Promotora-based Latino Family CVD Risk Reduction

University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) logo

University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 2

Conditions

Cancer
Heart Disease

Treatments

Behavioral: Home environs-based lifestyle counseling
Behavioral: Cancer early detection

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other
NIH

Identifiers

NCT01714271
1P50HL105188-6094
1P50HL105188 (U.S. NIH Grant/Contract)

Details and patient eligibility

About

This family environment-focused health behavior change intervention is being carried out by extensively trained community health workers (promotores) familiar with the community in East Los Angeles. The hypothesis being tested is that home environment-focused health behavior change will reduce risk of arterial stiffness, an early-in-life predictor of heart disease. The community health workers will provide most of the health promotion counseling. The promotores will provide up to 16 counseling sessions to a designated adult family member without diabetes. The sessions will focus on improving the home environment in order to reduce television viewing, increase fruit and vegetable intake, decrease intake of refined carbohydrates, prompt more frequent monitoring of body weight and increase daily physical activity. The lifestyle change goals will be tailored to the families' capacity for change and will be consistent with the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, especially the MyPlate.gov messages, the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet and at least 30 minutes of daily moderate physical activity.

Full description

This is a randomized controlled trial involving non-diabetic residents of East Los Angeles, most of whom are low-income, mostly immigrant Mexican Americans. The family environment-focused health behavior change intervention is being carried out by extensively trained community health workers (promotores) familiar with the community in East Los Angeles. The comparison condition is a more traditional health education approach to teaching residents about practical early cancer detection strategies designed to reduce risk of death from cancer. The hypothesis being tested is that home environment-focused health behavior change will reduce risk of arterial stiffness, an early-in-life predictor of heart disease. The community health workers will provide most of the health promotion counseling. The promotores will provide up to 16 counseling sessions to a designated adult family member without diabetes. The sessions will focus on improving the home environment in order to reduce television viewing, increase fruit and vegetable intake, decrease intake of refined carbohydrates, prompt more frequent monitoring of body weight and increase daily physical activity. The lifestyle change goals will be tailored to the families' capacity for change and will be consistent with the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, especially the MyPlate.gov messages, the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet and at least 30 minutes of daily moderate physical activity. Secondary outcomes include: aerobic fitness, fruit and vegetable intake as assessed by food frequency questionnaire, endothelial function, body mass index, waist circumference, blood pressure, a metabolic syndrome score, and quality of life. Relative to the cancer early detection condition, the lifestyle change intervention is expected to improve fitness, increase fruit and vegetable intake, improve endothelial function, improve BMI, reduce excess waist circumference, improve blood pressure, and improve quality of life. If results confirm hypotheses, the results will support investing more public health resources into environmental and policy strategies design to make it easier for populations to adhere to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans and the Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans.

Enrollment

204 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Resides in East Los Angeles
  • Home includes family member (spouse or 1st degree relative)who has been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes

Exclusion criteria

  • BMI>40;
  • Any condition that prevents engaging in daily physical activity / walking;
  • pregnant;
  • breast feeding;
  • cardiovascular (CVD) event within 12 months;
  • cancer requiring chemotherapy;
  • other medical condition requiring active lifestyle intervention/dialysis;
  • severe CVD or other disease known to significantly limit life expectancy.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Prevention

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Single Blind

204 participants in 2 patient groups

Home environs-based lifestyle counseling
Experimental group
Description:
Home environs-based lifestyle counseling Involves Spanish-speaking community health workers interacting with intervention subjects in home visits and phone calls - 12 contacts overall. The counseling focuses on promoting subject adherence to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA) and the Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans (PAGA) with special attention devoted to changing the home environment to make it optimally supportive of the lifestyle choices consistent with the DGA and PAGA. Study participants will also be provided 4 group education sessions that will be devoted to improving subject adherence to the DGA and PAGA.
Treatment:
Behavioral: Home environs-based lifestyle counseling
Cancer early detection
Experimental group
Description:
Cancer Early Detection Spanish-speaking health educators will interact with study participants via a home visit and four telephone calls. The focus of the health education will be on practical strategies to detect cancer early to help prevent death from cancer. Cancer sites of interest will be: breast, cervical, skin, colon, prostate and testicular cancers. In addition, study participants will be provided two group education classes that will focus on the basics of the cancer process and why early detection and intervention can be life-saving.
Treatment:
Behavioral: Cancer early detection

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Central trial contact

Valerie Ruelas, LCSW

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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