Protocol For the Treatment of Cryptosporidiosis in AIDS Patients With Diclazuril (R64,433)

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Janssen

Status

Completed

Conditions

Cryptosporidiosis
HIV Infections

Treatments

Drug: Diclazuril

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Industry

Identifiers

NCT00002027
JRD 64,433/1101
038A

Details and patient eligibility

About

To evaluate the safety and efficacy of diclazuril capsules compared with placebo capsules as treatment of cryptosporidial related diarrhea in AIDS patients. Treatment efficacy will be based on the drug's clinical results and on its anti-protozoan effects. Safety will be assessed by the occurrence of side effects as reported by patients at their visits and by frequent monitoring of hematology, biochemistries, and urinalysis.

Sex

All

Ages

12 to 65 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Inclusion Criteria

Concurrent Medication:

Allowed:

  • Patients who require anti-diarrheal medication must have received only one anti-diarrheal medication, loperamide, for at least 7 days prior to study entry. Dose of loperamide cannot be increased during study.
  • Aerosolized pentamidine.
  • Ganciclovir for cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis only but patient must be stable at least 4 weeks prior to study entry.
  • Zidovudine (AZT).
  • Nystatin for oropharyngeal infections if not taken within 2 hours of diclazuril.

Patients must have:

  • Diagnosis of AIDS that is confirmed HIV positive by Western blot or AIDS defined diagnosis, or CDC defined AIDS. Stool specimens positive for cryptosporidium oocysts.
  • Given written informed consent after the purpose and nature of the study, as well the possible drug-related adverse effects, have been explained.
  • Ability to return for all subsequent applicable visits on days 8, 15, 21, and, if necessary, 28.

Prior Medication:

Allowed:

  • Aerosolized pentamidine.
  • Loperamide.
  • Ganciclovir for cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with the following are excluded:

  • Diagnosis of cryptosporidiosis less than 4 weeks prior to study entry, unless patient has been diagnosed with AIDS for more than 4 weeks.
  • Other treatable enteric pathogens including Clostridia must be treated and eradicated prior to study entry.
  • Inability to swallow capsules.
  • Uncontrolled vomiting.

Concurrent Medication:

Excluded:

  • Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim).
  • Ganciclovir for any other reason except cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis.
  • Other antibiotics.
  • Other anti-protozoal drugs.
  • Anti-fungal drugs other than nystatin.
  • Amphotericin B.
  • Other investigational drugs.

Patients with the following are excluded:

  • Diagnosis of cryptosporidiosis less than 4 weeks prior to study entry, unless patient has been diagnosed with AIDS for more than 4 weeks.
  • Inability to swallow capsules.
  • Uncontrolled vomiting.
  • Life expectancy of < 28 days.
  • Can not be depended upon to follow the instructions of the investigator.
  • Participation in an investigational study within 15 days of study entry.

Prior Medication:

Excluded within 15 days of study entry:

Another investigational drug or device (except aerosolized pentamidine).

Prior Treatment:

Excluded within 15 days of study entry:

Participation in an investigational study.

Trial contacts and locations

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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