Pressure Ulcer Prevention in Ventilated Patients Using Two Repositioning Regimens (PUPPAS)

U

University Hospital Virgen de las Nieves

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 3

Conditions

Pressure Ulcers

Treatments

Other: repositioning

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT00847665
HVN-2308-2008

Details and patient eligibility

About

The purpose of this study is to compare a 2-hour versus every 4-hour turning regimen on the incidence of grade > II pressure ulcers (PU) in patients in ICU on mechanical ventilation ≥ 24h that use alternating-pressure air mattresses (APAMs).

Full description

Pressure ulcers (PUs) pose a major healthcare challenge and are associated with an increased risk of infection and sepsis, longer hospital stay, and higher hospitalization costs. Their reported incidence in critical care patients varies widely from 1% to 56%. Therefore it is important to take appropriate preventive measures, which can often be successful and less costly than the treatment of established ulcers. Among these measures are the use of pressure-reducing surfaces and repositioning strategies in a protocolized way. Though there is general agreement that critical care patients, including those under mechanical ventilation must use pressure-reducing surfaces, there is no enough evidence in the literature about what is the best repositioning schedule when new, high technology mattresses are used. The use of this new technology has lead to propose that repositioning can be less frequent. In the only clinical trial where this subject (time interval turning) has been addressed (Vanderwee et al, Journal of Advanced Nursing), it is concluded that a turning regimen every 4 hours is equally effective than a 2-hour turning, using this kind of mattresses. Nonetheless this study is not made in critically ill patients, that have more risk factors for developing PUs, the reason we don´t share this findings and recommendations cannot be generalized. The study hypothesis is that in patients using APAMs, a turning regimen every 2 hour compared to a 4-hour is most effective in the prevention of PUs and could be equally safe. The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of postural turnings every 2 hours compared to every 4 hours on the incidence of grade > II pressure ulcers (PU) in patients in ICU on mechanical ventilation (MV) ≥ 24h that use alternating-pressure air mattresses (APAMs) The study is an open label, randomized, controlled clinical trial. The main variable is the incidence of Pus grade ≥ II. As secondary variables measures of efficacy and safety of patients will be registered. The study will take place in a 26 bed medical-surgical ICU with APAMs. Randomization will be done between 24h-48h from the beginning of MV. The final analysis will be by intention to treat.

Enrollment

330 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Patients admitted to the medical-surgical ICU, requiring more than 24 hours of mechanical ventilation.
  • Patients on alternating-pressure air mattresses.
  • Patients or their legal representative able to provide written informed consent to participate in the study
  • Patients whose weight are within the limits accepted by the mattresses (45-140 Kg)
  • Over 18 years

Exclusion criteria

  • Patients with pressure ulcer at ICU admission.
  • Pregnant patients
  • Patients in which informed consent is not obtained in the first 48 hours of mechanical ventilation

Trial design

Primary purpose

Prevention

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

330 participants in 2 patient groups

Turning every 4 hours
Active Comparator group
Description:
The four-hours repositioning group patients were turned every four hours following the next sequence: left side, back with a 30º elevation of the head end and the foot end of the bed, right side using the 30º tilt, back.
Treatment:
Other: repositioning
Turning every 2 hours
Experimental group
Description:
The two-hours repositioning group patients, were turned every two hours following the next sequence: left side, back with a 30º elevation of the head end and the foot end of the bed, right side using the 30º tilt, back.
Treatment:
Other: repositioning

Trial contacts and locations

0

Loading...

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

Clinical trials

Find clinical trialsTrials by location

Resources

© Copyright 2024 Veeva Systems