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Neoclinical Research | Hialeah, FL

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Program to Assess Adverse Events and Change in Disease Activity of Oral Upadacitinib in Adult Participants With Moderate to Severe Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SELECT-SLE)

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AbbVie

Status and phase

Enrolling
Phase 3

Conditions

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Treatments

Drug: Upadacitinib
Drug: Placebo

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Industry

Identifiers

NCT05843643
M23-699
2023-503655-10-00 (Other Identifier)

Details and patient eligibility

About

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is an immune-mediated disease associated with inflammation of multiple organ systems. This study will assess how safe and effective upadacitinib is in treating adult participants with moderately to severely active SLE. Adverse events and change in the disease activity will be assessed.

Upadacitinib is an approved drug for rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, and axial spondylarthritis and is being developed for the treatment of SLE. This study is "double-blinded", which means that neither the trial participants nor the study doctors will know who will be given upadacitinib and who will be given placebo (does not contain treatment drug) . This study comprised of 3 sub studies. In Study 1 and Study 2, study doctors put the participants in 1 of the 2 groups, called treatment arms. Each group receives a different treatment. There is a 1 in 2 chance that participants will be assigned to placebo. Eligible participants from Study 1 and Study 2 will enter Study 3 at week 52 to receive specific doses of upadacitinib based on their disease activity and their original treatment assignment in Study 1 or 2. Approximately 500 participants diagnosed with SLE will be enrolled in each of the Study 1 and Study 2 in approximately 320 sites across the world.

Participants will receive oral tablets of upadacitinib or matching placebo once daily for 52 weeks in Study 1 and Study 2. Eligible participants from Study 1 and Study 2 will receive oral tablets of upadacitinib once daily for 52 weeks in Study 3.

There may be higher treatment burden for participants in this trial compared to their standard of care. Participants will attend regular visits during the study at a hospital or clinic. The effect of the treatment will be checked by medical assessments, checking for side effects and completing questionnaires.

Enrollment

1,000 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 63 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Clinical diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) at least 24 weeks prior to screening as defined by the 2019 European Alliance of Associations for Rheumatology (EULAR)/ American College of Rheumatology (ACR) classification criteria for SLE.

  • At Screening, must have at least one of the following:

    • antinuclear antibody (ANA) positive (titer >= 1:80)
    • anti-double stranded deoxyribonucleic acid (dsDNA) positive
    • anti-Smith positive
  • Hybrid systemic lupus erythematosus disease activity index (hSLEDAI) >= 6, of which >= 4 points are clinical (not based on laboratory criteria), independently reviewed by the MCDR at Screening. Clinical hSLEDAI score (not based on laboratory criteria) must be re-confirmed as >= 4 at the Baseline visit. Lupus headache or organic brain syndrome do not count towards the hSLEDAI points required for eligibility but should be documented on the hSLEDAI if present.

  • Physician's Global Assessment (PhGA) >= 1 during screening period.

  • On stable background treatment for >= 60 days prior to Baseline (with the exception of oral corticosteroid [OCS], which must be at a stable dose for >=14 days prior to Baseline) with

    • antimalarial(s) [hydroxychloroquine <= 400 mg daily, chloroquine <= 500 mg daily, quinacrine <= 100 mg daily];
    • and/or prednisone (or prednisone-equivalent) (<= 20 mg daily);
    • and/or no more than 1 of the following: azathioprine (<= 150 mg daily), 6-mercaptopurine (<= 150 mg daily), mycophenolate mofetil (<= 2 g daily), mycophenolate sodium <= 1,440 mg/day, leflunomide (<= 20 mg daily), cyclosporine, tacrolimus, voclosporin (<= 23.7 mg twice daily), methotrexate (<= 25 mg weekly), or mizoribine (<= 150 mg daily).

Exclusion criteria

  • Class III/IV lupus nephritis that was treated with induction therapy within the 6 months prior to Screening.
  • Active neuropsychiatric SLE (excluding lupus headache) within the 6 months prior to Screening.
  • SLE overlap syndromes including, but not limited to, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic sclerosis, polymyositis, dermatomyositis, or mixed connective tissue disease (Sjögren's syndrome is permitted).
  • Antiphospholipid syndrome and prior unprovoked venous or arterial thrombosis who are not on stable and adequate anticoagulation.
  • Two or more episodes of herpes zoster, or one or more episodes of disseminated herpes zoster or herpes zoster ophthalmicus.
  • History of malignancy, except for successfully treated non-melanoma skin cancer or localized carcinoma in situ of the cervix.
  • Pregnancy, breastfeeding, or considering becoming pregnant during the study.
  • Clinically relevant or significant ECG abnormalities at Screening.
  • Planned elective surgery that would impact study procedures or assessments through the completion of the Week 52 assessments.

NOTE: Other protocol defined Inclusion/Exclusion criteria may apply.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Sequential Assignment

Masking

Quadruple Blind

1,000 participants in 10 patient groups, including a placebo group

Study 1- Upadacitinib Dose A
Experimental group
Description:
Participants will receive upadacitinib dose A once daily for 52 weeks.
Treatment:
Drug: Upadacitinib
Study 1- Placebo
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
Participants will receive upadacitinib matching placebo once daily for 52 weeks.
Treatment:
Drug: Placebo
Study 2- Upadacitinib Dose A
Experimental group
Description:
Participants will receive upadacitinib dose A once daily for 52 weeks.
Treatment:
Drug: Upadacitinib
Study 2- Placebo
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
Participants will receive upadacitinib matching placebo once daily for 52 weeks.
Treatment:
Drug: Placebo
Study 3- Low Disease Activity Upadacitinib (LDA) Dose A
Experimental group
Description:
Participants in the upadacitinib arms from Study 1 or Study 2 with LDA will receive upadacitinib dose A once daily for 52 weeks.
Treatment:
Drug: Upadacitinib
Study 3- Low Disease Activity Upadacitinib Dose B
Experimental group
Description:
Participants in the upadacitinib arms from Study 1 or Study 2 with LDA will receive upadacitinib dose B once daily for 52 weeks.
Treatment:
Drug: Upadacitinib
Study 3- No LDA Upadacitinib Dose A
Experimental group
Description:
Participants in the upadacitinib arms from Study 1 or Study 2 with no LDA will receive upadacitinib dose A once daily for 52 weeks.
Treatment:
Drug: Upadacitinib
Study 3- Upadacitininb Dose A
Experimental group
Description:
Participants in the placebo arms of Study 1 or Study 2 will receive upadacitinib Dose A once daily for 52 weeks.
Treatment:
Drug: Upadacitinib
Study 3- Open Label Upadacitinib Dose A
Experimental group
Description:
Participants who experience a suspected systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) flare may receive open label upadacitinib Dose A once daily for the remainder of the study.
Treatment:
Drug: Upadacitinib
Study 3- Open Label Upadacitinib Dose B
Experimental group
Description:
Participants who reach \>= 65 years of age and are still on study drug may receive open-label upadacitinib Dose B once daily, and participants who experience a suspected SLE flare while on upadacitinib Dose B may receive upadacitinib Dose A for the remainder of the study.
Treatment:
Drug: Upadacitinib

Trial contacts and locations

270

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Central trial contact

ABBVIE CALL CENTER

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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