Radiotherapy and Durvalumab/Durvalumab Combo (Tremelimumab/Olaparid) for Small Cell Lung Cancer

H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute logo

H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute

Status and phase

Active, not recruiting
Phase 1

Conditions

Small-cell Lung Cancer
Small Cell Lung Cancer Extensive Stage

Treatments

Drug: Tremelimumab
Drug: Olaparib Pill
Drug: Durvalumab
Radiation: Thoracic Radiotherapy

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other
Industry

Identifiers

NCT03923270
MCC-19942

Details and patient eligibility

About

This is a randomized multi-arm trial evaluating the safety and efficacy of thoracic radiation therapy followed by either durvalumab as monotherapy or in combination with tremelimumab or olaparib in participants with Extensive-Stage Disease Small Cell Lung Cancer (ES-SCLC) who have completed a first-line platinum-based chemotherapy regimen and achieved ongoing complete response (CR), partial response (PR) or stable disease (SD).

Enrollment

25 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Signed informed consent
  • Body weight greater than 30 kg
  • Participants must be willing and able to comply with scheduled visits, treatment schedule, laboratory tests and other requirements of the study.
  • Participants must have small cell lung cancer, documented by histology or cytology from brushing, washing, fine needle aspiration or core biopsy from a defined lesion, but not from sputum cytology alone. No mixed histologies allowed.
  • Participants must be presented at initial diagnosis with extensive-stage disease (ES-SCLC).
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance status 0 or 1.
  • Participants must have received 4-6 cycles of platinum-based first-line chemotherapy and must have an ongoing complete response (CR), partial response (PR), or stable disease (SD) after completion. Acceptable combinations (NCCN guidelines), include cisplatin or carboplatin with etoposide or irinotecan. As an exception to the above criterion, participants receiving only 3 cycles of chemotherapy due to toxicity are eligible, if they have an ongoing PR or CR after the 3rd cycle. Participants who have received > 6 cycles of platinum-based first-line chemotherapy are not eligible. Participants receiving checkpoint inhibitor (CPI) monotherapy (anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, others) as part of their first line chemotherapy treatment will be eligible as long as they discontinue the CPI prior to the start of thoracic radiotherapy.
  • Participants must initiate study treatment with thoracic XRT ≤ 60 days from the last dose of platinum- based first line chemotherapy;
  • Whenever possible, a formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tumor tissue block or 5-10 unstained slides of tumor sample (archival) should be made available (less material is acceptable);
  • Participants must have a life expectancy of 16 weeks or more.
  • Active infection including: tuberculosis, hepatitis B (known positive hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) result) and/or, hepatitis C. Patients with a past or resolved hepatitis B infection (defined as the presence of hepatitis B core antibody [anti-HBc] and absence of HBsAg) are eligible. Patients positive for hepatitis C (HCV) antibody are eligible only if polymerase chain reaction is negative for HCV RNA (indicating no current infection).
  • Known positive test for human immunodeficiency virus (positive HIV 1/2 antibodies) or known medical history of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)
  • Adequate bone marrow function measured within 28 days prior to administration of study as defined per protocol.
  • Adequate rental function as defined per protocol.
  • Adequate hepatic function as defined per protocol
  • Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) patients or male patients who are sexually active with WOCBP and female partners of male participants must agree to follow instructions of "highly effective methods of contraception) per protocol for duration of treatment with study drug(s) plus the specified washout period.
  • Male participants must be willing to refrain from sperm donation during the study and for at least 180 days after the last dose of durvalumab combination therapy, 90 days after the last dose of durvalumab or olaparib monotherapy.

