Probucol for Symptomatic Intracranial and Extracranial Artery Stenosis

F

First Affiliated Hospital of Wannan Medical College

Status and phase

Not yet enrolling
Phase 3

Conditions

TIA
Ischemic Stroke

Treatments

Drug: Probucol
Drug: Placebo probucol

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other
Industry

Identifiers

NCT06225752
2023AH040246

Details and patient eligibility

About

This study is a multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial that aims to evaluate the efficacy of probucol on the reduction of the risk of recurrent stroke in patients with symptomatic intracranial or extracranial arterial stenosis.

Full description

This study is a multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial that aims to evaluate the efficacy of probucol on the reduction of the risk of recurrent stroke in patients with symptomatic intracranial or extracranial arterial stenosis. During the study period, 5452 patients at intermediate risk for ischemic stroke or TIA will be enrolled from 100 centers.To evaluate whether probucol, as compared with placebo, reduces the risk of recurrent stroke in patients at high risk for ischemic stroke or TIA within 7 days of onset.Patients in one arm will receive probucol initiated with a dose of 1000 mg per day on days 1 through 30, and continuing with 500 mg per day after day 31, and those in the other arm will receive an equivalent placebo drug. Study visits will be performed on the day of randomization, at discharge, at day 90 and at 1 year and then followed up annually until the occurrence of the endpoint event or the end of the study. In addition, patients will be followed up at any time when new clinical symptoms of the neurologic system and suspicious events occur, including worsening of the original ischemic event and the appearance of new transient or persistent neurologic symptoms.

Enrollment

5,452 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

40+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

1.40 years or older than 40 years; 2.Ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA); 3.Within 7 days from onset to randomization; 4.Main intracranial or extracranial arteries supplying the ischemic event region are narrowed by more than 50%; 5.Informed consent signed.

Exclusion criteria

  1. Presumed cardiac source of embolus, such as atrial fibrillation, prosthetic cardiac valve, endocarditis or patent foramen ovale;
  2. Stroke/TIA due to arterial dissection, angioplasty, or vascular surgery;
  3. Usage of probucol within 30 days before randomization;
  4. Known allergy or sensitivity or intolerance to probucol;
  5. Myocardial disease within the past 30 days, including myocardial infarction, myocarditis;
  6. With ventricular tachycardia, bradycardia, tip-twist ventricular tachycardia;
  7. With Q-Tc interval prolongation, or currently using drugs that may cause Q-Tc interval prolongation (male Q-Tc>450ms, female Q-Tc>470ms);
  8. Cardiac syncope or unexplained syncope;
  9. Impaired hepatic (ALT or AST > twice the upper limit of normal range) or kidney (creatinine exceeding 1.5 times of the upper limit of normal range or eGFR less than 50 ml/min) function at randomization;
  10. Anemia (haemoglobin <10g/dL), thrombocytopenia (platelet count <100×109/L) or leucopenia (white blood cell <3×109/L) at randomization;
  11. Planned surgery or interventional treatment requiring cessation of the study drug during the study;
  12. Participating in another clinical trial with an investigational drug or device concurrently or during the last 30 days;
  13. Pregnant or lactating women; Pregnant, currently trying to become pregnant, or of child-bearing potential and not using birth control;
  14. Severe non-cardiovascular comorbidity with a life expectancy of less than 1 years;
  15. Serious drug or alcohol abuse in the past 1 year;
  16. Inability to understand and/or follow research procedures due to mental, cognitive, or emotional disorders, or to be an unsuitable candidate for the study for any other considered by the investigator.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Quadruple Blind

5,452 participants in 2 patient groups, including a placebo group

Probucol Group
Experimental group
Description:
The study drug should be started as soon as possible within 7 days after symptom onset.
Treatment:
Drug: Probucol
Placebo Probucol Group
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
The study drug should be started as soon as possible within 7 days after symptom onset.
Treatment:
Drug: Placebo probucol

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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