or self-reporting).
  • Willing and able to provide written consent for participation.
  • Able to speak, read and write English or Welsh

Exclusion criteria

  • Patients who lack capacity or suffer from cognitive impairment.
  • Patients who are unable to speak, read and write English or Welsh.

Trial contacts and locations



Central trial contact

Maram Darwish, MD; Rachel Norman

Data sourced from

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