Reduction of Plasma Free VEGF-A Using Low-dose Bevacizumab in Hemodialysis Patients

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Mayo Clinic

Status and phase

Withdrawn
Early Phase 1

Conditions

End Stage Renal Disease
Hemodialysis Vascular Access Failure

Treatments

Drug: 1.25mg bevacizumab
Drug: 2.50mg bevacizumab

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT02695641
15-007414

Details and patient eligibility

About

The primary purpose of this pilot study is to assess the pharmacokinetic profile of low-dose bevacizumab and its effectiveness in reducing plasma free VEGF-A levels safely in hemodialysis patients. This information will be used to plan a phase 1 clinical trial evaluating bevacizumab's role in hemodialysis vascular access failure.

Full description

It has been found that hemodialysis arteriovenous fistula failure is partly mediated through a VEGF pathway. The administration of bevacizumab (a VEGF-A monoclonal antibody) in arteriovenous fistula (AVF) murine models at a dose of 5mg/kg (a standard chemotherapeutic dose) has shown a significant reduction in stenosis formation and an overall improvement in vascular remolding. However, previous pharmacokinetic human studies have shown that bevacizumab administered at a low dose of 1.25mg intravitreally (ocular neovascularization patients) is sufficient enough to suppress circulating VEGF-A levels up to 30 days post administration. A chart review on 14 hemodialysis patients receiving an arteriovenous access and intravitreal bevacizumab has demonstrated a significant improvement in patency (HR: 0.45, p-value: 0.037) when compared to controls. Prior to a phase 1 trial, it is essential to determine if intravenous administration of bevacizumab demonstrates the same pharmacokinetics and bio-response profile as intravitreal administration, and to determine the optimal dose and frequency. This phase 0 study will be conducted in 10 existing hemodialysis patients at a dose of 1.25mg with a potential dose escalation to 2.5mg if optimal results are not seen. The findings from this study can have a substantial clinical impact not only in ESRD patients but also in patients receiving other vascular or endovascular procedures.

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 85 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Inclusion Criteria

  • Patients between 18 and 85 years old, inclusive
  • Patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD) who are currently undergoing hemodialysis treatment through an upper extremity fistula
  • Hemoglobin ≥8g/dL and platelet count ≥100,000/mm3 prior to Day 1
  • Adequate liver function, defined as serum bilirubin ≤1.5 mg/dL; gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT), and alkaline phosphatase ≤2x upper limit of normal or international normalized ratio (INR) ≤ 1.5 prior to Day 0 or INR ≤ 2 if on anticoagulant therapy.
  • Ability to communicate meaningfully with investigative staff, competence to give written informed consent, and ability to comply with entire study procedures
  • If female and of childbearing years, must have a negative serum pregnancy test at the screening visit (Visit 1). Both female patients of childbearing potential and male patients with childbearing potential partners must be willing to use contraception from the time of screening to completion of the study
  • Life expectancy of at least 1 year

Exclusion Criteria

  • Known sensitivity to bevacizumab or prior treatment with any medication known to target VEGF
  • Current use of medications that are known to interact with the safety and efficacy of bevacizumab (most commonly: Antineoplastics (Anthracyclines), Belimumab, Bisphosphonate Derivatives, Clozapine, Dipyrone, Irinotecan, Sorafenib, and Sutent)
  • History or evidence of severe cardiac disease (NYHA Functional Class III or IV), myocardial infarction within six months of study entry (Day 1), ventricular tachyarrhythmias requiring continuing treatment, or unstable angina
  • Significant uncontrolled hypertension (systolic blood pressure above 160 mm Hg and/or diastolic blood pressure above 100 mm Hg);
  • Stroke within six (6) months of study entry (Day 1)
  • Treatment with any investigational drug/ device within 60 days prior to study entry (Day1)
  • Treatment with vitamin K-antagonists or direct thrombin inhibitors with an INR ≥2
  • All patients (including both female patients of childbearing potential and male patients with childbearing potential partners) who do not use a highly effective method of birth control (failure rate less than 1% per year when used consistently and correctly), e.g. implants, injectables, combined oral contraceptives in combination with a barrier method, some intrauterine contraceptive devices, sexual abstinence, or a vasectomized partner
  • Malignancy or treatment for malignancy within the previous 6 months
  • Immunodeficiency including AIDS / HIV or Active autoimmune disease
  • Documented hypercoagulable state or history of 2 or more deep vein thromboses (DVTs) or other spontaneous intravascular thrombotic events
  • Bleeding diathesis or Anemia with a hematocrit level of less than 30%
  • A prothrombin time or a partial thromboplastin time more than 1.2 times the upper limit of normal, or absolute platelet counts below the lower limit of normal; an absolute neutrophil count below 1,500/mm3
  • Active local or systemic infection (WBC > 15,000/mm3)
  • Gastrointestinal ulcer or bleeding, or wound dehiscence
  • Scheduled elective surgery within 2 months of start date
  • Known serious allergy to aspirin or penicillin
  • Any other condition which in the judgment of the investigator would preclude adequate evaluation of the safety and efficacy of bevacizumab
  • Employees of the sponsor or patients who are employees or relatives of the investigator

Trial design

Primary purpose

Other

Allocation

Non-Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Single Blind

0 participants in 2 patient groups

Stage 1 - Low dose administration
Experimental group
Description:
Ten hemodialysis patients will receive IV infusion treatment with 1.25mg bevacizumab and undergo serial blood draws on Days 0, 1, 3, 6, 10, 15, 22, and 29 during dialysis sessions. ELISA will be performed to evaluate drug serum concentration and corresponding plasma free VEGF-A levels (pg/ml). The safety and pharmacokinetic/dynamic (PK/PD) data will be analysed and ≥50% VEGF-A suppression retained from baseline by Day 15 will be considered successful. If target outcomes are met in stage 1, the study will be terminated, otherwise the study will progress to stage 2.
Treatment:
Drug: 1.25mg bevacizumab
Stage 2 - Dose escalation
Experimental group
Description:
If outcomes are not met in stage 1, Ten additional hemodialysis patients will receive IV infusion treatment with 2.50mg bevacizumab treatment. They will undergo serial blood draws on Days 0, 1, 3, 6, 10, 15, 22, and 29 during dialysis sessions. ELISA will be performed to evaluate drug serum concentration and corresponding plasma free VEGF-A levels (pg/ml). The safety and PK/PD data will be analysed and ≥50% VEGF-A suppression retained from baseline by Day 15 will be considered successful. If target outcome is not met, the study will be terminated.
Treatment:
Drug: 2.50mg bevacizumab

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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