Prophylactic Surgery Plus HIPEC With CO2 in Patients Affected by Colorectal Carcinoma. CHECK Study.

M

Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research

Status

Enrolling

Conditions

Colorectal Neoplasms

Treatments

Drug: Mitomycin
Procedure: Standard surgery
Procedure: HIPEC CO2 surgery

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT03914820
IRFMN-CRC- 7813
2019-001437-14 (EudraCT Number)

Details and patient eligibility

About

This is a phase III randomized, multicenter study with two different arm: experimental: prophylactic surgery plus HIPEC CO2 performed with mitomycin comparator: standard surgery Adjuvant treatment after surgery is mandatory except for documented cases of non-eligibility. Patient will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio. Randomization will be done during surgery if the total resection of tumour will be reached and will use a stratification procedure based on center

Full description

This is a phase III randomized, multicenter study with two different arm: experimental: prophylactic surgery plus HIPEC CO2 performed with mitomycin comparator: standard surgery Adjuvant treatment after surgery is mandatory except for documented cases of non-eligibility. Patient will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio. Randomization will be done during surgery if the total resection of tumour will be reached and will use a stratification procedure based on center The HIPEC CO2 regimen will be as reported below: mitomycin: (total dose of 35 mg/mq, physiologic solution 0.9%) administrated 50% at time 0 from start of HIPEC CO2 treatment (17.5 mg/mq), 25% (8.8 mg/mq) after 30 minutes and the last dose 25% after 60 minutes. Recommended temperature for HIPEC treatment is 41-42 °C for 90 minutes. Adjuvant treatment consists of a 6 months chemotherapy after surgery. It is possible to choose between Oxaliplatin, Capecitabine (XELOX) or Oxaliplatin, Fluorouracil, Leucovorin (FOLFOX-4) Patients affected by CRC at high risk of developing peritoneal carcinomatosis will be randomized in the study.

Enrollment

330 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 75 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

Patients with histologically documented colorectal adenocarcinoma eligible for R0,

  • Presurgical or intraoperative stage T4a or T4b primary tumour (TNM 8 th)
  • Urgent presentation: perforation without purulent generalized peritonitis or fecal peritonitis
  • Peritumoral minimal peritoneal carcinomatosis: limited peritoneal disease in close proximity to the primary tumour, that may be removed en bloc
  • Ovarian metastases (Krukenberg tumor)
  • Age ≥ 18 and ≤75 years
  • Written informed consent

Exclusion criteria

  • Distant metastatic disease (even if limited and completely resected)
  • History of tumour diagnosed in the 3 years before entering the study, except for topical and healed pathologies that do not need further treatment (e.g. non-melanoma skin carcinomas, superficial bladder carcinomas or in situ carcinoma of the breast or cervix).
  • Psychological, family or social conditions which may negatively affect the treatment and follow-up protocol.
  • Poor general conditions (ECOG > 2).
  • Impaired cardiac function (history of congestive heart failure or FE <40%). Clinically significant cardiovascular disease: cerebral vascular accident/stroke (<6 months prior to enrolment), myocardial infarction (<6 months prior to enrolment), unstable angina, congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association Classification Class > II or serious uncontrolled cardiac Arythmia requiring medication
  • Impaired renal function (creatinine> 1.5 upper limit of normal or creatinine clearance <60 mL / min)
  • Impaired hepatic function (AST, ALT >2.5 upper limit of normal, bilirubin> 1.5 upper limit of normal)
  • Impaired hematopoietic function (leucocytes <4000 / mm3, neutrophils <1500 / mm3, platelets <100000 / mm3)
  • Impaired pulmonary function (presence of COPD or other pulmonary restrictive conditions with FEV1 <50% or DLCO <40% of normal age value).
  • Pregnancy
  • History or presence of other diseases, metabolic dysfunction, or clinical laboratory finding giving reasonable suspicion of a disease or condition that contraindicates use of HIPEC or chemotherapy or patient at high risk from treatment complications.
  • Chronic inflammatory bowel disease
  • Patients with acute bowel obstruction
  • Refusal to join the study

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

330 participants in 2 patient groups

Experimental
Experimental group
Description:
ARM A: Prophylactic surgery plus HIPEC CO2 performed with mitomycin
Treatment:
Procedure: HIPEC CO2 surgery
Drug: Mitomycin
Comparator
Active Comparator group
Description:
ARM B: Standard surgey without HIPEC CO2 The arm B is with standard surgery without HIPEC CO2
Treatment:
Procedure: Standard surgery

Trial contacts and locations

16

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Central trial contact

Fabio Pacelli, MD; Chiara Gerardi

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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