Exclusion criteria

  • Participants with previous brain metastases are eligible provided that they are treated, are asymptomatic, and have stable disease at the screening tumor assessment. A ≥ 2 week disease stable interval as confirmed by MRI or CT brain w/ contrast (Table 7.4-2) is required after treatment of brain metastases before initiation of thoracic XRT. In addition, subjects must have been either off corticosteroids, or on a stable or decreasing dose of ≤10 mg daily prednisone (or equivalent).
  • Participants who have received prior thoracic XRT are excluded.
  • Participants with Carcinomatous meningitis
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding women
  • Active or prior documented autoimmune or inflammatory disorders (including inflammatory bowel disease, systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, Wegener syndrome and hypophysitis or uveitis. Patients with an autoimmune paraneoplastic syndrome requiring concurrent immunosuppressive treatment are excluded. Patients with type I diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism only requiring hormone replacement, skin disorders (such as vitiligo, psoriasis, or alopecia) not requiring systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger are permitted to enroll
  • Participants with a condition requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (> 10 mg daily prednisone equivalent) or other immunosuppressive medications within 14 days of study treatment (excluding thoracic radiotherapy). Some exceptions apply.
  • Prior CPI therapy with anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, anti-PD-L2, anti-CD137, or anti-CTLA-4 antibody (including any other antibody or drug specifically targeting T cell co-stimulation or checkpoint pathways). Exception: CPI use with first line chemotherapy that is stopped prior to trial enrollment.
  • Participants who have received any previous treatment with a Poly ADP Ribose Polymerase (PARP) inhibitor, including olaparib
  • Interstitial lung disease (ILD): Any evidence of current ILD or pneumonitis or a prior history of ILD or pneumonitis requiring oral or IV glucocorticoids.
  • Previous malignancies unless a complete control (no evidence of disease) was achieved ≥ 2 years prior to study entry AND no additional therapy is required during the study period (EXCEPT: adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer, curatively treated in situ cancer and stage 1, grade 1 endometrial cancer).
  • Participants with a known medical condition that, in the investigator's opinion, would increase the risk associated with study participation or study drug(s) administration or interfere with the interpretation of safety results.
  • Major surgery or significant traumatic injury that is not recovered at least 14 days before the initiation of thoracic radiation therapy
  • All toxicities attributed to prior anti-cancer therapy must have been resolved to Grade 1 (NCI CTCAE Version 5.0) or baseline before administration of study drug(s). Some exceptions apply.
  • Known allergy or hypersensitivity to any of the study drugs or any of the study drug excipients.
  • Patients with known contraindications to radiotherapy, including inherited syndromes associated with hypersensitivity to ionizing radiation (e.g., Ataxia-Telangiectasia, Nijmegen Breakage Syndrome).
  • History of allergy or hypersensitivity to any of the study drugs or study drug components

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Non-Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

25 participants in 4 patient groups

Thoracic Radiotherapy plus Durvalumab
No Intervention group
Description:
This Arm is a standard of care Arm. Patients will receive thoracic radiotherapy (30 Gray units total, 3 Gray units X 10 fractions), then in 2-3 weeks begin 1500 mg intravenously of Durvalumab every 4 weeks for up to 13 doses
Thoracic Radiotherapy plus Durvalumab and 75mg Tremelimumab
Experimental group
Description:
Patients will receive thoracic radiotherapy (30 Gray units total, 3 Gray units X 10 fractions), then in 2-3 weeks begin 1500 mg intravenously of Durvalumab every 4 weeks for up to 4 doses and 75mg intravenously of Tremelimumab every 4 weeks for up to 4 doses
Treatment:
Radiation: Thoracic Radiotherapy
Drug: Durvalumab
Drug: Tremelimumab
Thoracic Radiotherapy plus Durvalumab and Olaparib
Experimental group
Description:
Patients will receive thoracic radiotherapy (30 Gray units total, 3 Gray units X 10 fractions), then in 2-3 weeks begin 1500 mg intravenously of Durvalumab every 4 weeks and 300 mg orally of Olaparib twice a day
Treatment:
Radiation: Thoracic Radiotherapy
Drug: Durvalumab
Drug: Olaparib Pill
Thoracic Radiotherapy plus Durvalumab and 300mg Tremelimumab
Experimental group
Description:
Patients will receive thoracic radiotherapy (30 Gray units total, 3 Gray units X 10 fractions), then in 2-3 weeks begin 1500 mg intravenously of Durvalumab every 4 weeks and 300 mg Tremelimumab IV x 1 (single dose)
Treatment:
Radiation: Thoracic Radiotherapy
Drug: Durvalumab
Drug: Tremelimumab

Trial contacts and locations

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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