Risperidone Pharmacokinetics in Children With Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD)

Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center logo

Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 1

Conditions

Child Development Disorders, Pervasive

Treatments

Drug: Risperidone

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT00147394
PPRU 10544

Details and patient eligibility

About

The purpose of this research is to study the pharmacokinetics of risperidone in a group of pediatric patients with Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD). The study will determine how much risperidone and its breakdown product, 9-hydroxy-risperidone, is in the blood following the patient's usual daily dose. The study is designed to look at how fast children absorb, breakdown, and eliminate risperidone.

Full description

Pervasive Developmental Disorders is a category of disorders that includes autism and related conditions. While these disorders are rare, they represent a significant public health problem because they are extremely debilitating and lack efficacious therapies. Neuroleptic use in PDD is high and the population appears to be at increased risk of serious sequelae including tardive dyskinesia. Newer atypical neuroleptics including risperidone are now used in 87% of cases but dosing, safety and efficacy is undetermined in the vulnerable population. This study consists of a total of 3 visits, the initial screening visit where consent, medical history, demographics and vitals will be recorded. Two additional visits with blood sampling will occur. The second visit will be no greater than 30 days from the screening visit and the 3rd visit will be one month from Visit 2.

Sex

All

Ages

5 to 16 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Male and female patients between ages of 5 and less than 17 years.
  • Patients meeting DSM-IV criteria for PDD-NOS about to initiate clinical treatment or currently clinically treated with risperidone.
  • Patients with autistic disorder or PDD-NOS currently on risperidone as a participant in one of the multi-site RUPP protocols.

Exclusion criteria

  • Children taking psychotropic or other medication that will interact with target CYP 450 isoenzyme activity will not be eligible for the pharmacokinetic study (i.e. CYP2D6 or CYP3A4; to be decided by the PI)
  • Patients with known renal or hepatic dysfunction (e.g. serum creatinine > 1.5 normal upper limit, transaminases or bilirubin > 2 times normal upper limit)
  • Failure of the parent/legal guardian to give informed consent.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

Trial contacts and locations

5

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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