Safety and Feasibility of the Use of Natural Killer Cells in Patients With Chronic Myeloid Leukemia

H

Hospital de Clinicas de Porto Alegre

Status and phase

Unknown
Phase 2
Phase 1

Conditions

Chronic Myeloid Leukemia

Treatments

Biological: Chronic Myeloid Leukemia + NK cell

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT03348033
160409

Details and patient eligibility

About

The purpose of this study is to evaluate safety, feasibility and maximum tolerated dose of NK cells cultured in vitro as adjuvant treatment of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia candidates to allogenic bone marrow transplantation or refractory to conventional treatment.

Full description

Natural killer (NK) cells are one of the main type of immune cells that mediate the graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) effect. They are a fundamental part of innate immunity, with a major role in rapid response against infectious agents and activating immune system against tumoral cells. Patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), however, seem to have lower NK cell counts as disease progresses from chronic phase to blast crisis, as well as diminished cytotoxicity in those NK cells remaining. Therapeutic role of the NK cell ability to target certain specific cells is currently being studied, especially regarding their action against tumoral cells. Chronic myeloid leukemia studies with NK cells have so far demonstrated that autologous ex vivo activated NK cells are able to suppress in vitro the presence of the breakpoint cluster region-abelson leukemia virus (BCR-ABL) oncogene. These studies have demonstrated that adoptive NK cell therapy may have a potential role in treatment of CML patients. The purpose of this study is to evaluate safety, feasibility and maximum tolerated dose of NK cells cultured in vitro as adjuvant treatment of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia candidates to allogenic bone marrow transplantation or refractory to conventional treatment. NK cells will be expanded from peripheral blood mononuclear cells after depletion of T cells. They ar going to be co-cultured with clone 9 K562 artificial antigen presenting cell (aAPCs), which are posteriorly modified to also express membrane interleukin-21 (mIL-21)

Enrollment

5 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

2 to 59 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Patients with chronic phase CML who lost response to the second line of treatment with tyrosine-kinase inhibitor (TKI) with indication for bone marrow transplantation.
  • Accelerated phase patients who are candidates for bone marrow transplantation.
  • Patient with CML in blast crisis.
  • Patient aged between 2 and 59 years.
  • patient should have recovered from the toxicity related to previous treatment of cytotoxic agents received within 4 weeks before starting treatment in this protocol, except for cytopenias resulting from persistent disease and alopecia, or non-haematological toxicities grades 1 and 2

Exclusion criteria

  • Zubrod performance scale ≥ 2
  • Renal impairment: Serum creatinine> 2mg / dL for adults and> 2mg / dL or> 2 times the upper limit of normality for age (whichever is less) for children.
  • Impaired hepatic function, defined as: total bilirubin> 2 mg / dL and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) 2.5 times upper limit of normal for age (unless Gilbert's disease or abnormal liver function due to primary disease).
  • Pulmonary symptoms with pulse oximetry <92%.
  • Congestive Heart Failure Classification New York Heart Association> III
  • Positive serological test for pregnancy within two weeks prior to enrollment in women of childbearing potential (non-fertile age defined as pre-menarche, post-menopausal over one year, or surgically sterilized).
  • Positive serology for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
  • Have undergone investigational therapies in four weeks prior to treatment begin under this protocol.
  • Congestive heart failure < 6 months prior to screening.
  • Unstable angina < 6 months before screening.
  • Myocardial infarction < 6 months prior to selection.
  • Non-signing of the informed consent.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

N/A

Interventional model

Single Group Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

5 participants in 1 patient group

Chronic Myeloid Leukemia + NK cell
Experimental group
Description:
Starting on Day -7, G-CSF daily by vein until post nadir of absolute neutrophil counts (ANC) are equal or over 1000. Day -6 to Day -2 Fludarabine administrated by vein at 30 mg/m^2. Four hours later Cytarabine administrated by vein at 2 g/m^2. Natural killer (NK) cell infusion Days 0 to 14 for 6 doses total. NK Cell infusion on Days 0 to 14 for 6 doses total.
Treatment:
Biological: Chronic Myeloid Leukemia + NK cell

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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