PSMA Expression and PSMA PET Imaging in Soft Tissue Sarcomas and Urothelial Cell Carcinomas

L

Leiden University Medical Center (LUMC)

Status

Enrolling

Conditions

Urothelial Carcinoma
Sarcoma,Soft Tissue

Treatments

Diagnostic Test: [18F]-JK-PSMA-7 PET/CT scan

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT05522257
NL78279.058.21

Details and patient eligibility

About

This pilot study aims to investigate the PSMA expression in the biopsy material of advanced soft tissue sarcomas and advanced urothelial cell carcinomas, and in case of high PSMA expression (as defined by previous literature), to investigate whether this correlates with high tracer uptake on PSMA-targeted PET. This way, (a subset of) patients can be selected that could benefit from radionuclide targeted therapy in the future.

Full description

Background: Patients with metastatic soft tissue sarcoma and metastatic urothelial cell carcinoma have a poor prognosis, with a five-year survival rate of 16% and 6%, respectively. This is due to limited treatment options and low response rates to systemic chemotherapy of approximately 25% in soft tissue sarcomas and 40-50% in urothelial cell carcinomas. In these patient groups there is a high need for new effective treatment options that can decrease burden of disease and increase survival benefit. Prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA) is a transmembrane metallopeptidase that is overexpressed in prostate cancer cells. For diagnostic purposes, PET/CT scans that target PSMA have found their way into the clinical routine of prostate cancer patients. However, currently we know that despite the name, PSMA is not prostate cancer specific. It is also found in the tumour-associated blood vessels of a wide variety of other tumours, including soft tissue sarcomas and urothelial cell carcinomas. In many different sarcoma types, PSMA expression is seen in the neovasculature with the highest detection rate of 46-60% in high grade and undifferentiated sarcomas (e.g. pleomorphic sarcoma types). The PSMA expression rate in the neovasculature of urothelial cell carcinomas still varies in literature, however, the most recently published article showed that PSMA expression was found in 93% of urothelial cell carcinoma tissues. Additionally, PSMA expression was seen in the tumour cells itself in 79% of the tissues. Because of the unique expression pattern which seems to be limited to tumour cells and tumour-associated endothelial cells, PSMA may represent an interesting target for molecular imaging using PSMA-targeting PET scans, and eventually for radionuclide targeted therapy, when coupled to an alpha- or beta-emitter. [225Act]-PSMA and [177Lu]-PSMA therapy have shown promising results in the treatment of advanced prostate cancer patients and might offer perspective and increase quality of life in patients with advanced soft tissue sarcoma and urothelial cell carcinoma, as well. Objective of the study: This pilot study aims to investigate the PSMA expression in the biopsy material of advanced soft tissue sarcomas and advanced urothelial cell carcinomas, and in case of high PSMA expression (as defined by previous literature), to investigate whether this correlates with high tracer uptake on PSMA-targeted PET. This way, (a subset of) patients can be selected that could benefit from radionuclide targeted therapy in the future. Study design: This pilot study is a single centre, open-label, non-randomized, non-blinded phase II study with two patient cohorts. Study population: The study population comprises sixty adult patients with diagnosis of advanced (locally irresectable or metastasized) soft tissue sarcoma (cohort 1) and sixty adult patients with diagnosis of advanced (muscle invasive or metastasized) urothelial cell carcinoma (cohort 2). The expected duration of recruitment is 1 year and 9 months. Intervention: In all included patients, biopsy material is obtained as part of routine clinical practice. For this study, immunohistochemical PSMA staining will be performed on these biopsy materials. If the biopsy material shows high PSMA expression (as defined by previous literature), a [18F]-JK-PSMA-7 PET/CT scan will be made to assess the level of tracer uptake in the malignant lesion(s). We expect to make a [18F]-JK-PSMA-7 PET/CT scan in 15 out of 60 patients in each cohort.

Enrollment

120 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Age >/= 18 years at the time of informed consent.
  • Diagnosis of advanced (locally irresectable or metastasized) soft tissue sarcoma (cohort 1) or advanced (muscle invasive or metastasized) urothelial cell carcinoma (cohort 2).
  • Voluntary agreement to provide written informed consent and the willingness and ability to comply with all aspects of the protocol.
  • Recent (< 8 weeks) standard imaging (with CT or [18F]-FDG PET/CT) with measurable disease (lesion diameter > 1 cm).
  • Biopsy available of primary tumour and/or metastasis
  • WHO performance status of 0-2

Either:

  • No previous systemic therapy for advanced soft tissue sarcoma or advanced urothelial cell carcinoma, or;
  • Previous systemic therapy for advanced soft tissue sarcoma or advanced urothelial cell carcinoma with progression of disease during systemic therapy or progression of disease after discontinuation of systemic therapy, or;
  • Previous systemic therapy for advanced soft tissue sarcoma or advanced urothelial cell carcinoma with partial response or stable disease, where the last dose of systemic therapy was given > 8 weeks before.

Exclusion criteria

  • Women who are pregnant and/or lactating.
  • Medical or psychiatric conditions that compromise the patient's ability to give informed consent.
  • Known hypersensitivity to drugs comparative to [18F]-JK-PSMA-7, any of their excipients or to any component of [18F]-JK-PSMA-7.
  • Inability to undergo PET/CT scanning, e.g. claustrophobia, weight limits or inability to tolerate lying down for the duration of a PET/CT scan (~30 minutes).

Trial design

Primary purpose

Diagnostic

Allocation

N/A

Interventional model

Single Group Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

120 participants in 1 patient group

Advanced soft tissue sarcoma (n=60) and advanced urothelial cell carcinoma (n=60)
Other group
Description:
The study population comprises sixty adult patients with diagnosis of advanced (locally irresectable or metastasized) soft tissue sarcoma (cohort 1) and sixty adult patients with diagnosis of advanced (muscle invasive or metastasized) urothelial cell carcinoma (cohort 2).
Treatment:
Diagnostic Test: [18F]-JK-PSMA-7 PET/CT scan

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Central trial contact

Fleur Kleiburg, drs.

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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