Preventing Child Abuse in Infants

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University of Rochester

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 3

Conditions

Child Abuse

Treatments

Behavioral: Child Protective Services
Behavioral: Parent Education
Behavioral: Psychoeducational Home Visitation
Behavioral: Infant-Parent Psychotherapy

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other
NIH

Identifiers

NCT00000382
DSIR CT-P
R01MH054643 (U.S. NIH Grant/Contract)

Details and patient eligibility

About

The purpose of this study is to compare 2 approaches (interventions) to prevent child-abuse (maltreatment) in infants: Psychoeducational Home Visitation (PHV) vs Infant-Parent Psychotherapy (IPP). Non-maltreated infants and their mothers are studied as a comparison group. Twelve-month-old infants and their mothers are assigned randomly (like tossing a coin) to receive 1 of 3 types of intervention for 12 months: 1) Services normally available in the community when a family is reported for child maltreatment (Child Protective Services, CPS); 2) CPS involvement plus weekly PHV; 3) CPS involvement plus weekly IPP. Intervention will be provided until the infant's second birthday. All mother-infant pairs (including comparison non-maltreated infants and their mothers) will be assessed when the infant is 12, 18, 24, 36, and 48 months old. Assessments will look at the effectiveness of the intervention in preventing child maltreatment, improving parenting, and reducing future abuse. The study will last for 3 years. Eligibility includes a mother and her 12-month-old child that has been abused by her (the mother) or the father. (Non-maltreated infants and their mothers also will be enrolled.)

Full description

To evaluate the relative effectiveness of 2 theoretically-informed approaches to preventing the adverse sequelae of maltreatment in infants: Psychoeducational Home Visitation (PHV) and Infant-Parent Psychotherapy (IPP). Non-maltreated infants and their mothers serve as a comparison. Maltreated infants and their mothers are randomly assigned to 1 of 3 types of intervention for 12 months: 1) Services routinely available in the community when a family is reported for child maltreatment (Child Protective Services, CPS); 2) CPS involvement plus weekly PHV; 3) CPS involvement plus weekly IPP. Intervention is provided until the infant's second birthday. All mother-infant dyads (including comparison non-maltreated infants and their mothers) participate in baseline assessments at the infant's age of 12 months. Subsequent assessments occur at 18, 24, 36, and 48 months of age. Assessments measure three major areas: 1) family-ecological variables; 2) maternal functioning and parenting; and 3) child functioning and stage-salient issues. CPS records are monitored annually across all groups to determine whether any reports of maltreatment have been filed.

Sex

All

Ages

12 to 12 months old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

-

Participants must have:

Infants that have been maltreated by their biological caregiver during their first year of life and who continue to reside with their maternal caregiver. (Non-maltreated infants and their mothers will also be enrolled.)

Trial contacts and locations

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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