Resistive Breathing Versus Inspiratory Hold Technique in Patients With Chronic Bronchitis

R

Riphah International University

Status

Not yet enrolling

Conditions

Chronic Bronchitis

Treatments

Other: inspiratory hold technique
Other: Resistive Breathing Training group

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT05533931
RiphahB Muhammad Makhdoom

Details and patient eligibility

About

The aim of the study is to determine the importance and impact of resistive breathing techniques versus inspiratory hold techniques in patients with chronic bronchitis and specially to find out if there are any changes seen in results measured via the incentive spirometer.

Full description

Chronic Bronchitis (CB) is defined as a chronic cough and sputum production for at least 3 months a year for 2 consecutive years. It is covered under the umbrella term of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). Chronic bronchitis is thought to be caused by overproduction and hypersecretion of mucus by goblet cells. Epithelial cells lining the airway response to toxic, infectious stimuli by releasing inflammatory mediators and e.g. pro-inflammatory cytokines. During an acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis, the bronchial mucous membrane becomes hyperemic and edematous with diminished bronchial mucociliary function. This, in turn, leads to airflow impediment because of luminal obstruction to small airways. The airways become clogged by debris and this further increases the irritation. The characteristic cough of bronchitis is caused by the copious secretion of mucus in chronic bronchitis. Pseudostratified epithelium, highlighting the pseudostratified epithelial cells, goblets cells (shown in blue), then underlying connective tissue.(3) To determine the importance and impact of resistive breathing techniques versus inspiratory hold techniques in patients with chronic bronchitis and specially to find out if there are any changes seen in results measured via incentive spirometer. There are few studies done over it whereas purpose of this research work is to compare these techniques to get better results.

Enrollment

26 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

45 to 60 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

• Diagnosed with chronic bronchitis

  • Clinically stable patients.
  • Both genders.
  • Age 45 to 60 years.
  • Pink puffers included in this study
  • Clients that are involved in research are not allowed for other interventional therapies. They can take their regular medications.
  • Patients diagnosed at least 2 years ago with bronchitis.

Exclusion criteria

• Presence of any genetic disorders (cystic fibrosis).

  • Recent spinal / chest surgery
  • Cardiac issues
  • Fractures of vertebra caused by osteoporosis.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

26 participants in 2 patient groups

Resistive Breathing Training group
Experimental group
Description:
The patients performed two sessions each of 15 minutes session of resistive breathing for four days a week for six weeks using an inspiratory resistive device. Ask patient to take long slow inspirations while breathing through the resistive device
Treatment:
Other: Resistive Breathing Training group
inspiratory hold technique
Active Comparator group
Description:
With the patient in a comfortable position such as side lying or reclined, the therapist may assist the patient by placing both hands on abdominal area to provide proprioceptive feedback. Then in a relaxed tone of voice therapist instructs the patient to sniff quickly through the nose three times with slow, relaxed exhalations
Treatment:
Other: inspiratory hold technique

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Central trial contact

Ghazal Jamshaid, MS CPPT

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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