Replacing Refined Carbohydrates With Healthy Fats on Cardio-metabolic Markers (AV2)

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Illinois Institute of Technology




Metabolic Syndrome


Dietary Supplement: Control
Dietary Supplement: Active

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


The primary goal is to to characterize the effects of consuming 1 avocado fruit 7 days / week (5-7 days is acceptable) compared to a no avocado relatively low fat, carbohydrate control treatment over a 12 week period on insulin sensitivity as measured by the Matsuda composite index of insulin sensitivity (MISI).

Full description

The trial is designed as a randomized, controlled, statistician blinded, 2-arm parallel study to investigate the effects of avocado consumption compared to non-avocado control foods which have opposing macronutrients (avocado is relatively higher in fat and in low carbohydrate and the control foods will be low fat, high carbohydrate options) on indices of cardiometabolic health over a 12 week period. The trial will test 2 treatment conditions in pre-diabetic men and women 25-60 years of age with metabolic syndrome. One hundred twenty men and women will be recruited, aiming for a completer set of 96 subjects. Qualified Subjects will be randomized to receive 1 of 2 test treatments based on randomization schedule from a computer generated randomization schedule. Study treatments include: Control (CT) diet plan with at least 1 serving of a low fat, low fiber, high glycemic carbohydrate and eliminate avocado 7 days / week (5-7 days is acceptable) over a 12 week period. Active treatment (AT) diet plan will include 1 Avocado 7 days/week (5-7 days is acceptable) over a 12 week period. Each subject will be asked to come for one Screening Visit, 9 interim food pick-up/compliance visits and 4 Test Day Visits. The four main Test Day visits will occur at week 0 (day 1; baseline), end of week 4, at the end of week 8 and at the end of week 12. Interim Visits will occur at week 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10 and 11. Subjects will pick-up study foods, answer questionnaires, receive dietary counseling, confirm diet compliance during interim visits. They will also be asked to complete online 24 hour food recalls up to once per each week of the study. Each of the 4 Test Day Visits will last about 2-3.5 h and involve blood pressure (BP) measurements, a fasting blood sample collection and anthropometric, body composition assessment. In addition, an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) will be performed at week 0/day 1 and at the end of week 12/day.


124 patients




25 to 60 years old


Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Men and women aged 25-65 yrs.
  • BMI of 25 - 42 kg/m2
  • HOMA-IR ≥ 2
  • Abdominal obesity: mid-point waist circumference >102 cm for men and >88 cm for women
  • No clinical evidence / history of heart disease, respiratory, renal, gastrointestinal, or hepatic disease
  • Not taking over-the-counter or prescription medications/dietary supplements that may interfere with study procedures or endpoints (e.g., antioxidant supplements, protein powder, energy drinks, anti-inflammatory or lipid-lowering medications).
  • Non-smoker or past smoker (smoking cessation > 2 yrs.)
  • Able to provide informed consent and comply with study procedures

Exclusion criteria

  • Aged < 25 or > 65 years
  • BMI < 25 kg/m2 or > 42 kg/m2
  • HOMA-IR < 2.0
  • History of heart disease, respiratory, renal, gastrointestinal or hepatic disease
  • Diabetes
  • Have or had cancer other than non-melanoma skin cancer in past 5 years
  • Taking over-the-counter or prescription medications or dietary supplements that may interfere with study procedures or endpoints (including protein powers, energy drinks)
  • Vegan dietary habits, unusual dietary habits or sensitive or allergic to any of the test meal components / ingredients
  • Consuming 3 or more avocados per week.
  • Consuming 3 or more servings of nuts or peanuts per week, unless subject is willing to stop consuming nuts 4 weeks before and throughout the course of the study.
  • Excessive coffee and tea consumers (>4 cups/day)
  • Current smoker
  • Actively losing weight or trying to lose weight (unstable body weight fluctuations of > 5 kg in 3 months
  • Drug or alcohol addiction
  • Present with significant psychiatric or neurological disturbances
  • Working overnight (e.g 3rd shift of overnight workers)
  • Pregnant, lactating or planning to become pregnant
  • Have donated blood within 3 months of the screening visit and blood donors/participants for whom participation in this study will result in having donated more than 1500 milliliters of blood in the previous 12 months.
  • Women who are taking unstable dose and brand of hormonal contraceptive and/or stable dose and brand less than 6 months
  • Excessive exercisers or trained athletes
  • Take part in chronic feeding or medication clinical trial in the last 3 months

Trial design

Primary purpose

Basic Science



Interventional model

Parallel Assignment


Double Blind

124 participants in 2 patient groups, including a placebo group

Active treatment (AT) diet plan
Experimental group
1 Avocado 7 days/week (5-7 days is acceptable) over a 12 week period
Dietary Supplement: Active
Control (CT) diet plan
Placebo Comparator group
at least 1 serving of a low fat, low fiber, high glycemic carbohydrate and eliminate avocado 7 days / week (5-7 days is acceptable) over a 12 week period
Dietary Supplement: Control

Trial contacts and locations



Data sourced from

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