Prognostic Value of the Right Ventricular Function by Portable Ultrasound in Patients With Pulmonary Hypertension.

I

Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Medicas y Nutricion Salvador Zubiran

Status

Enrolling

Conditions

Cardiac Ultrasound
Pulmonary Hypertension
Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

Treatments

Device: cardiac ultrasound

Study type

Observational

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT05343091
3492

Details and patient eligibility

About

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a disease characterized by obliteration and remodeling of small-caliber pulmonary arteries, progressively generating an increase in pulmonary vascular resistance, right heart failure, and death. Current guidelines recommend a multidimensional approach which includes clinical, echocardiographic, exercise and hemodynamic variables to classify patients by risk and thus define a prognosis and guide therapeutic decisions. There is a wide range of studies, which have shown a good correlation between standard echocardiography and portable cardiac ultrasound. There is no doubt about the usefulness of portable cardiac ultrasound in the intensive care unit, emergency department and even during hospital rounds; however, its usefulness during the daily examination in a follow-up consultation of patients at high risk of cardiovascular deterioration, such as patients with PAH, has not yet been demonstrated. There is evidence that a TAPSE measurement \<17mm using standard echocardiography by a physician experienced in echocardiography predicts survival in patients with Pulmonary hypertension. We would like to know if patients with low TAPSE will have a higher proportion of morbidity events compared to patients with normal TAPSE measured by portable ultrasound.

Full description

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a disease characterized by obliteration and remodeling of small-caliber pulmonary arteries, progressively generating an increase in pulmonary vascular resistance, right heart failure, and death. Current guidelines recommend a multidimensional approach which includes clinical, echocardiographic, exercise and hemodynamic variables to classify patients by risk and thus define a prognosis and guide therapeutic decisions. Transthoracic Echocardiography (TTE) currently plays an important role in the diagnostic algorithm of PAH as it is minimally invasive and readily available. Moreover, many echocardiographic parameters are closely related to pulmonary hemodynamics. Some TTE parameters are associated with mortality and surviving in these patients, such as: shortening fraction, presence of pericardial effusion, eccentricity index, systolic displacement of the tricuspid annular plane (TAPSE), size of the right atrium and right ventricular free wall strain. Ultrasound (US) is the only method which enables realtime bedside imaging of the heart. Focused cardiac US provides worthy diagnostic information useful for the the clinical management of critical care patients. The use of cardiac ultrasound in the last decade has gradually increased among non cardiologists. Pocket ultrasounds are part of the third generation of ultrasounds described in the literature. These have the characteristic of being light devices weighing less than 1kg and that can be carried in the pocket of the medical uniform. This leads many researchers to believe that in the not too distant future its use will be part of the physical examination routine, as the stethoscope is now. There is a wide range of studies, which have shown a good correlation between standard echocardiography and portable cardiac ultrasound. There is no doubt about the usefulness of portable cardiac ultrasound in the intensive care unit, emergency department and even during hospital rounds; however, its usefulness during the daily examination in a follow-up consultation of patients at high risk of cardiovascular deterioration, such as patients with PAH, has not yet been demonstrated. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM Does the measurement of tricuspid annular plane systolic displacement (TAPSE) by portable cardiac ultrasound have prognostic utility in the follow-up of patients with Pulmonary Hypertension? JUSTIFICATION There is evidence that a TAPSE measurement <17mm using standard echocardiography by a physician experienced in echocardiography predicts survival in patients with Pulmonary hypertension. However, the high costs of an apparatus to perform the standard echocardiogram study and the prolonged appointments to perform the study delay the diagnosis of treatment of progression of cardiovascular disease. Therefore, it is important to document the usefulness of using an accessible medical tool during the cardiopulmonology consultation for the follow-up of patients with pulmonary hypertension. HYPOTHESIS Patients with low TAPSE will have a higher proportion of morbidity events compared to patients with normal TAPSE.

Enrollment

62 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Patients with the diagnosis of Pulmonary Hypertension group 1 and 4 by right heart catheterization.
  • Presence of a baseline transthoracic echocardiogram as well as a follow-up echocardiogram.
  • Presence of 6m baseline walk as well as follow-up.

Exclusion criteria

  • All patients with left heart disease associated with PH
  • All patients with pulmonary disease associated with PH
  • All patients with congenital heart disease who had poor surgical repair.
  • Patients who meet the contraindication by the American chest guidelines to perform the 6m walk test.

Trial design

62 participants in 1 patient group

Pulmonary Hypertension patients
Description:
patients with diagnosis of Pulmonary Hypertension from group 1 and 4 by right heart catheterization
Treatment:
Device: cardiac ultrasound

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Central trial contact

Jose Luis Hernández Oropeza, Ph; Pamela Mercado Velázquez, MD

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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