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Quality of Life in Premenopausal Women With Heavy Menstrual Bleeding

B

Bakirkoy Dr. Sadi Konuk Training and Research Hospital

Status

Completed

Conditions

Heavy Menstrual Bleeding

Study type

Observational

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT03368898
HMBSYMPTOM

Details and patient eligibility

About

Heavy menstrual bleeding or menorrhagia, is a common problem on women's lives and can burden both patients and health care systems. HMB is defined as cyclic heavy vaginal bleeding. Hormonal treatment of heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB) is also endorsed as the first line treatment in several international guidelines. The effects of these therapies on bleeding related quality of life are not well known. The aim of the present study is compare the effect of Estradiol Valerate/Dienogest (E2V/DNG), Levonorgestrel-Intrauterine Device (LNG-IUD) and oral micronized progesterone treatment on bleeding pattern, cycle control, menopausal symptoms and patient satisfaction of women with HMB.

Full description

Women who were admitted and treated for HMB were asked to participate in this comparative study. Women were eligible for entry if they had self-described heavy menstrual bleeding, had a regular cycle, had completed their family and were 40-50 years old at initial assessment.

After a thorough physical examination and ultrasonographic evaluation, all women underwent endometrial biopsy before the study by using a Pipelle endometrial suction curette to rule out any organic endometrial pathology. Blood samples were analysed to test for hemoglobin (Hb), hematocrit (Hct), ferritin, serum iron and iron-binding capacity and coagulation tests such as prothrombin time and activated partial thromboplastin time.

The study was approved by the Institutional Review Board and Local Ethics Committee. After they gave written informed consent, patients who fulfilled eligibility criteria were recruited to one of the following 3 groups:

Group 1: Women who were treated with estradiol valerate/dienogest regimen for heavy menstrual bleeding. 28 days of E2V/DNG was administered using a dynamic dosing regimen. (E2V 3 mg on days 1-2, E2V 2 mg/DNG 2 mg on days 3-7, E2V 2 mg/DNG 3 mg on days 8-24, E2V 1 mg on days 25-26 and placebo on days 27-28).

Group 2: Women who were treated with LNG-IUD for heavy menstrual bleeding. LNG-IUD is containing 52 mg levonorgestrel at initial placement and releases 20 microgram levonorgestrel per day. This is approved for 5 years of use by the US FDA for treatment of HMB.

Group 3: Women who were treated with oral Micronized Progesterone 200 mg for heavy menstrual bleeding. Cyclic, luteal-phase administration of progestin remained a widely used but little research treatment strategy for HMB for several decades.

None of the recruited patients were not prescribed oral iron preparations and patients who were symptomatic because of anemia (hb<10 mg/dl) were excluded.

Baseline characteristics of women are age (years), body mass index, parity, current smoker, days of bleeding, length of cycle (days), number of days of heavy bleeding, number of days of painful bleeding, unable to leave house on heaviest days, number of days housebound, number of nights disturbed, Pictorial Bleeding Assessment Chart (PBAC) score (A monthly score of 100 or more on this chart is significantly associated with heavy menstrual bleeding of more than 80 ml per cycle, as measured by the alkaline haematin method), endometrial thickness at time of treatment (mm), uterine size (length x width).

The Exclusion criteria are

ultrasound abnormalities (submucosal fibroids, intramural fibroids greater than 3 cm in diameter, large subserosal fibroids, endometrial polyps); laboratory abnormalities (follicle stimulating hormone level higher than 40 iu/l, adverse endometrial histology) hysteroscopic abnormalities (submucosal fibroids, endometrial polyps), incidental adnexal abnormality on ultrasound, severe intermenstrual bleeding, severe dysmenorrhoea, severe premenstrual pain, chronic pelvic pain, medical contraindications to either study treatment, previous endometrial ablation or resection, uninvestigated postcoital bleeding untreated abnormal cervical cytology. pregnancy; lactation; occurrence of <3 menstrual cycles following childbirth, abortion or lactation; current use of an intrauterine device; hypersensitivity to any of the study drug ingredients and known or suspected malignant or premalignant disease. systemic diseases like hypertension, diabetes, thyroid diseases or coronary artery diseases; and history of previous medication for menorrhagia using anticoagulant drugs

Women who were recruited the study will be assessed at 1,3 and 6 months with Hot Flush Rating Scale (HFRS), Menopause Rating Scale (MRS), menorrhagia multi-attribute scale (MM-AS), pictorial bleeding assessment chart and blood sample analysis.

