Role of Perhexiline in Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (RESOLVE-HCM)


Flinders University

Status and phase

Phase 2


Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy


Drug: Perhexiline
Other: Placebo

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM) is the most common inherited heart muscle condition affecting up to 1 in 200 of the general population. It results from mutations in genes encoding components of the contractile apparatus in the heart muscle cell (myocyte). These mutations result in increased energy cost of force production for the myocyte which then cumulatively causes a myocardial energy deficit. This myocardial energy deficit is then thought to lead to cardiac hypertrophy ('left ventricular hypertrophy' or LVH) in HCM.

LVH leads to impairments in heart muscle function, heart muscle oxygenation and microvascular blood flow and is the chief driver of patient symptoms in HCM. These symptoms consist of chest pain, shortness of breath, dizziness, fainting episodes or palpitations. Occasionally, the disease may cause sudden cardiac death (SCD). HCM is the most common cause of SCD in young people including competitive athletes. In addition, HCM has been found to result in significant global deterioration in health-related quality of life.

Treatment of HCM has focused on relief of symptoms by drugs such as ß-blockers which slow the heart rate and improve heart function. However, symptom relief is often incomplete and there is no evidence on the benefit of ß-blockers or related medications to reverse LVH. Perhexiline, a potent carnitine palmitoyl transferase-1 (CPT-1) inhibitor shifts myocardial metabolism to more efficient glucose utilisation and rectifies impaired myocardial energetics. It is currently used to treat angina in patients with coronary artery disease. There is some preliminary evidence that Perhexiline may aid in the improvement of symptoms in patients with HCM. However, the effect of any form of therapy on potential regression of LVH in HCM remains unexplored.

In this randomised double-blind placebo-controlled trial, the investigators will use state of the art cardiac imaging, principally advanced echocardiography and Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance (CMR) to study the effects of perhexiline on LVH, cardiac function, and oxygenation in symptomatic patients with HCM. The investigators hypothesize that perhexiline will favourably reduce LVH and improve myocardial oxygenation by improving myocardial energetics, and that these putative morphological and functional changes can be accurately measured utilizing echocardiography and CMR. If this pilot study supports the hypothesis, then it will pave the way for a major randomised controlled trial to definitely determine the role of Perhexiline in HCM.


60 estimated patients




18+ years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  1. Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction (LVEF) =/> 55% by echocardiography or CMR during the screening period or within 6 months prior to study entry
  2. Current / prior symptom(s) of HCM (New York Heart Association [NYHA] functional class II or class III, Canadian Cardiovascular Society [CCS] grade II or grade III) and requiring treatment with ß-blockers and /or non-dihydropyridine calcium antagonists and / or disopyramide for at least 30 days prior to study entry
  3. Structural heart disease as evidenced by interventricular septal thickness of (= 15 mm) on echocardiography or CMR in the absence of abnormal loading conditions
  4. Elevated N terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), >125 pg/ml

Exclusion criteria

  1. Any prior echocardiographic or CMR measurement of LVEF <55%
  2. Current acute decompensated heart failure requiring hospitalisation and / or augmented medical therapy
  3. Cardiac surgery or catheter-based septal reduction therapy planned or having occurred within the past 1 year
  4. Patients with a non-CMR conditional pacemaker / implantable cardioverter-defibrillator device
  5. History of a known chronic liver disease, peripheral neuropathy, recurrent hypoglycemia
  6. Serum bilirubin, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, or lactate dehydrogenase > 2.0 times upper limit of normal
  7. Previous adverse reaction to perhexiline at therapeutic plasma levels of the drug
  8. Concomitant use of amiodarone, ranolazine or trimetazidine
  9. Life-threatening or uncontrolled dysrhythmia
  10. Contraindications to CMR, gadolinium, adenosine

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Parallel Assignment


Quadruple Blind

60 participants in 2 patient groups, including a placebo group

Experimental group
Drug: Perhexiline
Placebo Comparator group
Other: Placebo

Trial contacts and locations



Central trial contact

Joseph Selvanayagam

Data sourced from

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