Safety of an HIV Vaccine (AVX101) in HIV Uninfected Volunteers in the United States and South Africa

A

AlphaVax

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 1

Conditions

HIV Infections

Treatments

Biological: AVX101
Other: placebo

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

NETWORK
Industry
NIH

Identifiers

NCT00063778
HVTN 040

Details and patient eligibility

About

The purpose of this study is to see if different doses of an experimental HIV vaccine are safe and to study how the immune system responds to the vaccine. The vaccine will be tested in healthy, HIV uninfected volunteers. AVX101 contains only one of the many substances that HIV needs to make more copies of itself; therefore, the vaccine cannot cause HIV or AIDS.

Full description

This study was designed to evaluate the safety and immunogenicity of an alphavirus replicon HIV subtype C gag vaccine. This vaccine utilizes a propagation-defective replicon vector system derived from an attenuated strain of Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis (VEE) virus. The vaccine replicon expresses the gag gene from a South African subtype C isolate of HIV-1. This study evaluated the AVX101 vaccine in healthy, HIV uninfected volunteers in both the United States and South Africa. Participants will be randomized to receive either vaccine or placebo at study entry and again at Months 1 and 3. The study was originally designed to enroll four groups of participants in both the US and South Africa, with successive groups receiving increasing doses of the vaccine, but was later amended to enroll only two groups. Twelve US participants (US Group 1) were randomized to receive either vaccine or placebo. After a review of initial safety data from this group, 12 South African participants (SA Group 1) were randomized to receive the same vaccine dose as US Group 1 or placebo, while 12 US participants (US Group 2) were randomized to receive the next higher vaccine dose or placebo. Review of safety data from SA Group 1 and US Group 2 was used to inform the decision to begin enrollment into SA Group 2 . Participants had nine study visits over 12 months. Study visits included clinical evaluation, urine and blood tests, and HIV tests. After each injection, participants were asked to record their temperature and any symptoms each day for 7 days and report them to the clinic staff.

Enrollment

48 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 60 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Inclusion Criteria

  • HIV negative
  • Willing to receive HIV test results
  • Good general health
  • Acceptable methods of contraception for females of reproductive potential
  • Hepatitis B surface antigen negative
  • Anti-hepatitis C virus antibody (anti-HCV) negative or negative HCV PCR if anti-HCV is positive
  • Access to participating site and available for follow-up during the 12 month study

Exclusion Criteria

  • HIV vaccines or placebos in prior HIV vaccine trial
  • Measurable anti-VEE antibody
  • High risk for HIV infection according to HVTN Risk Criteria
  • Immunosuppressive medications within 168 days prior to first study vaccine administration
  • Blood products within 120 days prior to first study vaccine administration
  • Immunoglobulin within 60 days prior to first study vaccine administration
  • Live attenuated vaccines within 30 days prior to first study vaccine administration
  • Investigational research agents within 30 days prior to first study vaccine administration
  • Subunit or killed vaccines within 14 days prior to first study vaccine administration
  • Current tuberculosis prophylaxis or therapy
  • Active syphilis
  • Serious adverse reaction to vaccines. A person who had an adverse reaction to pertussis vaccine as a child is not excluded.
  • Autoimmune disease or immunodeficiency
  • Unstable asthma
  • Type 1 or Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
  • Thyroid disease requiring treatment
  • Serious angioedema within the past 3 years
  • Uncontrolled hypertension
  • Bleeding disorder
  • Malignancy unless it has been surgically removed and, in the opinion of the investigator, is not likely to recur during the study period
  • Seizure disorder requiring medication within the past 3 years
  • Asplenia
  • Mental illness that would interfere with compliance with the protocol
  • Other conditions that, in the judgement of the investigator, would interfere with the study
  • Pregnant or breast-feeding

Trial design

Primary purpose

Prevention

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Quadruple Blind

48 participants in 3 patient groups, including a placebo group

1 x 10^4 IU dose
Experimental group
Description:
Vaccine dose of 1 x 10^4 IU per injection
Treatment:
Biological: AVX101
1 x 10^5 IU dose
Experimental group
Description:
Vaccine dose of 1 x 10^5 IU per injection
Treatment:
Biological: AVX101
Placebo
Placebo Comparator group
Treatment:
Other: placebo

Trial contacts and locations

7

Loading...

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

Clinical trials

Find clinical trialsTrials by location
© Copyright 2024 Veeva Systems