Randomized Controlled Trial of Effects of Physician's Medication Reviews on Prescribing in Older Hip Fracture Patients

S

Sahlgrenska University Hospital

Status

Completed

Conditions

Hip Fracture

Treatments

Other: Medication review

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT01627483
095-09 (Other Identifier)
SUCPGMHip-09

Details and patient eligibility

About

The aim of this study is to investigate if prescribing of fall-risk increasing and fracture-preventing drugs can be improved in older hip fracture patients by assessments of risks of falls and fractures and medication reviews performed by a physician and forwarded to prescribing physicians.

Full description

The patients will be recruited postsurgery. They will be randomly allocated to an intervention or a control group (1:1). Sequentially numbered, opaque, sealed envelopes will be opened sequentially after participant details are written on the envelope. Carbon paper inside the envelope will transfer the information to the assignment card. Two persons not involved in the study and without knowledge about the study protocol will perform the randomization procedure. The patient will not be informed about the result of randomization. Intervention By a short interview and/or extraction of information from the medical records comprehensive assessments of the risk of falls and the risk of fractures. Thereafter a medication review focusing on fall-risk-increasing and fracture-preventing drugs will be performed. The results of the assessments and the medication review will be forwarded orally and in written to the prescribing physicians. The recipients will be the physician at the ward during inhospital care and the general practitioner at three and six months after the surgery. Data collection Prescribing of drugs Data will be obtained from the medical records of Sahlgrenska University Hospital, the medical records of the general practitioner, the multi-dose drug dispensing list, if any, and the Swedish Prescribed Drugs Register (Läkemedelsförteckningen). Patient data Information on the patients during the hospital stay and the follow-up period will be obtained from the medical records of the hospital, the medical records of the general practitioner, the Swedish National Hip Fracture Register (RIKSHÖFT), and from the health care database in the Region of Västra Götaland. Data on other medical care contacts due to a fall accident will be obtained from the care database in the Western Region (VEGA database). Additionally, data on diagnoses will be obtained from the National Patient Register (Patientregistret). For deceased patients, data from the Cause of Death Register (Dödsorsaksregistret) will be obtained. Physicians attitudes A short questionnaire will be administered to the physicians at the hospital and the general practitioners. The questionnaire will be answered anonymously and will include questions on attitudes towards the intervention and its usefulness. A reminder will be administered two weeks later. Power calculation The study has a power of >80% to detect a 50% rise in the prescribing of fracture-preventing drugs in the intervention group, a doubling in bisphosphonates or other bone specific drugs and a reduction of 15% in the mean (SD) number of fall-risk increasing drugs. Power calculations were based on the assumption that drug treatment in the control group was improved by 30% for all fracture-preventing drugs and 60% for bisphosphonates when compared with the study performed in 2008.

Enrollment

200 patients

Sex

All

Ages

65+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • hip fracture surgery at Sahlgrenska University Hospital/Mölndal
  • aged 65 years and over
  • residing in the Gothenburg area

Exclusion criteria

  • own opposition to participation
  • if not able to give informed consent, opposition to participation by next of kin

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Single Blind

200 participants in 2 patient groups

Medication review
Experimental group
Description:
Assessment of risks of falls and fractures, medication review
Treatment:
Other: Medication review
Controll
No Intervention group
Treatment:
Other: Medication review

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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