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Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Prostate Cancer

U

United Kingdom Research and Innovation (UKRI)

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 3

Conditions

Prostate Cancer

Treatments

Biological: gonadotrophin releasing hormone
Radiation: radiation therapy

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT00003290
MRC-RT01
EU-98005
CDR0000066222

Details and patient eligibility

About

RATIONALE: Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. It is not yet known whether standard radiation therapy is more effective than high-dose radiation therapy in treating patients with prostate cancer.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of standard radiation therapy with that of high-dose radiation therapy in treating patients with stage II or stage III prostate cancer.

Full description

OBJECTIVES:

Compare local tumor control in patients with stage II or III prostate cancer treated with neoadjuvant androgen deprivation therapy with standard vs high-dose conformal radiotherapy. Compare the incidence of biochemical failure (prostate-specific antigen (PSA) greater than 2 ng/mL at 6 or more months after initiation of radiotherapy and PSA rising from nadir level by at least 50%), development of metastases, and survival in patients treated with these regimens. Compare the acute and late radiation-induced side effects of these regimens in this patient population. Compare aspects of quality of life, health economics, models of normal tissue, and tumor control in patients treated with these regimens.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to prostate-specific antigen, T stage, and Gleason score. Patients are randomized to one of two treatment arms.

All patients receive neoadjuvant androgen deprivation with luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone agonists every 4 weeks beginning 3-6 months before initiation of radiotherapy and continuing until completion of radiotherapy.

Arm I: Patients undergo standard conformal radiotherapy for 6.5 weeks. Arm II: Patients undergo high-dose conformal radiotherapy for 7.5 weeks. Quality of life is assessed at baseline, every 6 months for 2 years, and then annually thereafter.

Patients are followed every 6 months for 2 years and then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 800 patients will be accrued for this study.

Enrollment

800 estimated patients

Sex

Male

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically confirmed prostate cancer

    • T1b-T3a, N0, M0 (stage II or III)
  • Prostate-specific antigen at least 50 ng/mL

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age:

  • Not specified

Performance status:

  • WHO 0-1

Life expectancy:

  • Not specified

Hematopoietic:

  • WBC greater than 4,000/mm^3
  • Platelet count greater than 100,000/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin greater than 11 g/dL

Hepatic:

  • Not specified

Renal:

  • Not specified

Other:

  • No significant past medical history that would preclude radical radiotherapy
  • No condition that would preclude standard radiotherapy
  • No hip prosthesis

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy:

  • Not specified

Chemotherapy:

  • Not specified

Endocrine therapy:

  • No prior androgen deprivation therapy

Radiotherapy:

  • No prior pelvic radiotherapy

Surgery:

  • No prior radical prostatectomy

Trial contacts and locations

19

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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