Safety and Pharmacokinetic Profiles of Two Formulations of CO-1.01 in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors


Clovis Oncology

Status and phase

Phase 1


Advanced Solid Tumor


Drug: CO-1.01 Formulation B (Aqueous suspension containing 30 mg/mL of drug solubilized in purified phospholipids)
Drug: CO-1.01 Formulation A (Aqueous suspension containing 15 mg/mL of drug solubilized in purified phospholipids)

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


The purpose of this study is to compare the pharmacokinetic and safety profiles of two formulations of CO-1.01 in patients with Advanced Solid Tumors.

Full description

Gemcitabine is used alone or in combination with other chemotherapy as a treatment for several solid tumor types, including pancreatic cancer, NSCLC, and ovarian cancer. Unfortunately, many patients fail to derive benefit from this treatment. No clinical or molecular marker has been established to predict benefit from gemcitabine therapy, so patients are treated empirically until evidence of disease progression or worsening performance status. The potential for human equilibrative nucleoside transporter-1 (hENT1) expression to predict survival in gemcitabine-treated patients has been studied, and data suggest that patients with low levels of tumor cell hENT1 expression derive less benefit from gemcitabine treatment than patients with high levels of tumor cell hENT1 expression. Furthermore, the PK profiles of CO-1.01 and gemcitabine are different, and this may also favorably influence the in vivo antiproliferative effects of CO-1.01. These data support the hypothesis that patients expressing low levels of hENT1 will derive minimal benefit from gemcitabine, but will receive benefit from CO-1.01 (gemcitabine elaidate) which enters tumor cells in a hENT1-independent fashion. The formulation of CO-1.01 that is currently used in clinical studies contains 15 mg/mL of gemcitabine-5'-elaidate solubilized in purified phospholipids. Recently, Clovis Oncology developed a 30 mg/ml formulation which will be characterized in this study.


17 patients




18+ years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Diagnosis with a histologically confirmed solid tumor malignancy that is metastatic or unresectable for which there is no standard curative or palliative treatment option available and for which CO-1.01 treatment would be appropriate
  • Life expectancy of at least 3 months
  • Performance status (ECOG)0 or 1
  • Age ≥18 years
  • Adequate hematological and biological function
  • Written consent on an Institutional Review Board/Independent Ethics Committee-approved IC Form prior to any study-specific evaluation

Exclusion criteria

  • Clinically significant abnormal 12-lead ECG or QTcF>450msec (males) or >470 msec (females), PR>240 msec, or a QRS>110msec
  • Family history of long QT syndrome
  • Implantable pacemaker or implantable cardioverter defibrillator
  • Symptomatic brain metastases
  • Concomitant treatment with prohibited medications
  • Treatment with a previous regimen of CO-1.01 within 30 days or randomization
  • Treatment with any medication known to produce QT prolongation
  • Surgical procedures are not allowed ≥14 days prior to administration of CO-1.01. In all cases, the patient must be sufficiently recovered and stable
  • History of allergy to gemcitabine or eggs
  • Females who are pregnant or breastfeeding
  • Refusal to use adequate contraception for fertile patients (females and males) for 6 months after the last dose of CO-1.01
  • Presence of any serious of unstable concomitant systemic disorder incompatible with the clinical study (e.g., substance abuse, psychiatric disturbance, uncontrolled intercurrent illness including active infection, arterial thrombosis, and symptomatic pulmonary embolism)
  • Any other reason the investigator considers the patient should not participate in the study

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Crossover Assignment


None (Open label)

17 participants in 2 patient groups

CO-1.01 Formulation B
Experimental group
Drug: CO-1.01 Formulation B (Aqueous suspension containing 30 mg/mL of drug solubilized in purified phospholipids)
CO-1.01 Formulation A
Active Comparator group
Drug: CO-1.01 Formulation A (Aqueous suspension containing 15 mg/mL of drug solubilized in purified phospholipids)

Trial contacts and locations



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