Safety and Immunogenicity of Sanaria's Irradiated Sporozoite Vaccine (PfSPZ Vaccine) in Malaria-Experienced Adults in Burkina Faso

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) logo

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 1

Conditions

Plasmodium Falciparum Infection

Treatments

Drug: Artesunate
Other: Placebo
Biological: PfSPZ Vaccine

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

NIH

Identifiers

NCT02663700
15-0001

Details and patient eligibility

About

This study is a phase 1, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose escalation trial of Sanaria's irradiated sporozoite vaccine (PfSPZ vaccine). The primary objective of this protocol is to determine the safety and reactogenicity of the PfSPZ Vaccine in malaria-experienced healthy adults. The study duration shall be 34 months and subject participation duration shall be 15-26 months.

Full description

This study is a phase 1, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose escalation trial of Sanaria's irradiated sporozoite vaccine (PfSPZ vaccine). The primary objective of this study is to determine the safety and reactogenicity of the PfSPZ Vaccine in malaria-experienced healthy adults. The secondary objective is to evaluate vaccine-induced anti-CSP antibody immune responses. The study duration shall be 34 months and subject participation duration shall be 15-26 months.

Enrollment

112 patients

Sex

All

Ages

21 to 40 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  1. A male or non-pregnant female aged 21-40 years inclusive at the time of screening.

  2. For women, willingness not to become pregnant until 1 month after the last vaccination*.

    *Pre-menopausal female participants will be referred to the local family planning clinic, which offers several means of contraception that are approved and recommended by the Burkina Faso Ministry of Health. Contraception (male or female condoms, diaphragm or cervical cap with spermicide, intrauterine device, or hormone-based contraceptive) should be started 30 days before the first vaccination and continue until 30 days after last vaccination.

  3. Written informed consent obtained from the participant before screening.

  4. Available and willing to participate in follow-up for the duration of study.

  5. Residing in Sapone region and environs.

  6. Appear to be in generally good health based on clinical and laboratory investigation.

Exclusion criteria

  1. Previous vaccination with an investigational malaria vaccine.

  2. Use of an investigational or non-registered drug or vaccine other than the study vaccine(s) within 30 days before the first study vaccination, or planned use up to 30 days after last vaccination.

  3. Chronic administration (defined as more than 14 days) of immunosuppressants or other immune-modifying drugs within six months before the first vaccination*.

    *This includes any dose level of oral steroids, but not inhaled steroids or topical steroids.

  4. Planned administration/administration of a vaccine not foreseen by the study protocol within 30 days before the first study vaccination with the exception of tetanus toxoid.

  5. Confirmed or suspected immunosuppressive or immunodeficient condition.

  6. Confirmed or suspected autoimmune disease.

  7. History of allergic reactions or anaphylaxis to artesunate and artemisinin derivatives, vaccinations or to any vaccine component.

  8. History of serious allergic reactions to any substance, requiring hospitalization or emergent medical care.

  9. History of allergy to any component of the vaccine formulation, including human serum albumin.

  10. Use or planned use of any drug with anti-malarial activity during the course of the study except for antimalarial medication administered by study clinicians.

  11. History of splenectomy.

  12. Confirmed or suspected pregnancy or current breastfeeding.

  13. Laboratory evidence of liver disease (ALT > / = 1.25 x upper limit of normal).

  14. Laboratory evidence of renal disease (serum or plasma creatinine > upper limit of normal).

  15. Laboratory evidence of hematologic disease (platelet count <115,000/mm^3, or hemoglobin <11.2 g/dL for males and <9.5 g/dL for females).

  16. Seropositive for hepatitis B surface antigen or hepatitis C virus (hepatitis C antibody).

  17. Seropositive for HIV.

  18. Sickle cell trait carriage or sickle cell disease.

  19. Administration of immunoglobulin and/or any blood products within the three months preceding the first study vaccination or planned administration during the study period. 20. Simultaneous participation in any other interventional clinical trial.

  20. Acute or chronic pulmonary, cardiovascular, hepatic, renal or neurological condition, severe malnutrition, or any other clinical findings that may increase the risk of participating in the study*.

*As determined by the PI. 22. Other condition that in the opinion of the PI would jeopardize the safety or rights of a participant in the trial or would render the participant unable to comply with the protocol. 23. Documented history of non-febrile seizures or atypical (complex) febrile seizures.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Prevention

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Sequential Assignment

Masking

Double Blind

112 participants in 5 patient groups

1.8x10^6 sporozoites 2 doses
Experimental group
Description:
To be completed after safety data from Cohorts 1 and 2 are reviewed. Vaccination with 1.8x10^6 sporozoites on study weeks 3 and 11. n=8
Treatment:
Biological: PfSPZ Vaccine
2.7x10^6 sporozoites 2 doses
Experimental group
Description:
To be completed after safety data from Cohort 3 is reviewed. Vaccination with 1.8x10^6 sporozoites on study weeks 5 and 13. n=8
Treatment:
Biological: PfSPZ Vaccine
2.7x10^6 sporozoites 3 doses
Experimental group
Description:
Subjects to be assigned 1:1 to either PfSPZ vaccine (pending safety data from cohort 4) or placebo. Subjects will be administered the intervention on a 0, 8, and 16 week schedule (study days 1, 57, and 113). n=80
Treatment:
Biological: PfSPZ Vaccine
Other: Placebo
Drug: Artesunate
4.5x10^5 sporozoites 2 doses
Experimental group
Description:
Initial vaccination arm. Vaccination with 4.5x10^5 sporozoites on study weeks 1 and 9. n=8
Treatment:
Biological: PfSPZ Vaccine
9x10^5 sporozoites 2 doses
Experimental group
Description:
Initial vaccination arm. Vaccination with 9x10^5 sporozoites on study weeks 1 and 9. n=8
Treatment:
Biological: PfSPZ Vaccine

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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