Safety Study of Enoxaparin Prophylaxis in Critically Ill Adults With Severe Renal Insufficiency


Ottawa Hospital Research Institute





Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


The investigators study is the first step (a pilot study) in determining whether the manufacturer's recommended dose of a blood thinner called enoxaparin, in adults who are patients in an intensive care unit and have severely reduced kidney function (less than or equal to approximately 30% of their normal function) is safe with respect to the adverse effect of bleeding. The investigators hypothesis is that studying these patients, going forward in time, without interfering with their care, to eventually determine if this blood thinner is safe at reduced doses, is feasible.

Full description

Objectives: To determine the feasibility of conducting a single centre, open-label, prospective study to inform preparation for a prospective phase III study evaluating the efficacy & safety of enoxaparin prophylaxis in critically ill adults with creatinine clearance < 30 mL/min. Study Design: A pilot open-label, single-arm, prospective study. Patients: Critically ill adults (> 18 years) with creatinine clearance < 30 mL/min. Setting: The Ottawa Hospital Intensive Care Units Sample Size: n=30. Intervention: Study patients will receive enoxaparin 30 mg S.C. daily for VTE prophylaxis as directed by their responsible Intensivist. The investigators are not directing this clinical intervention in any manner. Primary/Feasibility Outcomes: screening and enrolment rates with a goal of recruiting at least 5 patients collectively, from both ICUs, per month. Secondary/Clinical Outcomes: Determining the accumulation of anti-Xa concentrations, if any, recording of the rates of major bleeding, VTE, and HIT during the study. Trial Duration: Anticipated 24 months. Analysis: Statistical analysis will be performed using SAS software through the Ottawa Hospital Methods Centre. Patient demographics and clinical baseline characteristics will be described. Continuous variables will be presented as mean (SD), ordinal variables as medians (IQR) and categorical variables as proportions. Cox proportional hazards analysis will be used to evaluate an association between trough anti-Xa levels and major bleeding.


30 estimated patients




18+ years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • body weight ≥ 45 kg
  • expected ICU length of stay ≥ 72 hours
  • severe renal insufficiency, defined by calculated creatinine clearance (CrCl) < 30 mL/min using the Cockcroft-Gault formula
  • All patients with severe renal insufficiency at ICU admission will be included, regardless of chronicity of renal disease. This includes patients with pre-existing dialysis dependence via intermittent hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis; patients with acute kidney injury requiring SLED (sustained low-efficiency dialysis) will also be included.

Exclusion criteria

  • neurological surgery in last 3 months
  • epidural catheter insertion within previous 12 hours
  • ICU admission > 2 weeks
  • receipt of > 2 doses of LMWH while in ICU or in hospital within 7 days prior to study enrolment
  • active bleeding; platelet count < 50 x 109/L
  • INR or aPTT > 2 times the upper limit of normal
  • need for therapeutic anticoagulation; previous adverse reaction to heparin based products
  • contraindication to blood product transfusion
  • pregnant or lactating women
  • life expectancy < 2 weeks or receiving palliative care
  • previous enrolment in current study.

Trial design

30 participants in 1 patient group

enoxaparin prophylaxis as directed by treating Intensivist

Trial contacts and locations



Central trial contact

Rakesh V Patel, M.D.; Marc Carrier, M.D.

Data sourced from

Clinical trials

Find clinical trialsTrials by location
© Copyright 2024 Veeva Systems