Reliability and Validity of Self-measured Arm Circumference in Women With Breast Cancer

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University of British Columbia

Status

Completed

Conditions

Breast Cancer
Lymphedema

Treatments

Procedure: Self-measured arm circumference, therapist-measured arm-circumference, perometer-measured arm circumference

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT02752659
H16-00961

Details and patient eligibility

About

Early detection and treatment of onset or worsening of breast cancer-related lymphedema (BCRL) can potentially prevent or postpone the condition to progress into a chronic progressive condition or eliminate the risk of infections in the arm (cellulitis). Self-surveillance for BCRL by routinely measuring own arm circumference could potentially enable early detection of onset or worsening of lymphedema. The aim is to determine whether women who have received surgery for breast cancer, can perform self-measures of arm circumference in a reliable and valid manner using written and video supported instructions without in-person teaching by a physiotherapist.

Full description

Purpose: to test the reliability and validity of self-measured arm circumference compared to measures performed by a specialized therapist and by the perometer (gold standard). The hypothesis is that there will be an excellent correlation between arm circumference measures performed by the participant and by an experienced physiotherapist and a moderate correlation between arm circumference measures performed by the patient and determined by perometer, as well as arm volume calculated from arm circumference measurements and measured by the perometer. Design: A cross-sectional study of women at risk of breast cancer-related lymphedema (BCRL) (n=20) and with BCRL (n=20) Procedures: Participants will complete one self-assessment at home and one self-assessment at a laboratory the University of British Columbia (UBC). Home Self-assessment: Participants will be sent a study package by mail, which will contain the consent form, a tape measure, written instructions supplemented with illustrations, a link for a video guide, and a measurement form, along with an opaque envelop for the measurement form. Participants will be asked to first review the written and video material outlining the measurement process, prior to completing a short self-assessment quiz on the self-measurement technique. Participants will then perform arm circumference measures of both arms as per the instructions, record the measurements on the provided form and seal the form in a provided envelope. The envelope will be returned to the study team at the lab assessment. Lab Self-assessment: At the visit at UBC, participants will be asked by study staff to repeat these arm circumference measures with support from the video and written instructions, unsupervised by a physiotherapist. This will be followed by an assessment by the physiotherapist and measures with the perometer. Statistical analysis plan: Intra-rater (between self-measures performed at home and at the lab), inter-rater reliability (between self-measures performed at lab and therapist-measures) and concurrent validity analysis (between self-measures performed at lab and perometer measures) will be conducted separately for women with and without BCRL.

Enrollment

41 patients

Sex

Female

Ages

18 to 80 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • women, who have received surgery for breast cancer with axillary or sentinel lymph node dissection within the last 3 months to 5 years, including those who are undergoing chemotherapy or radiation
  • with and without a clinical diagnosis of BCRL in one or two arms
  • age 18 to 80 years
  • who can understand the self-measurement instructions given in English
  • who have access and ability to use internet to view the self-measurement video tutorial

Exclusion criteria

-

Trial design

Primary purpose

Other

Allocation

Non-Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

41 participants in 2 patient groups

Women with breast cancer-related lymphedema
Experimental group
Description:
Participants will measure their own arm circumference and be measured by a specialized physiotherapist and by a perometer.
Treatment:
Procedure: Self-measured arm circumference, therapist-measured arm-circumference, perometer-measured arm circumference
Women at risk of breast cancer-related lymphedema
Experimental group
Description:
Participants will measure their own arm circumference and be measured by a specialized physiotherapist and by a perometer.
Treatment:
Procedure: Self-measured arm circumference, therapist-measured arm-circumference, perometer-measured arm circumference

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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