PROPRANOLOL PLUS LIGATION REDUCES RECURRENCE OF ESOPHAGEAL VARICES?

F

Federal University of São Paulo

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 4

Conditions

ESOPHAGEAL VARICES
CIRRHOSIS

Treatments

Drug: PROPRANOLOL
Procedure: ENDOSCOPIC BAND LIGATION
Device: a multiband ligation device

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT01893541
DBONILHA

Details and patient eligibility

About

This prospective randomized controlled trial will compare endoscopic band ligation (EBL) with propranolol and EBL alone in primary prophylaxis of variceal bleeding among cirrhotic patients with high-risk varices.

Full description

BACKGROUND AND AIMS Bleeding from esophagogastric varices (EV) is a major complication of portal hypertension. Beta-blockers are a well-established cornerstone of portal hypertension treatment. Band ligation is the best endoscopic treatment to prevent EV bleeding. The exact benefit of beta-blocker association to band ligation remains to be defined, especially for primary prophylaxis. This prospective randomized controlled trial will compare EBL with propranolol and EBL alone in primary prophylaxis of variceal bleeding among cirrhotic patients with high-risk varices. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The patients with high-risk varices will be randomly allocated to EBL plus propranolol (Group I) or EBL alone (Group II). EBL will be performed at 3-week interval till obliteration of varices. In Group I, incremental dosage of propranolol (sufficient to reduce heart rate to 55 beats/min or 25% reduction from baseline) will be administered and will be continued after obliteration of varices until the end of the study. The follow-up of patients will be 2 years. The primary outcome of this study will be EV recurrence during two years of follow-up. The secondary outcomes will be EV eradication, bleeding before eradication, mortality and complications during the same follow-up.

Enrollment

100 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 78 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Liver cirrhosis with esophageal varices
  • Age between 18 and 78 years
  • Accept to participate

Exclusion criteria

  • Portal hypertension by schistosomiasis
  • Contraindications for propranolol use
  • Do not accept to participate

Trial design

Primary purpose

Prevention

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

100 participants in 2 patient groups

EBL PLUS PROPRANOLOL
Active Comparator group
Description:
The EBL procedures will be performed using standard technique with a multiband ligation device. Elastic bands will be placed according to physician decision, starting at esophagogastric junction. Endoscopic band ligation sessions will be repeated at intervals of 3 to 4 weeks until all varices were obliterated. The initial propranolol dose will be orally BID 40 mg, irrespective of patient's weight. The objective of the administration of propranolol will be induce beta-adrenergic blockade evaluated by reduction in heart rate to 55 bpm or a 25% drop in baseline heart rate. A baseline electrocardiogram will be obtained from all patients. The doses will be adjusted during weekly visits until beta-adrenergic blockade. After the adequate dose will be reached, the visits will be scheduled monthly during the first 3 months (until EV eradication) and then at a 3-month interval until the end of follow-up.
Treatment:
Device: a multiband ligation device
Procedure: ENDOSCOPIC BAND LIGATION
Drug: PROPRANOLOL
ENDOSCOPIC BAND LIGATION
Active Comparator group
Description:
The procedures will be performed using standard technique with a multiband ligation device. Elastic bands will be placed according to physician decision, starting at esophagogastric junction. All varices will be treated during the same session. Endoscopic band ligation sessions will be repeated at intervals of 3 to 4 weeks until all varices will be obliterated.
Treatment:
Procedure: ENDOSCOPIC BAND LIGATION

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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