Safety and Efficacy Study of Exenatide Once Weekly in Adolescents With Type 2 Diabetes

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AstraZeneca

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 3

Conditions

Children and Adolescent With Type 2 Diabetes

Treatments

Drug: Exenatide Once Weekly
Drug: Placebo

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Industry

Identifiers

NCT01554618
D5551C00002

Details and patient eligibility

About

The study examines the Safety and efficacy study of exenatide once weekly in children and adolescents with type 2 diabetes

Full description

This Phase 3, double-blind (controlled assessment period), randomized, multicenter, placebo-controlled parallel study is designed to examine the efficacy and safety of EQW compared to placebo (PBO) in adolescents with type 2 diabetes for 24 weeks. This study will assess safety and efficacy of EQW (as monotherapy and adjunctive therapy to oral antidiabetic agents and/or insulin). At least 40% and not more than 60% of the randomized patients must be females. At least 40% of patients should be recruited from areas with similar ethnicity and lifestyle to those of the European Union member states. Long term safety and efficacy of EQW will subsequently be monitored for 28 weeks in the open-label, uncontrolled extension period (through Week 52). The study will be terminated at Visit 11 (Week 62/Study Termination) which will be a follow-up visit occurring 10 weeks after the last dose administration at Visit 10 (Week 52). This study will be conducted in 77 patients with type 2 diabetes treated with diet and exercise alone or in combination with a stable dose of oral antidiabetic agents and/or insulin for at least 2 months prior to screening. During the controlled assessment period, approximately 77 patients will be randomly assigned in a 5:2 ratio to either EQW 2 mg (Group A) or PBO (Group B), to yield at least 70 evaluable patients: at least 50 patients in the exenatide and at least 20 patients in the PBO group. Following the 24-week controlled assessment period, patients assigned to the EQW 2 mg treatment (Group A) will continue to be treated with EQW 2 mg during the extension period (through Week 52). Patients randomized to PBO (Group B) will receive EQW 2 mg beginning at the start of the extension period, Week 25 through Week 52. In addition to receiving study medications, all patients will participate in a lifestyle intervention program encompassing diet and physical activity modifications following the signing of the informed consent and assent forms (Visit 1 [Week -2]) through the end of the extension period (Week 52). Following Visit 11 (Week 62/Study Termination), patients whose height increase is at least 5 mm between Visit 8 (Week 28) and Visit 11 (Week 62/Study Termination) will participate in a long-term safety follow-up period. Patients who discontinue study medication prior to Visit 11 (Week 62/Study Termination) will also participate in the Extended Safety Follow-up Period, unless they have a height increase of less than 5 mm over a 6-month interval at study site visits prior to discontinuation of study medication. Patients who do not have height assessments at study-site visits over a 6-month interval prior to discontinuation of study medication will enter the Extended Safety Follow-up Period. The Extended Safety Follow Up Period will continue for up to 3 years or until the difference between two 6-month interval visits is less than a 5 mm increase (whichever comes first). No study medication will be administered during the Extended Safety Follow-up Period. Blood samples will be collected for calcitonin and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) laboratory measurements.

Enrollment

84 patients

Sex

All

Ages

10 to 17 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Each patient must meet the following criteria to be enrolled in this study.

  • Is a child or an adolescent of 10 to <18 years old, at Visit 1 (Screening)
  • Has been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus per American Diabetes Association diagnostic criteria
  • HbA1c of 6.5% to 11.0%, inclusive, in patients not taking insulin/SU, and of 6.5% to 12.0%, inclusive, in patients taking insulin/SU, at Visit 1 (Screening)
  • Has a C-peptide of >0.6 ng/L at Visit 1 (Screening)
  • Has been treated with diet and exercise alone or in combination with a stable dose of an oral antidiabetic agent (e.g., metformin and/or SU) and/or insulin for their type 2 diabetes for at least 2 months prior to Visit 1 (Screening)
  • Has a fasting plasma glucose concentration <280 mg/dL (15.5 mmol/L) at Visit 1 (Screening)

Patients who meet any of the following criteria will be excluded from the study.

Has a clinically significant medical condition that could potentially affect study participation and/or personal well-being, as judged by the Investigator, including but not limited to the following conditions:

  • Hepatic disease (defined by aspartate or alanine transaminase >3.0 times the upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Renal disease or serum creatinine >1.5 mg/dL (132.6 µmol/L) (males) or 1.4 mg/dL (123.8 µmol/L) (females)
  • Gastrointestinal disease deemed significant by the Investigator
  • Organ transplantation
  • Chronic infection (e.g., tuberculosis, human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis B virus, or hepatitis C virus)
  • Clinically significant malignant disease (with the exception of basal and squamous cell carcinoma of the skin) within 5 years of Visit 1 (Screening)
  • Has positive antibody titers to glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD65) or islet cell antigen (ICA512) at Visit 1 (Screening)
  • Has a personal or family history of elevated calcitonin, calcitonin >100 ng/L, medullary thyroid carcinoma, or multiple endocrine neoplasia-2
  • Has ever used exenatide (exenatide once weekly [exenatide LAR], exenatide BID, BYETTA, or any other formulation) or any glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist (e.g., liraglutide [Victoza®])
  • Is pregnant

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Quadruple Blind

84 participants in 2 patient groups, including a placebo group

EQW
Experimental group
Description:
Exenatide once weekly
Treatment:
Drug: Exenatide Once Weekly
Placebo
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
Placebo once weekly
Treatment:
Drug: Placebo

Trial documents
2

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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