Safety and Efficacy of Rotator Cuff Function Restoration Balloon in Irreparable Rotator Cuff Tear






Rotator Cuff Tears


Device: Balloon implantation
Procedure: Rotator cuff repair

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


This study is a prospective, multicenter, randomized, controlled clinical study aiming to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the rotator cuff function restoration balloon in patients with irreparable rotator cuff tear compared to partial repair of the rotator cuff.

Full description

This prospective, multicenter, randomized controlled clinical study is designed to enroll 112 subjects with irreparable rotator cuff tear and randomly assign them to the trial and control groups on a 1:1 basis.The experimental group was treated with rotator cuff restoration balloon, and the control group was treated with rotator cuff partial repair. The main end point of the study was improvement of the Constant Score at 6 months after the surgery. All subjects were followed up clinically at 1 day, 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months and 1 year after the surgery, and were followed up with imaging examination at 3 months, 6 months and 1 year after the surgery.


112 estimated patients




18 to 85 years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Persistent pain and failure of non-operative treatment of the affected shoulder for at least 3 months
  • Failed non-operative treatment of at least 3 months
  • Patients are able to understand the purpose of the trial, voluntarily participated in and acknowledged the risks and benefits by signing the informed consent form
  • Patients can complete the clinical trial psychologically, physiologically and mentally, and can comply with all post-operative evaluations and visits
  • Posterosuperior rotator cuff tear diagnosed by MRI in the past 6 months, defined as the rotator cuff tear involving supraspinatus and infraspinatus muscles, and could be combined with type I subscapular muscle injury.

Evidence of any one of the following conditions confirmed by MRI:

(1) The rotator cuff tear measuring >3cm in size; (2) involving ≥ 2 tendons; (3) stage 3 or 4 fatty infiltration according to Goutallier Classification; (4) acromiohumeral interval <7mm. 7. All subjects meeting the above inclusion criteria will undergo arthroscopic debridement, if the tear size is still >3cm at medial to lateral direction, and the superior edge cannot be fixed to the footprint area to overlap bone coverage for complete repair.

Exclusion criteria

  • Known allergy to the balloon material (polyethylene)
  • Evidence of osteoarthritis or cartilage damage in the shoulder
  • Evidence of gleno-humeral instability or axillary nerve palsy
  • Evidence of major joint trauma, infection, or necrosis in the shoulder
  • Previous surgery of the index shoulder in the past 1 year, excluding diagnostic arthroscopy
  • Shoulder pain due to other unknown causes
  • Major medical condition or known drug or alcohol abuses that could affect quality of life and influence the results of the study.
  • Subjects with poor compliance, unable to complete the trial according to the requirements or for other reasons, or considered not to be suitable for inclusion by investigators.
  • Concurrent participation in any other invasive clinical study one month prior to enrollment to the study and during the entire study period.
  • Acute infection requiring antibiotics
  • Subjects receiving prescription narcotic pain medication for conditions unrelated to the index shoulder condition
  • Subjects with implanted metallic devices (e.g., cardiac pacemakers, insulin pumps, nerve stimulators) or other contraindications for MRI scan
  • Severe dysfunction in heart, brain, lungs or kidney and cannot tolerate surgery.
  • Severe disorder in bleeding or coagulation function that cannot be corrected.
  • Pregnancy
  • Subjects being suffered from other serious illness which may affect quality of life the results of the study (e.g. HIV, active malignancy in the past 5 years, transmural myocardial infarction in 6 months, unstable angina pectoris, CVA, renal insufficiency, etc.)
  • Diseases or other conditions which cannot finish 1 year follow-up.

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Parallel Assignment


Single Blind

112 participants in 2 patient groups

Balloon implantation
Experimental group
Arthroscopic implantation of this sub-acromial balloon
Device: Balloon implantation
Rotator cuff repair
Active Comparator group
Partial rotator cuff repair
Procedure: Rotator cuff repair

Trial contacts and locations



Central trial contact

Jinzhong ZHAO, Professor

Data sourced from

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