rTMS-concurrent Behavioral Priming for Reducing Smoking Cravings

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West Virginia University

Status

Enrolling

Conditions

Smoking Reduction
Smoking Behaviors

Treatments

Device: Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS)

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT06228235
2301715815

Details and patient eligibility

About

The objective of this pilot clinical trial is to test the effects of different types of thinking strategies at the time of repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS), applied to the left Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex (DLPFC), on smoking craving and brain activity. Participants will be individuals with moderate to high smoking dependence (smoking at least 8 cigarettes a day) who have no intention of quitting in the next 3 months and are eligible to have rTMS and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). The main objectives of the trial are: 1. To compare the craving-reducing effects of "upregulation" and "downregulation" of craving while looking at pictures related to cigarette smoking during rTMS versus no regulation of craving while looking at neutral pictures unrelated to smoking. 'Upregulation" is thinking about the immediate positive experience of smoking. "Downregulation" is thinking about the long-term negative consequences of smoking. 2. To examine changes in brain activity that accompany craving reductions produced by rTMS paired with upregulation and downregulation of craving while looking at pictures related to cigarette smoking versus no regulation of craving while looking at neutral pictures unrelated to smoking. Following screening for eligibility, participants will be trained on how to do upregulation and downregulation of craving. The participants will then participate in 3 testing sessions. In each session, the participants will receive rTMS at 20Hz in 50 trains (2000 pulses total), followed immediately by fMRI. Sessions will take place 1-2 weeks apart and will differ in the type of thinking strategy participants will use while looking at pictures during the rTMS: * upregulation of craving while viewing smoking-related images * downregulation of craving while viewing smoking-related images * no regulation of craving while viewing neutral smoking-unrelated images The order of sessions will be randomized across participants.

Enrollment

20 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 60 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Able to provide written informed consent, and to follow study procedures
  • Active cigarette smoker consuming at least 8 cigarettes a day for at least 6 months.
  • Dual use of cigarettes and e-cigarettes is permitted.

Exclusion criteria

  • History of epilepsy or seizure disorder

  • History of cerebral vascular accident or cortical stroke

  • History of brain lesions (such as multiple sclerosis, tumor)

  • History of moderate or severe traumatic brain injury

  • Possible DSM-5 Axis-I disorders as suggested by scores on the DSM-5 Self-Rated Level 1 Cross-Cutting Symptom Measure (41) exceeding any domain thresholds set by ratings of 2 or higher on individual item, with two exceptions. 1) For depression and anxiety, item scores of 3 or higher will be exclusionary. 2) For substance use (except nicotine/ tobacco and alcohol), item scores of 1 or higher will be exclusionary. For alcohol, the item score of 2 or higher will be the exclusionary.

  • Active suicidal ideation as assessed by the Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS)

  • Pregnancy

  • Positive urine toxicology for recreational drugs of abuse

  • Shoulder-to-shoulder width of > 60cm (24'') to ensure fit in the MRI scanner

  • Positive responses to the TMS Screening Form or the MRI checklist that preclude participation at the discretion of the investigator

  • Intracranial metallic objects (excluding dental fillings)

  • Prior rTMS treatment

  • Current treatment with varenicline or nicotine replacement therapy (NRT)

  • A score of > 6 on the Readiness to Quit Ladder (42) for smoking

  • Intake of one or a combination of the following drugs presenting a 'Strong Potential Hazard' for application of rTMS due to their significant seizure threshold lowering potential:

    • Imipramine, Amitriptyline, Doxepine, Nortriptyline, Maprotiline, Chlorpromazine, Clozapine, Foscarnet, Ganciclovir, Ritonavir, Amphetamines, Cocaine (MDMA, ecstasy), Phencyclidine (PCP, angel's dust), Ketamine, Gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB), Alcohol, Theophylline.
    • The urine toxicology panel will verify the presence of some of these drugs prior to each rTMS session
  • Recent withdrawal from one of the following drugs representing a 'Strong Relative Hazard' for application of rTMS due to the resulting significant seizure threshold lowering potential:

    • Alcohol, Barbiturates, Benzodiazepines, Meprobamate, Chloral hydrate

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

N/A

Interventional model

Single Group Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

20 participants in 1 patient group

Active rTMS
Experimental group
Description:
There is a single arm in this open-label pilot study. All participants will receive active rTMS paired with different types of behavioral priming (upregulation of craving, downregulation of craving, no regulation of craving).
Treatment:
Device: Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS)

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Central trial contact

Mariya V Cherkasova, PhD

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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