Prevalence and Causes of Preventable and Serious Adverse Drug Reactions Related to the Use of Oral Anticoagulants (ADR-OAC)

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Cliniques universitaires Saint-Luc- Université Catholique de Louvain

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 4

Conditions

Hemorrhage
Embolism and Thrombosis

Treatments

Biological: Blood samples for DOAC measurement

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT02720328
v6

Details and patient eligibility

About

The purpose of this study is to investigate the preventability of serious adverse drug reactions (ADRs) related to the use of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs). The investigators also aim at identifying the underlying causes of these preventable ADRs. The endpoint measurements will be compared with a group of patients taking vitamin-K antagonists (VKAs). For this purpose, a protocol for a prospective observational study was developed. The study was approved by the Ethics Committee of the CHU UCL Namur (site Godinne) and the Cliniques Universitaires Saint-Luc. Patients admitted to the emergency department of these two teaching hospitals with a thrombotic or a bleeding event while under DOAC or VKA are included. After a comprehensive medication history, the appropriateness of prescribing is evaluated, using an adapted version of the Medication Appropriateness Index. Causality, severity and preventability of adverse events are assessed by two pharmacists and two hematologists using predefined scales. Second, for cases of serious and preventable ADRs, semi-structured interviews are performed with general practitioners to understand the underlying causes of medication errors. Based on the results, risk-minimization strategies that specifically target the problems encountered in clinical practice will be proposed.

Enrollment

102 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Admitted to the emergency department
  • Presenting a thrombotic or a bleeding event
  • Prescribed NOAC (rivaroxaban, dabigatran etexilate or apixaban) or VKA

Trial design

Primary purpose

Health Services Research

Allocation

N/A

Interventional model

Single Group Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

102 participants in 1 patient group

DOAC-treated patients
Other group
Description:
Concerning patients taking DOACs, blood samples are drawn to evaluate DOAC plasma concentration. One EDTA tube is also drawn to extract DNA and determine the genetic profile of genes involved in the metabolism of DOACs. The aim will be to assess if genetic determinants can explain the observed interindividual variability in plasma concentrations.
Treatment:
Biological: Blood samples for DOAC measurement

Trial contacts and locations

2

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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