Quantitative Mass Transfer of SFP-iron From Dialysate to Blood in CKD-HD Patients

R

Rockwell Medical

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 2
Phase 1

Conditions

Kidney Failure

Treatments

Drug: Soluble Ferric Pyrophosphate
Other: Placebo

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Industry

Identifiers

NCT01894906
RMTI-SFP-8

Details and patient eligibility

About

The purpose of this study is to determine the quantity of iron derived from SFP that is transferred from the dialysate to patients during a single dialysis session. The effects of various conditions which may affect the transfer of iron such as blood and dialysate flow rate, changes in bicarbonate delivery, dialyzer membrane type and the effect of reuse will also be investigated. The absorption and removal of iron from the blood will also be investigated.

Full description

A total of 12 subjects on standard 3X/week hemodialysis will be studied in 2 groups (6 subjects per group) 2 primary dialyzer membranes will be studied.: Polyamide Membrane (Gambro Polyflux series: 17R and 21R) Cellulose Triacetate (Baxter CT series: CT-190) Each 1-week treatment cycle will include 3 haemodialysis (HD) sessions per subject, including 2 study treatment-HD sessions and 1 non-treatment-HD session per subject. Treatment-HD sessions will be conducted midweek and end-of-week (i.e. Dialysis days 3 and 5 of each week with a 1 day interdialytic interval) to avoid excessive fluid shifts due to the increased UF needed during the non-treatment HD session (conducted at beginning of the week; HD day 1). Within each group, each subject will be randomized to 1 of 6 treatment sequences. The treatments to be investigated are: Control; new dialyzer, reused dialyzer, low blood flow/dialysate flow, Low bicarbonate concentration and a different synthetic dialyzer membrane (PAES) Blood for a complete serum iron profile over time will be obtained during the new dialyzer (SFP/standard bicarbonate/new dialyzer/ high Qb and Qd) for all subjects. This will necessitate approximately a 24-hour inpatient confinement to obtain blood at specified time intervals after dialysis is completed. Blood for a partial iron profile will be collected during the dialysis sessions at all other dialysis sessions. Each of the 6 enrolled subjects per dialyzer membrane type will be assigned to a different sequence of treatments to help ensure that the treatment sequence does not affect the analysis (Note: the first dialysis sessions of each of the 3 study weeks, i.e. HD1, HD4 and HD7, are non-study related sessions during which no study procedures are performed except for adverse event collection. Patients should not be receiving any of the following medications from screening through the end of the study: Oral iron preparations, including multivitamin supplements containing iron Intravenous iron preparations Doses of ESA's should not be changed from screening to the end of the study.

Enrollment

12 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Adult subject ≥ 18 years of age undergoing chronic hemodialysis for chronic kidney disease (CKD) for at least 3 months, expected to remain on hemodialysis and be able to complete the study.
  • Screening Hgb ≥ 9.5 g/dL.
  • Screening transferrin saturation % (TSAT) ≥ 15% to ≤ 45%.
  • Screening serum ferritin ≥ 200 to ≤ 1200 µg/L.
  • Subject's standard dialyzer membrane is one of the 2 types, i.e. Baxter CT-190 or Gambro 17R or 21R.
  • The subject uses a reprocessed dialyzer for standard HD treatments.
  • Prescribed dialysis 3X/week.
  • Minimally adequate measured dialysis dose defined as URR (urea reduction ratio) ≥ 65%, or single-pool Kt/V (dialyzer clearance of urea multiplied by dialysis time, divided by patient's total body water) ≥ 1.2, or KIDt/V (online dialyzer clearance measured using ionic dialysance multiplied by dialysis time, divided by patients total body water) ≥ 1.2.
  • Stable dialyzer blood flow rate that is generally ≥ 350 mL/min and acceptable to the Investigator.
  • Stable dialysate flow rate that is generally ≥ 600 mL/min and acceptable to the Investigator.
  • Vascular access for dialysis that will be used upon enrollment with stable function in the judgment of the Investigator.
  • Female subjects must be either amenorrheic for ≥ 1 year or agree to not become pregnant by continuous use of an effective birth control method acceptable to the Investigator for the duration of their participation in the study.
  • Must be willing and able to provide written informed consent directly or through their authorized representative.

Exclusion criteria

  • Subject has a living kidney donor identified or living-donor kidney transplant scheduled during study participation. (Note: Patients awaiting deceased-donor transplant need not be excluded.)
  • Vascular access for hemodialysis is a femoral catheter.
  • Known active bleeding from any site other than AV fistula or graft (e.g., gastrointestinal, hemorrhoidal, nasal, pulmonary, etc.).
  • Scheduled surgery during the study.
  • RBC or whole blood transfusion within 4 weeks prior to Screening.
  • Hospitalization in the month prior to Screening (except for vascular access surgery) that, in the opinion of the Investigator, confers a significant risk of hospitalization during the course of this study.
  • Evidence of current malignancy involving a site other than skin (except any melanoma, which renders the patient non-eligible).
  • History of drug or alcohol abuse within the last 6 months.
  • Regularly requiring hemodialysis more than three times per week.
  • Noncompliance with dialysis regimen in the opinion of the Investigator.
  • Pregnancy or intention to become pregnant before completing all study drug treatment.
  • Known ongoing inflammatory disorder (other than CKD), such as systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, or other collagen-vascular disease undergoing a disease flare.
  • Any current febrile illness (e.g., oral temperature > 100.4°F, 38°C). (The patient may subsequently become eligible at least 1 week after resolution of the illness).
  • Known active bacterial, tuberculosis, fungal, viral, or parasitic infection requiring anti-microbial therapy or anticipated to require anti-microbial therapy during the patient's participation in this study.
  • Occult tuberculosis requiring prophylactic treatment with anti-tubercular drug(s) that overlaps with the patient's participation in this study.
  • Known positive status for hepatitis B surface antigen (hepatitis B testing is not required as part of this protocol).
  • Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection (HIV testing is not required as part of this protocol).
  • Cirrhosis of the liver based on histological criteria or clinical criteria (i.e., presence of ascites, esophageal varices, multiple spider nevi, or history of hepatic encephalopathy).
  • Active hepatitis with ALT and/or AST levels consistently greater than twice the upper limit of normal at any time during the two months prior to enrollment.
  • Participation in a study of an investigational drug or device within 30 days prior to randomization in this study.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Crossover Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

12 participants in 2 patient groups, including a placebo group

Control
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
Each subject will receive one control treatment and 5 treatments with SFP added to dialysate. The 5 SFP treatments will encompass 5 different conditions which may impact the intradialytic transfer of iron to the subject: new dialyzer, reused dialyzer, low blood/dialysate flow rate, low machine delivered bicarbonate concentration, and a different synthetic dialysis membrane (PAES).
Treatment:
Other: Placebo
Soluble Ferric Pyrophosphate
Experimental group
Description:
Group/ cohort designation: Cellulose dialysis membrane (CT-190)/ Polyamide membrane. Each subject will receive one control treatment and 5 treatments with SFP added to dialysate. The 5 SFP treatments will encompass 5 different conditions which may impact the intradialytic transfer of iron to the subject: new dialyzer, reused dialyzer, low blood/dialysate flow rate, low machine delivered bicarbonate concentration, and a different synthetic dialysis membrane (PAES).
Treatment:
Drug: Soluble Ferric Pyrophosphate

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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