Reliability, Validity of The Turkish Version of Craniofacial Pain and Disability Inventory


Gazi University




Temporomandibular Joint Disorders

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


This study, we are aim to make the Turkish version validity and reliability of the Cranifacial Pain and Disability Inventory, Jaw Functional Limitation Scale-20, and Jaw Functional Limitation Scale-8.

Full description

Approximately 60% of individuals with temporomandibular disorders (TMD) reported increased pain intensity from midlevel to severe. This was seen at the end of the intervention or work related activities in the quarter of individuals. Therefore, the correct diagnosis of TMD is very important to reduce the economic cost. Craniofacial Pain and Disability Inventory (CF-PDI) is designed based on a biopsychosocial approach. Evidence has shown that CF-PDI is an well-structured, internal consistency, repeatable and valid, and that an objective outcome for the evaluation of pain and discomfort in patients with craniofacial pain. There is no Turkish version and validity study of CF-PDI. Each item is scored between 0-3. The total score ranged from 0 to 63, and a high score indicate a high level of discomfort. The aim of this study was to evaluate the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of CF-PDI. The study of validity and reliability is planned with 105 individuals with TMD. The sociodemographic characteristics of the individuals will be questioned by the investigators and then the patients will be evaluated with CF-PDI, Neck Disability Index (NDI), Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia (TSK), Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS), Headache Impact Test-6 (HIT-6), Jaw Functional Limitation Scale (JFLS) (Turkish version) and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS). The test-retest will be re-administered by face-to-face interview technique after 1 week. The results will be analyzed using the SPSS version 22.0 computer package program.


221 patients




18 to 50 years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Having a temporomandibular disorder
  • Individuals who suited Temporomandibular Disorders/ Research Diagnostic Criteria classification

Exclusion criteria

  • Pregnant,
  • Canser,
  • Trauma,
  • Neurologic disorder,
  • Infection,
  • Trigeminal or postherpatic neuralgia

Trial design

221 participants in 1 patient group

Patients group
Patients with temporomandibular disorders

Trial contacts and locations



Data sourced from

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