Safety and Efficacy Study of Allogenic Mesenchymal Stem Cells to Treat Extensive Chronic Graft Versus Host Disease

G

Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital (Guangdong Provincial Academy of Medical Sciences)

Status and phase

Unknown
Phase 2

Conditions

Graft Versus Host Disease

Treatments

Biological: Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)
Drug: Prednisone and cyclosporine or primary therapies

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT00972660
GDREC.[2009]008

Details and patient eligibility

About

Study Design: Treatment, Randomized, Open Label, Parallel Assignment,Safety/Efficacy Study. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) expanded ex-vivo infusion for the treatment of patients who have developed a newly diagnosed extensive or refractory chronic graft versus host disease (chronic GVHD) to the usual therapeutic measures.

Full description

Chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is one of the main limitations to successful allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), and has a substantial impact not only on survival but also on the quality of life of otherwise cancer-free patients. Half of the patients undergoing a HLA-identical allografts who survive beyond 100 days may require long-term immunosuppressive treatment for extensive chronic GVHD, often for more than 2 years. More than one-third of patients with chronic GVHD do not respond to first-line therapy, which often involves combinations of corticosteroids and a calcineurin inhibitor. There is no standard second-line or salvage therapy for these patients and they have a poor outcome. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent non-hematopoietic stem cells that can differentiate into various lineages and have been used to repair injured tissues. Recently, MSCs have also shown unique immunomodulatory properties ex-vivo, including inhibition of T-cell proliferation after stimulation by allo-antigens and mitogens, and prevention of the activity of cytotoxic T cells.MSCs have been used for the prophylaxis of acute GVHD and for the treatment of patients with steroid-refractory acute GVHD,but rarely have been used for extensive chronic GVHD. Development of new therapeutic agents and strategies to rescue patients with extensive chronic GVHD would provide a significant benefit in an area of unmet medical need. In this study, a single center randomized, non blinded Phase II clinical trial is proposed to study the safety and efficacy of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) in the management of extensive chronic GVHD newly or refractory to the usual therapeutic measures. Expanded MSC will be infused at a dose of 2 million cells/kg twice a week for 2 weeks and weekly for the following two weeks (six doses totally)in patients based first-line therapy (steroid plus cyclosporin A ) or their primary immunosuppressive therapies.

Enrollment

52 estimated patients

Sex

All

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Informed consent obtained from patient and donor.
  • Any patient who has undergone allogeneic stem cell transplantation with extensive chronic GVHD.
  • Have not received additional agent for cGVHD within 3 months.
  • Expected life is more than 90 days.
  • Adequate pulmonary function with no evidence of chronic obstructive or severe restrictive pulmonary disease.
  • Adequate cardiac function with no evidence of uncontrolled high blood pressure,congestive heart failure, angina pectoris, acute myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to the process.

Exclusion criteria

  • Invasive fungal disease.
  • Active cytomegalovirus (CMV)/Epstein-Barr virus(EBV)/varicella disease).
  • Patient is with a history of hypersensitivity to bovine products.
  • Relapsed malignancy.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

52 participants in 2 patient groups

Control group
Active Comparator group
Description:
Patients with newly diagnosed extensive cGVHD receive prednisone and cyclosporine or tacrolimus. Patients with refractory extensive cGVHD receive primary treatment (eg,prednisone and cyclosporine or tacrolimus, or plus mycophenolate mofetil, or methotrexate.)
Treatment:
Drug: Prednisone and cyclosporine or primary therapies
Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)
Experimental group
Description:
Patients with newly diagnosed extensive cGVHD receive MSC plus prednisone and cyclosporine or tacrolimus. Patients with refractory extensive cGVHD receive MSC plus their primary immunosuppressive treatment (eg. prednisone + cyclosporine or tacrolimus, or plus mycophenolate mofetil, or plus methotrexate.)
Treatment:
Biological: Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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