Randomized Evaluation of Intracoronary Transplantation of Bone Marrow Stem Cells in Myocardial Infarction (REVITALIZE)

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Cedars-Sinai Medical Center

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 1

Conditions

Myocardial Infarction

Treatments

Drug: Intracoronary Transplantation of Bone Marrow Stem Cells

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT00874354
4441

Details and patient eligibility

About

This research is being done because currently there is no effective way in regenerating or replacing the heart muscle that has been damaged after a heart attack. The purpose of this study is to test whether injecting cells obtained from the patient's bone marrow into the coronary artery can regenerate and replace heart tissue to strengthen heart and prevent heart from dilating and developing heart failure.

Full description

The main objective of this study is to investigate the safety and clinical outcome of intracoronary infusion of autologous bone marrow cells in patients with myocardial infarction (MI). We hypothesize that patients treated with stem cell therapy will have beneficial effects on left ventricular (LV) remodeling and functional regeneration after MI and successful primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in setting of prospective randomized controlled trial. Congestive heart failure (CHF), which is most commonly caused by acute myocardial infarction (AMI), is the most frequent cause of hospitalization in the United States in patients over the age of 65. Although current pharmacotherapy can inhibit neurohormonal activation, this falls short in preventing LV remodeling and the development of CHF. Stem cells are undifferentiated pluripotent cells that can be obtained from the patient and have the potential to proliferate and differentiation into cardiomyocytes. The majority of the data on stem cell transplantation comes from preclinical animal studies. Although the results are interesting and perhaps safe, early phase I clinical studies are small and are very preliminary. Data from large, randomized controlled trials are needed to clarify the short and long term effects of cellular cardiomyoplasty.

Enrollment

27 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 80 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Patients with acute myocardial infarction (ST elevation in at least 2 leads ≥ 0.2 mV in V1,V2 or V3 or ≥ 0.1 mV in other leads), treated by one of the following procedures:

    • Acute PCI with stent implantation for acute ST elevation MI for either denovo lesions or in-stent thrombosis
    • Treatment with thrombolysis followed by PCI with stent implantation.
  • Acute PCI / stent implantation has been successful (residual stenosis visually < 30% and TIMI flow ≥ 2).

  • At the time of inclusion (≥ 1 day post PCI) patient does no longer require i.v. catecholamines or mechanical hemodynamic support (aortic balloon pump)

  • Significant regional wall motion abnormality on echocardiography at the time of acute PCI (ejection fraction ≤ 50% on visual estimation).

  • Maximal cardiac troponin elevation ≥ 4 (measured at 37° C)

  • Age 18 - 80 Years

  • Written informed consent

Exclusion criteria

  • Regional wall motion abnormality outside the area involved in the index acute myocardial infarction.
  • Need to acutely revascularize additional vessels, outside the infarct artery.
  • Arteriovenous malformations or aneurysms
  • Active infection or fever or diarrhea within last 4 weeks.
  • Chronic inflammatory disease
  • HIV infection or active hepatitis
  • Neoplastic disease without documented remission within the past 5 years.
  • Cerebrovascular insult within 3 months
  • Impaired renal function (creatinine > 2 mg/dl) at the time of cell therapy
  • Significant liver disease (GOT > 2x upper limit) or spontaneous INR > 1.5)
  • Anemia (hemoglobin < 8.5 g/dl)
  • Platelet count < 100,000/µl
  • Hypersplenism
  • History of bleeding disorder
  • Gastrointestinal bleeding within 3 months
  • Major surgical procedure or trauma within 2 months
  • Uncontrolled hypertension
  • Pregnancy
  • Mental retardation
  • Previously performed stem / mononuclear cell therapy
  • Participation in another clinical trial within the last 30 days

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

N/A

Interventional model

Single Group Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

27 participants in 1 patient group

Autologous bone marrow stem cells
Experimental group
Description:
Patients within 3 to 14 days from percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and stent implantation for Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) will receive either 50 cc's or 100 cc's of autologous bone marrow mononuclear cells through an intracoronary tranplantation of stem cells into the infarct-related coronary artery.
Treatment:
Drug: Intracoronary Transplantation of Bone Marrow Stem Cells

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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