Progesterone Treatment in Female Smokers - 12

National Institutes of Health (NIH) logo

National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Status and phase

Phase 2


Tobacco Use Disorder


Drug: Micronized Progesterone

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


The purpose of this study is to investigate progesterone effects in female smokers

Full description

Limited research has been done on the effects of gender and menstrual cycle in response to drugs of abuse in humans. The main goal of this pilot study is to investigate the safety and tolerability of progesterone treatment in female nicotine users. In addition, plasma progesterone levels reached with a single 200 mg dose of progesterone treatment will be measured. The study will be a double-blind placebo controlled, crossover trial in which 12 female smokers who are in the early follicular phase of their menstrual cycle will be enrolled. Druing the experimental sessions, subjects will be given a single 200 mg dose of micronized progesterone or placebo and multiple blood samples will be obtained to measure the plasma levels of progesterone. Starting 2 hours after progesterone or placebo treatment, subjects will have a self-administration period that will last around 2.5 hours. We hypothesize that administration of 200 mg of progesterone will achieve plasma progesterone concentrations similar to those found in the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle, 3-30 ng/ml.




21 to 45 years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

Female subjects aged 21-45 years with a smoking history of at least 20 cigarettes daily for at least 1 year. In good health as verified by medical history, screening examination, and screening laboratory tests. Not pregnant as determined by pregnancy screening nor breast feeding, and using acceptable birth control methods other than hormonal contraceptives.

Exclusion criteria

History of heart disease, peripheral vascular disease, COPD, liver diseases, abnormal vaginal bleeding, suspected or known breast malignancy, or any other medical condition which physician investigator deems inappropriate for subject participation. Use of regular psychotropic medication (antidepressants, antipsychotics, or anxiolytics) and recent psychiatric history. Amenorrhea. Current use of oral or other types of hormonal contraceptives. Abuse of alcohol or any other recreational or prescription drug. Regular use of any other tobacco products, including smokeless tobacco and nicotine products. Known allergy to progesterone or peanuts.

Trial contacts and locations



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