Reduced Side-Effects Of Photodynamic Therapy For The Treatment Of Moderate To Severe Acne (i-PDT)

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Mass General Brigham

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 1

Conditions

Acne Vulgaris

Treatments

Device: Blue light only
Drug: 20 % Aminolevulinic Acid
Device: Red light only

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT01689935
2009-P-002352

Details and patient eligibility

About

This research study aims to compare different methods for helping difficult to treat or scarring (cystic) acne, ALA-PDT and i-PDT. There is an investigational procedure called photodynamic therapy (ALA-PDT) that has been reported to be very efficient for acne treatment since 2000. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) uses a drug called ALA (aminolevulinic acid), which is marketed as Levulan®. Levulan® is applied directly to facial/back acne. This is the way that it is usually applied. Levulan® is left on the skin for three hours so the skin can absorb it. Next, the skin where the Levulan® was applied is exposed to a red light for activation. The sebaceous glands get obstructed and inflamed causing acne. ALA gets down under your skin through the skin pores to where the glands are. PDT destroys the glands reducing the acne lesion. Levulan® is absorbed by normal skin surrounding the oil glands. Therefore, this procedure also has some side effects. Some of the side effects include pain, burning sensation during the procedure, and redness, tenderness, and swelling after the procedure. At Massachusetts General Hospital's Wellman Center for Photomedicine, the investigators developed another procedure called inhibitory-PDT (i-PDT) that is similar to ALA-PDT. i-PDT is aimed at reducing the side-effects of ALA- PDT. The difference between these two procedures is that i-PDT uses a light source that will prevent Levulan® accumulation in the normal skin surface. The investigators would like to find out if Levulan® will be placed only inside the sebaceous glands.

Full description

This is a pilot study to compare efficacy and side effects i-PDT and ALA-PDT. All subjects will receive ALA-PDT and i-PDT. Face or back regions will be divided into two sides, the right and left. One half of the face or back will receive ALA-PDT and the other half will receive i-PDT. For subjects with back acne, red light and blue light alone will be applied for comparison. Healthy subjects with difficult to treat moderate or severe acne on the face or back are eligible to enroll. The investigators will enroll about 35 patients at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) with follow-ups 1, 3 and 6 months after treatment.

Enrollment

35 patients

Sex

All

Ages

14 to 50 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Inclusion criteria

  1. Subjects with ages between 14 and 50 years, male or female.

  2. Subjects with severe acne lesions (one or more nodules or cysts present) on their backs or face

  3. Presence of moderate acne on the back and/or face that has been recalcitrant to previous treatments. Recalcitrant acne is acne with no or mild/temporary (less than 3 months) improvement after using:

    • Accutane® for at least one completed treatment cycle, and/or
    • Oral antibiotic for ≥ 3 months; and/or
    • Topical prescription retinoids (tretinoin - retinoic acid, adapalene, tazarotene or other derivatives) for ≥ 3 months, and/or
    • Topical benzoyl peroxide 2.5% or higher concentrations for ≥ 3 months
    • Hormonal treatments** for ≥ 3 months.
  4. Willingness to participate in the study

  5. Willingness to receive ALA-PDT treatment

  6. Informed consent agreement signed by the subject

  7. Willingness to follow the treatment schedule and post treatment care requirements

  8. Willingness to not use topical or systemic (oral) anti-acne medications including medicated shampoo or soap during the study period.

Exclusion criteria

  1. Subjects receiving concurrent oral retinoids or antibiotics

    ** Subjects with chronic use of antibiotics may be included if proven that its use has not changed the severity of their acne. AND

    *** Chronic use of antibiotic is considered ≥ 2 years of continuous use.

  2. Scarring or infection of the area to be treated

  3. Known photosensitivity

  4. Presence of suntan in the area to be treated

  5. Subjects who have taken medication known to induce photosensitivity in the previous 3 months

  6. Subjects who have had prior oral retinoid (Accutane®) use within 6 months of entering the study

  7. Prior oral antibiotic use within 1 month of entering the study (see exclusion #1)

  8. Topical antibiotic or other topical anti-acne treatments use within 2 weeks of entering the study

  9. Known anticoagulation or thromboembolic condition

  10. Subjects who are immunosuppressed

  11. Subject is unable to comply with treatment, home care or follow-up visits

  12. Subject is pregnant or breast feeding

  13. Subject has a history of being on photosensitive medications (thiazides [used to treat high blood pressure], tetracyclines, fluoroquinolones griseofulvin or sulfonamides [used to treat infections], sulfonylureas [used to treat diabetes], calcium channel blockers [used to treat hypertension]. phenothiazines [used to treat serious emotional problems]).

  14. Known skin sensitivity to blue light

  15. Porphyria (a disorder of the metabolism that can lead to sensitivity to light)

  16. Allergies to chemicals called porphyrins

  17. Subjects who started hormonal treatment (for medical conditions or birth control) within less than 3 months.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Quadruple Blind

35 participants in 5 patient groups

Control
No Intervention group
Description:
No drug, no treatment
ALA-PDT
Active Comparator group
Description:
Drug- topical 20% Aminolevulinic acid - ALA followed by red light irradiation - conventional photodynamic therapy -PDT
Treatment:
Drug: 20 % Aminolevulinic Acid
i-PDT
Experimental group
Description:
Drug - topical 20% Aminolevulinic acid - followed by inhibitory light during incubation time, then red light for photodynamic therapy
Treatment:
Drug: 20 % Aminolevulinic Acid
Device: Blue light only
Red Light only
Active Comparator group
Description:
Red light only - no drug
Treatment:
Device: Red light only
Blue light only
Active Comparator group
Description:
Blue light only - no drug
Treatment:
Device: Blue light only

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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