The primary outcomes assessed

Hot flush rating scale: Measures included the HFRS, a self-report measure of frequency and problem rating of Hot Flushes/Night Sweats over the past week. Problem rating is calculated as the mean of the scores on three ten-point scales assessing the extent to which Hot Flushes/Night Sweats are problematic, distressing and causing interference in daily life. Scores for the problem rating range between 1 and 10, with higher scores indicating more problematic Hot Flushes/Night Sweats. The HFRS has been found to have reasonable test-retest reliability and good concurrent validity. Menopause rating scale: The Menopause Rating Scale (MRS) is a questionnaire that assesses the presence and intensity of 11 menopausal symptoms. These are grouped into three subscales: the somatic subscale: assessing hot flushes/sweating, heart discomfort, sleeping problems, and muscle and joint discomfort (items 1-3 and 4 respectively); the psychological subscale: assessing depressive mood, irritability, anxiety, and physical and mental exhaustion (items 4-7 respectively); and the urogenital subscale: assessing sexual problems, bladder problems and vaginal dryness (items 8- 10, respectively). Each of the 11 items can be rated by the participant from 0 (not present) to 4 (1 ¼ mild, 2 ¼ moderate, 3 ¼ severe and 4 ¼ very severe). The scores obtained for each individual item are summed to provide the corresponding total subscale score. The sum of subscales scores provide the total MRS score. Higher scores are indicative of more severe symptoms. Indeed values above 8 (somatic), 6 (psychological), 3 (urogenital) and 16 (total MRS) were defined as severe.

The secondary outcomes assessed

Quality of life as measured by menorrhagia multi-attribute scale: which is designed to measure the effect of menorrhagia on six domains of daily life (practical difficulties, social life, psychological health, physical health, work and daily routine, and family life and relationships). Summary scores, which range from 0 (severely affected) to 100 (not affected) Menstruation, by pictorial bleeding assessment chart Haemoglobin levels were also measured at pre-treatment,1, 3 and 6 months. Adverse event (Breast pain, Headache, Acne, Alopecia, Migraine, Increase in body weight…)

Enrollment

104 patients

Sex

Female

Ages

40 to 50 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • women who self described heavy menstrual bleeding
  • women who completed their family
  • have cyclic menstruation
  • 40 to 50 years old

Exclusion criteria

  1. ultrasound abnormalities (submucosal fibroids, intramural fibroids greater than 3 cm in diameter, large subserosal fibroids, endometrial polyps);
  2. laboratory abnormalities (follicle-stimulating hormone level higher than 40 iu/l, adverse endometrial histology)
  3. hysteroscopic abnormalities (submucosal fibroids, endometrial polyps),
  4. incidental adnexal abnormality on ultrasound,
  5. severe intermenstrual bleeding, severe dysmenorrhoea, severe premenstrual pain, chronic pelvic pain,
  6. medical contraindications to either study treatment,
  7. previous endometrial ablation or resection,
  8. uninvestigated postcoital bleeding
  9. untreated abnormal cervical cytology.
  10. pregnancy; lactation; occurrence of <3 menstrual cycles following childbirth, abortion or lactation;
  11. current use of an intrauterine device; hypersensitivity to any of the study drug ingredients and known or suspected malignant or premalignant disease.
  12. systemic diseases like hypertension, diabetes, thyroid diseases or coronary artery diseases; and history of previous medication for menorrhagia
  13. using anticoagulant drugs

Trial design

104 participants in 3 patient groups

Estradiol valerate
Description:
Women who were treated with E2V for HMB for 3 months.
LNG-IUD
Description:
Women who were treated with LNG-IUD for HMB for 4 years.
Micronized Progesterone
Description:
Women who were treated with Micronized Progesterone for HMB for 3 months.

Trial documents
1

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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