PREVENT-HF: Prevention of Heart Failure Events With Impedance Cardiography Testing



Status and phase

Phase 4


Heart Failure, Congestive


Device: BioZ Dx

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


The purpose of this study is to determine whether outpatient therapeutic management guided by impedance cardiography (ICG), in addition to standard clinical assessment, will result in a longer time in days to the first heart failure hospitalization than therapy guided by clinical assessment alone.

Full description

The course of patients with chronic heart failure is marked by periodic episodes of clinical decompensation that not only impair the quality of life and may be fatal but also consume substantial health care resources, primarily due to the costs of hospitalization. Heart failure management programs have been developed to reduce the frequency and severity of these clinical events, but their effectiveness may be limited by physicians' difficulty in identifying patients at imminent risk. Reliable prediction of these events may afford physicians the opportunity to intervene aggressively and potentially minimize the need for hospitalization or the risk of a serious adverse outcome. Noninvasive impedance cardiography (ICG) is a simple test that utilizes changes in thoracic electrical impedance to measure thoracic fluid content, changes in the duration of cardiac ejection and the velocity of blood flow within the aorta. ICG has been used to estimate cardiac output and cardiac filling pressure in patients with or without heart failure (HF). PREVENT-HF is a randomized prospective study being conducted at up to 35 experienced investigative centers from the United States, Canada, and Europe. Subjects will be enrolled within 4-12 days of a discharge from a hospitalization for exacerbation of heart failure, with screening procedures to occur prior to the enrollment. Following enrollment, subjects will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio to outpatient management by either clinical assessment (Standard Care Arm) or ICG in addition to clinical assessment (ICG Arm) during the enrollment visit. ICG variables will be collected in all subjects but will be blinded in the Standard Care Arm. Each subject's study participation will last for a minimum of 24 weeks and a maximum of 52 weeks post-discharge. Four weeks after hospital discharge, subjects will visit the clinic. Remaining study visits will occur every four weeks thereafter until the subject has completed the 52-week visit or until the subject has experienced a hospitalization that has been adjudicated by the Clinical Events Committee as being a heart failure hospitalization. In the PREDICT study, a composite ICG score was the most powerful predictor of a short-term HF event when compared to standard clinical variables. This composite ICG score is provided for subjects in the PREVENT-HF ICG Arm. If the score indicates a subject is at a higher risk for a short-term HF event, clinicians will be required to intervene. Clinicians may intervene if indicated by the subject's clinical status for an intermediate-risk score, and intervention is not recommended based on the ICG score for lower-risk scores. Compliance to these guidelines will be tracked.


500 estimated patients




18+ years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Discharge within 12 days from a hospitalization with the primary diagnosis of heart failure
  • Age 18 years or older
  • Chronic heart failure of at least 2 months' duration due to an ischemic or nonischemic etiology
  • Receiving medications for heart failure that are considered (in the judgment of their physician) as being appropriate for their clinical status
  • Able to acquire data successfully with the BioZ device
  • Able and willing to provide written informed consent

Exclusion criteria

  • Height < 48 inches or > 90 inches (< 120 cm or > 230 cm); weight < 67 lbs or > 341 lbs (<30 kg or >155 kg)
  • Acute heart failure due to myocarditis, cor pulmonale, congenital heart disease, constrictive pericarditis, or hypertrophic, restrictive or obstructive cardiomyopathy
  • Presence of severe aortic regurgitation
  • Acute coronary syndrome (myocardial infarction or unstable angina) or coronary revascularization procedure (coronary bypass surgery or angioplasty) within 2 months
  • History of resuscitated sudden death, ventricular fibrillation, or hemodynamically destabilizing VT unless treated with a properly functioning ICD
  • One or more episodes of ventricular fibrillation or hemodynamically destabilizing ventricular tachycardia within the previous 30 days
  • Second degree - Mobitz Type II or third degree heart block, unless treated with a cardiac pacemaker
  • Implantation of a left ventricular assist device, hemodynamic monitor, activated minute ventilation pacemaker, or biventricular pacemaker (cardiac resynchronization therapy) with the V-to-V interval set at more than 5 milliseconds offset
  • Implantation of a CRT (cardiac resynchronization therapy) device within the previous 30 days
  • Planned implantation of a CRT within the next 6 months
  • Clinician use of intrathoracic impedance data from an implanted pacemaker with this capability
  • Participation in a transtelephonic or internet-based formal monitoring program
  • Most recent serum creatinine > 3 mg/dl; any liver function test (ALT, AST or bilirubin) > 3 times the upper limit of normal; chronic dialysis; or chronic ultrafiltration
  • Plan to serially monitor B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) or N-terminal prohormone of B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) as part of outpatient management
  • Post-discharge management with outpatient infusions
  • Pulmonary disease sufficient to significantly limit exercise or requiring long-term treatment with oral corticosteroids
  • Known hypersensitivity or allergies to sensor gel or adhesive; skin lesions that prohibit adequate sensor placement
  • Women known to be pregnant or who are planning to become pregnant in the next 12 months
  • Current participation in other investigational drug or device protocols, with the exceptions of registries and subjects in long-term safety follow-up with no active treatment for at least 60 days
  • Subjects with a disorder other than heart failure that might be expected to compromise their survival within the next 12 months

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Parallel Assignment


None (Open label)

500 participants in 2 patient groups, including a placebo group

Standard Care Arm
Placebo Comparator group
In the Standard Care Arm, the treating clinician will adjust therapy according only to the clinical assessment of signs and symptoms of heart failure since the ICG information is blinded to the treating clinician.
Device: BioZ Dx
Active Comparator group
In the ICG Arm, the treating clinician will adjust therapy according to the clinical assessment of signs and symptoms of heart failure, in addition to the ICG hemodynamic information obtained from the printed report.
Device: BioZ Dx

Trial contacts and locations



Central trial contact

Celine Peters

Data sourced from

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