Prevention of Benzodiazepine Misuse in Primary Care

Karolinska Institute logo

Karolinska Institute

Status

Withdrawn

Conditions

Benzodiazepine Dependence
Benzodiazepine Abuse
Substance Use Disorders

Treatments

Behavioral: Educational intervention with prescription feedback
Behavioral: Information on treatment guidelines

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT04533230
2018/1347-31/2

Details and patient eligibility

About

Benzodiazepines and benzodiazepine-like hypnotics (z-drugs) are prevalent and addictive narcotics. Guidelines recommend restricted prescription of these drugs for anxiety and insomnia. The majority of benzodiazepine prescriptions are written for these disorders by physicians (GPs) in primary health care. Primary health care is thus an important arena for efforts to reduce access to benzodiazepines in order to lower the number of new users and users at risk of dependency. This trial evaluates whether a brief educational intervention in primary health care followed by 12 months of feedback on prescription data changes the prescription of benzodiazepines and benzodiazepine-like hypnotics.

Full description

Background: Benzodiazepines and the benzodiazepine-like hypnotics, often called "z-drugs" (hereafter "benzodiazepines") are common and addictive narcotic drugs that can be obtained by prescription. Even short-term prescription can become a long-term problem, leading to tolerance and dependency, as well as adverse effects, including cognitive disturbance and decline, behavioral problems, emergency visits, accidents, suicide, and drug-related mortality. Guidelines restrict prescription of these drugs for anxiety and insomnia. The majority of benzodiazepine prescriptions are written for these disorders by physicians in primary health care. Primary health care is thus an important arena for efforts to reduce access to benzodiazepines in order to lower the number of new users and users at risk of dependency. Aim: This randomized controlled trial tests whether a brief educational intervention in primary health care followed by 12 months of feedback on prescription data changes prescriptions of benzodiazepines and benzodiazepine-like hypnotics. Methods: Primary health care centers will be invited to participate in the study. Centers that express interest in participating, meet the inclusion criteria, and do not meet the exclusion criteria will be randomized to the intervention or the control group. Personnel at the intervention centers will participate in a brief educational intervention followed by 12 months of regular feedback on benzodiazepine prescriptions that are written at the center. Personnel in an active control group will receive written information on treatment guidelines but will not receive the onsite educational intervention or prescription feedback. Data on characteristics of participating primary health care centers, as well as on prescriptions before the intervention and during and after the 12-month follow-up period, will be gathered from regional health care registers and databases and statistically analyzed.

Sex

All

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Inclusion criteria for primary health care centers:

  • Employs at least two full-time physicians
  • Has at least 3000 patients
  • Has a regional care agreement (contract)

Exclusion criteria for primary health care centers:

  • In operation for less than 12 months
  • Participated in an intervention to reduce benzodiazepine prescriptions in the last 12 months

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Single Blind

0 participants in 3 patient groups

Educational intervention with prescription feedback
Experimental group
Description:
The manager and physicians at each intervention center will participate in a brief educational intervention about benzodiazepines and benzodiazepine-like hypnotics and receive 12 months of targeted feedback on prescription of these drugs. The education will cover national and regional treatment guidelines for anxiety, depression, and insomnia, which include guidelines on prescription of benzodiazepines and benzodiazepine-like hypnotics.
Treatment:
Behavioral: Educational intervention with prescription feedback
Information on guidelines
Active Comparator group
Description:
The manager and physicians at each center in the active control group will receive written information on national and regional treatment guidelines for anxiety, depression, and insomnia, which include guidelines on prescription of benzodiazepines and benzodiazepine-like hypnotics. These centers will not receive the onsite educational intervention or 12 months of targeted prescription feedback.
Treatment:
Behavioral: Information on treatment guidelines
No active intervention: standard care
No Intervention group
Description:
The manager and physicians at each primary health care center in the passive control group will receive no active intervention. The passive control group will consist of primary health care centers that are not actively participating in the study. Data will be gathered from regional registers and databases. Thus, there will be no need to contact or communicate directly with the centers. This arm will be used only if the General Data Protection Regulation continues to allow access to regional registers and databases in primary health care.

Trial contacts and locations

1

Loading...

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

Clinical trials

Find clinical trialsTrials by location
© Copyright 2024 Veeva Systems