Research on Novel Biomarkers for Early Diagnosis of Parkinson's Disease

Y

Yousheng Xiao

Status

Not yet enrolling

Conditions

Parkinson's Disease

Treatments

Diagnostic Test: α- Synuclein Ultrafine Fluorescence Detection Method

Study type

Observational

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT06232772
YXiao

Details and patient eligibility

About

The goal of this observational study is to evaluate the detection ability of α-Synuclein Ultrafine Fluorescence Detection Method for body fluids (Such as saliva, urine, cerebrospinal fluid, and blood, etc.) and skin in Parkinson's patients.

Full description

Social benefits: This technology has minimal harm (skin sampling diameter of 1mm), rather than surgical traumatic brain biopsy, which meets the minimum harm and maximum benefit; 1) Clear clinical diagnosis and differential diagnosis of diseases at once, avoiding repetitive examinations, effectively saving medical expenses and medical insurance funds; 2) Beneficial for early diagnosis and intervention, reducing social and economic burden; 3) Enhance the disease diagnosis and treatment capabilities of the region, enhance basic medical research, and enhance the medical level of the region. Clinical advantage: This technology belongs to extracranial tissues α-Syn aggregate testing can replace brain biopsy procedures that are difficult to carry out clinically, thus breaking through the limitations of clinical experience in diagnosing a-synuclein lineage diseases and greatly improving the diagnostic and differential diagnostic level of this group of diseases. Clinical needs: α-Synaptic nucleoprotein lineage diseases (Parkinson's disease, multisystem atrophy, and Lewy body dementia) have complex early symptoms, making diagnosis and differential diagnosis difficult. Early diagnosis is crucial for disease prognosis. Authoritative theories suggest that brain tissue biopsy is necessary for the diagnosis of this group of diseases, but it is difficult to generalize in clinical practice. Therefore, there is a 20% misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis rate in the clinical diagnosis of α-synaptic nuclear protein spectrum diseases. The α-Synuclein Ultrafine Fluorescence Detection Method for body fluids and skin in Parkinson's patients can truly reflect the degree of pathological aggregation in synapses, which is helpful for early diagnosis and evaluation of diseases.

Enrollment

600 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 80 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Patients with clinically defined or probable PD:According to the 2015 MDS diagnostic criteria, patients diagnosed with "clinically confirmed PD" regardless of age, gender, and meeting Hoehn&Yahr staging ≤ 2.5 were included as case group one, which met [Parkinson's syndrome+at least two supportive criteria+no absolute exclusion criteria]
  • Patients with clinically probable PD:According to the 2015 MDS diagnostic criteria, patients diagnosed with "clinically probable PD", regardless of age or gender, and meeting Hoehn&Yahr staging ≤ 2.5 were included as case group two, i.e. patients who met [Parkinson's syndrome+no absolute exclusion criteria+1/2 supportive criteria+1/2 warning signs]
  • MSA group:Adult onset (>30 years old), sporadic and progressive development, and possessing the following characteristics: 1 Has one of the following two conditions: ① Parkinson's syndrome with levodopa adverse response (bradykinesia, accompanied by muscle rigidity, tremors, or postural instability), ② cerebellar dysfunction: gait ataxia, accompanied by cerebellar articulation disorders, limb ataxia, or cerebellar eye movement disorders; 2. At least one manifestation of autonomic dysfunction is present: ① urinary incontinence (inability to control bladder urination, male with erectile dysfunction), ② orthostatic hypotension (a decrease in systolic blood pressure of ≥ 30mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure of ≥ 15mmHg after standing for 3 minutes).
  • PSP group:Clinical diagnosis and likely PSP included in the Chinese progressive supranuclear palsy clinical diagnostic criteria developed by the Parkinson's disease and motor disorders group of the Neurology Branch of the Chinese Medical Association in 2016;
  • Healthy subjects:Healthy population matched with age and gender in the experimental group In addition to the selected patients, a study will also be conducted on patient data in the reference database of the proposing institution.

Exclusion criteria

  • Patients who do not consent to study participation
  • Secondary Parkinson's syndrome caused by vascular factors, drugs, etc
  • Severe cognitive impairment, AD, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and other neurodegenerative diseases

Trial design

600 participants in 5 patient groups

patients with clinically defined PD
Description:
Using an ELISA kit and α- Synuclein Ultrafine Fluorescence Detection Method to analyze the skin and body fluids of the included subjects α- synuclein level detection.
Treatment:
Diagnostic Test: α- Synuclein Ultrafine Fluorescence Detection Method
patients with clinically probable PD
Description:
Using an ELISA kit and α- Synuclein Ultrafine Fluorescence Detection Method to analyze the skin and body fluids of the included subjects α- synuclein level detection.
Treatment:
Diagnostic Test: α- Synuclein Ultrafine Fluorescence Detection Method
MSA group
Description:
Using an ELISA kit and α- Synuclein Ultrafine Fluorescence Detection Method to analyze the skin and body fluids of the included subjects α- synuclein level detection.
Treatment:
Diagnostic Test: α- Synuclein Ultrafine Fluorescence Detection Method
PSP group
Description:
Using an ELISA kit and α- Synuclein Ultrafine Fluorescence Detection Method to analyze the skin and body fluids of the included subjects α- synuclein level detection.
Treatment:
Diagnostic Test: α- Synuclein Ultrafine Fluorescence Detection Method
healthy subjects of equal age and sex without any risk or prodromal factor for PD
Description:
control group Using an ELISA kit and α- Synuclein Ultrafine Fluorescence Detection Method to analyze the skin and body fluids of the included subjects α- synuclein level detection.
Treatment:
Diagnostic Test: α- Synuclein Ultrafine Fluorescence Detection Method

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Central trial contact

Yousheng Xiao, professor

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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