Safety and Efficacy of a PIKA Rabies Vaccine Containing the PIKA Adjuvant

Y

Yisheng Biopharma

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 1

Conditions

Rabies

Treatments

Biological: PIKA rabies vaccine
Biological: RABIPUR®
Biological: PIKA rabies vaccine with an accelerated regimen

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other
Industry

Identifiers

NCT02657161
RV001-I

Details and patient eligibility

About

Phase I clinical study for an investigational PIKA (Polyinosinic-Polycytidylic Acid Based Adjuvant) rabies vaccine comprising Inactivated and Purified Rabies Virus (IPRV) and the PIKA adjuvant. The primary objective of the study was to assess the clinical safety of the vaccine composition in healthy adult volunteers. The secondary objective was to evaluate the vaccine's efficacy based on an accelerated vaccine regimen.

Full description

A single-center, open label, randomized phase I study in healthy naïve adult subjects. There were three study groups; subjects were randomly assigned to groups A (12), B (12) and C (12). Group A, as a control arm of the study, had received a commercially available rabies vaccine, RABIPUR® and Group B had received doses of the investigational PIKA rabies vaccine. Group C received an accelerated vaccine regimen with the investigational PIKA rabies vaccine. Group A and B followed the same vaccine regimen of (1-1-1-1), one injection on days 0, 3, 7 and 14 was administered respectively. Group C received the accelerated regimen (2-2-1), two injections on both days 0 and 3 were administered in different arms; and only one injection was administered on day 7. Each vaccine dose comprise 1.0 ml of PIKA rabies vaccine for Group B and Group C and 1.0 ml of RABIPUR® for Group A after reconstitution. The route of administration is intramuscular injection, given in the deltoid region of the arm.

Enrollment

37 patients

Sex

All

Ages

21 to 65 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Informed consent form has been signed and dated
  • Able to attend all scheduled visits and comply with all trial procedures.
  • Never received rabies vaccine before.
  • Refrain from blood donation during the course of the study.
  • Able to attend all scheduled visits and comply with all trial procedures.

Exclusion criteria

  • For women who are pregnant and breast-feeding
  • Previous vaccination against rabies (in pre- or post-exposure regimen) with either the trial vaccine or another vaccine
  • History of allergies to the medicine (S), convulsions, epilepsy, mental illness and brain disease and clear serious systemic reaction
  • Known bleeding disorder or suspected impairment of immunologic function, or receipt of immunosuppressive therapy or immunoglobulin since birth
  • Participation in any other interventional clinical trial
  • Donation of blood within the last 2 months or who have donated plasma within the last 14 days
  • Patient with clinical signs of encephalitis
  • Recipient of any vaccine in the 4 weeks preceding the first trial vaccination, except for influenza vaccination
  • Concomitant use or at high probability of expected concomitant use during the planned study of medication such as immune suppressants, steroids, non-study vaccine or similar substances
  • Use of any investigational or non-registered drug or vaccine other than the study vaccine(s) within 30 days preceding the first dose of study vaccine, or planned use during the study period.
  • Administration of immunoglobulins and/or any blood products within 3 months prior to the first dose of study vaccine or planned administration during the study period.
  • History of allergic disease or reactions likely to be exacerbated by any component of the study vaccines.
  • Any confirmed or suspected immunosuppressive or immunodeficient condition, including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection.
  • Uncontrolled acute or chronic, clinically significant pulmonary, cardiovascular, hepatic or renal functional abnormality, as determined by medical history or physical examination.
  • Chronic administration of immuno-suppressants or other immune-modifying drugs within 3 months prior to the first vaccine dose.
  • Clinical Manifestation of Metabolic, blood system, lungs, heart, the gastrointestinal tract, nervous system, kidneys, urinary system, endocrine, liver disease or malignant tumor

Trial design

Primary purpose

Prevention

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

37 participants in 3 patient groups

Group A
Active Comparator group
Description:
Comparator vaccine RABIPUR® Healthy volunteers received rabies vaccination intramuscularly on days 0,3,7 and 14
Treatment:
Biological: RABIPUR®
Group B
Experimental group
Description:
PIKA Rabies vaccine Healthy volunteers received rabies vaccination intramuscularly on days 0,3,7 and 14
Treatment:
Biological: PIKA rabies vaccine
Group C
Experimental group
Description:
PIKA Rabies vaccine with an accelerated regimen Healthy volunteers received rabies vaccination intramuscularly on days 0 (2 Doses), 3 (2 Doses), and day 7 (1 Dose)
Treatment:
Biological: PIKA rabies vaccine with an accelerated regimen

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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