Randomized Clinical Trial for the Treatment of Osteonecrosis of the Femoral Head (AVN-13)

I

Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 3

Conditions

Osteonecrosis

Treatments

Procedure: core decompression

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT01892514
AVN-13

Details and patient eligibility

About

Femoral head avascular necrosis is a relatively common disease (10,000 - 20,000 yearly new United States of America cases) characterized by ischemic cell necrosis in a hip proximal epiphysis area frequently requiring total Hip Arthroplasty (THA). Even though THA resolves symptoms and restores good joint function, young patients are prone to major disabilities and require prosthesis revision surgeries. In this clinical trial a comparison between two groups of patients, treated with the same procedure but with two different regenerative techniques, will be performed: 52 patients with necrosis in an early stage, without deformity of the femoral epiphysis (stage 2A-B-C in Association for Research on Osseous Circulation (ARCO) classification, will undergo wide decompression of the necrotic area and reconstruction with homologous Lyophilized Bone Chips (LBC), growth factors from platelet concentrate Platelet-Rich Fibrin (PRF) and Concentrated Bone Marrow (CBM). 52 patients with necrosis of similar features, without deformity of the femoral epiphysis, will undergo wide decompression of the necrotic area and reconstruction with Demineralized Bone Matrix (DBM), growth factors from Platelet-Rich-Fibrin (PRF) and Concentrated Bone Marrow (CBM). Patients will be evaluated post-surgery at 6 weeks, 3, 6, 12, and 24 months to assess joint damage evolution by ARCO classification, and hip function by clinical scores (Harris Hip Score (HHS), Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC) Score, and Visual Analogic Scale (VAS)).

Full description

Rationale. In vitro study and animal models have shown that Mesenchymal Stromal Cells (MSC) have the capacity to differentiate into osteoblastic lineage and that platelet reach fibrin can represent a clinical source of growth factors, able to accelerate the processes of tissue repair. This study intend to highlight how these factors, associated to two different preparations of bone allograft, may accelerate the formation of new host bone in patients with osteonecrosis of the femoral head that represents a common condition in clinical practice with an high socio-economic impact. Primary objective of the study is to delay or avoid total hip replacement in patients with early necrosis of the femoral head, using different methods of regenerative medicine. Secondary end points are described below: To assess differences in outcome related to features, etiology and localization of the necrosis of the femoral head and to assess variation in post-operative return to daily activities. To characterize the osteogenetic and angiogenic potential of marrow-derived Mesenchymal Stromal Cells (MSC) in patients with avascular necrosis of the femoral head, and to correlate these features with medical history and clinical outcome.

Enrollment

104 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 60 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Patients with necrosis of the femoral head without fracture of the subchondral bone and without flattening of the head itself (according to ARCO classification 2A, B, C).
  • Age between 18 and 60 years.
  • Any etiology
  • Patients who had undergone a previous orthopaedic treatment for traumatology interventions

Exclusion criteria

  • Patients under the age of 18 years or more than 60 years.
  • Patients not able to provide informed consent to treatment.
  • Patients suffering from apparent local infective processes.
  • Patients with active neoplastic diseases.
  • Patients with necrosis of the femoral head of advanced stages (ARCO 3A, B, C, 4).
  • Pregnant patients

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Double Blind

104 participants in 2 patient groups

Demineralized Bone Marrow (DBM)
Experimental group
Description:
core decompression of necrotic area and graft with a biological product based on Demineralized Bone Matrix (DBM), Platelet-Rich-Fibrin (PRF) and Concentrated Bone Marrow (CBM)
Treatment:
Procedure: core decompression
Lyophilized Bone Chips (LBC)
Experimental group
Description:
core decompression of the necrotic area and graft with a biological product based on homologous Lyophilized Bone Chips (LBC), Platelet-Rich Fibrin (PRF) and Concentrated Bone Marrow (CBM)
Treatment:
Procedure: core decompression

Trial contacts and locations

3

Loading...

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

Clinical trials

Find clinical trialsTrials by location
© Copyright 2024 Veeva Systems