Prophylaxis of Diarrhea in Adult Cancer Patients Receiving Targeted Cancer Therapy (OnTARGET)

N

Napo Pharmaceuticals

Status and phase

Active, not recruiting
Phase 3

Conditions

Chemotherapy-related Diarrhea
Cancer Therapy-Related Diarrhea
Prophylaxis of Diarrhea
Symptomatic Relief of Diarrhea
Adult Solid Tumor
Targeted Therapy-related Diarrhea

Treatments

Drug: Placebo
Drug: Crofelemer 125 MG [Mytesi]

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Industry

Identifiers

NCT04538625
NP 303-102

Details and patient eligibility

About

A 24-week, (two 12-week stages), randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of crofelemer in providing prophylaxis of diarrhea in adult patients with solid tumors treated with targeted cancer therapy-containing treatment regimens. Diarrhea grading will be done according to the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI CTCAE) version 5.0. Patients will be randomized 1:1 to placebo or crofelemer and will be stratified by the type of targeted cancer therapy and the tumor type. Placebo and/or crofelemer will be dispensed at Visit 1/Day 1 with the concurrent start of the targeted cancer therapy regimen. The initial Stage I double-blind placebo-controlled primary treatment phase will occur over a 12-week period to accommodate approximately 3 cycle chemotherapy cancer treatment dosing-cycles. The Primary and Secondary Endpoints will be analyzed after the last patient last visit (LPLV) of Stage I. After completing the Stage I double-blind, placebo-controlled primary treatment phase, the subjects will have the option to remain on their assigned treatment arm and reconsented to enter into the Stage II extension phase. Reconsent will be required to enter into Stage II. For subjects who do not reconsent, visit 5 will be the last study visit.

Full description

A randomized, placebo controlled, double blind study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of crofelemer in providing prophylaxis of diarrhea in adult patients with solid tumors receiving targeted cancer therapy containing regimens. Diarrhea grading will be done according to the National Cancer Institute's Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE Ver. 5.0). Randomization will be at a 1:1 ratio with subjects randomized either to crofelemer 125 mg delayed-release tablets or matching placebo tablets administered orally twice daily with or without food. Randomization will be stratified by the type of targeted cancer therapy and by tumor type. Placebo and crofelemer treatment will be initiated concomitantly with the administration of targeted cancer therapy-containing regimens. The Stage I double-blind placebo-controlled primary treatment phase will be the first 12-week period to accommodate targeted cancer therapy with approximately three (3) cycle chemotherapy regimens (if needed) over the inclusive 12-week period after initiation of crofelemer or placebo treatment in Stage I. After completing the Stage I treatment phase (12 weeks), and after the LPLV of the primary Stage I treatment phase, the primary and secondary endpoints will be analyzed. The subjects will have the option to remain on their assigned treatment arm and reconsented to enter into the Stage II extension phase. Reconsent will be required to enter into Stage II. For subjects who do not reconsent, Visit 5 will be the last study visit. Subjects who enter into the Stage II extension phase will continue on their originally assigned study treatment commenced at the beginning of Stage I.

Enrollment

256 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

1. Patients to receive targeted cancer therapy drugs that have a reported an all grade diarrhea incidence of 50% or higher (e.g., tyrosine kinase inhibitors, cdk inhibitors, anti-EGFR, etc., for treatment of solid tumors.

2. Patients able to provide written informed consent.

3. Men and women ≥ 18 years of age.

4. Pathologically and/or radiologically confirmed diagnosis of solid tumors scheduled to receive targeted cancer therapy.

5. Patients eligible to receive targeted cancer therapy per NCCN (National Comprehensive Cancer Network) guidelines and/or standard-of-care practice, with or without cycle chemotherapy.

6. Patient can receive concomitant cycle [standard] chemotherapy agents together with their targeted cancer therapy treatment regimens.

7. ECOG (Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group) performance status 0-2 and expected to survive a 12-week course of targeted therapy with or without chemotherapy

8. Negative urine pregnancy test at time of informed consent for women of childbearing potential.

Exclusion criteria

1. Patients receiving any type of immunotherapy including but not limited to immune checkpoint inhibitors that inhibit negative regulatory components of immune response such as cytotoxic T-lymphocyte associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4) and the programmed cell death protein-1 and its ligand (PD1/ PDL1) and IL-2 cancer immunotherapy.

2. Any cancer therapy for which antidiarrheal (antimotility) medications in the prophylaxis setting is mandatory, including but not limited to patients receiving neratinib and irinotecan.

3. Ongoing irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) or colitis (including but not limited to ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, microscopic colitis, etc.).

4. Ongoing diarrhea and/or diarrheal episodes within the previous 7 days prior to randomization into the study.

5. Laxative use within 7 days prior to randomization or a history of constipation requiring the use of laxatives for more than ≥ 30 consecutive days.

6. Inadequate organ function, which may include, but is not limited to, the following laboratory results within 28 days prior to signing consent: Total bilirubin > upper limit of normal (ULN), AST (SGOT) and ALT (SPGT) > 2.5 ULN (unless the participant has documented Gilbert's syndrome, hepatocellular carcinoma or hepatic metastases), serum creatinine > 2.0 mg/dL or 177 μmol/L.

NOTE: Investigator discretion will determine continued eligibility after randomization occurs, in the event the liver function test results are greater than (>) the proposed upper limit of normal.

7. Use of other investigational drugs within 4 weeks of signed informed consent or foreseen use during the study.

8. Use of antibiotics within the past 7 days (up to 2 prophylactic doses of antibiotic for procedures, including but not limited to port placement, is permitted) prior to randomization.

9. Total colectomy and/or any type of gastrointestinal ostomy.

10. Major abdominal or pelvic surgery within the past 3 months.

11. Previous (within 1 month) or planned abdominal and/or pelvic radiation.

12. Fecal incontinence from ongoing radiation-induced diarrhea or constipation

13. Active systemic infection requiring ongoing intervention, including but not limited to oral and intravenous antibiotics, anti-fungals, anti-parasitics, and anti-viral drugs.

14. Inability to comply with study requirements as judged by the Investigator.

15. Pregnant and/or breastfeeding.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Prevention

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Quadruple Blind

256 participants in 2 patient groups, including a placebo group

Placebo
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
Subjects randomized to the placebo arm, will receive oral doses of matching placebo tablets twice daily with or without food.
Treatment:
Drug: Placebo
Crofelemer
Experimental group
Description:
Subjects randomized to the crofelemer arm, will receive oral doses of crofelemer 125mg delayed-release tablets twice daily with or without food.
Treatment:
Drug: Crofelemer 125 MG [Mytesi]

Trial contacts and locations

52

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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