Serratus Anterior Plane Block Versus Erector Spinae Plane Block. for Thoracotomy in Pediatric Patients

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Cairo University (CU)

Status

Enrolling

Conditions

Anesthesia

Treatments

Procedure: Fascial plane block

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT04933877
N5098-2021

Details and patient eligibility

About

This randomized controled trial is designed to compare efficacy and safty of serratus anterior plane block versus erector spinae plane block for thoracotomy in pediatric patients.

Enrollment

100 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

1 to 10 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Inclusion Criteria

  • Age 1 to 10-year-old
  • ASA I, II, and II

Exclusion Criteria

  • Patients whose parents or legal guardians refusing to participate.
  • Preoperative mechanical ventilation.
  • Preoperative inotropic drug infusion.
  • Known or suspected coagulopathy.

Trial design

100 participants in 2 patient groups

Serratus Anterior Plan block
Active Comparator group
Description:
The SAPB was performed in the operative room (OR) after anesthesia induction using the same ultrasound machine (SonoSite) and linear ultrasound transducer 8- 12 Hz. The patient was positioned in a lateral position with the operative side up and arm flexed forward; then, a linear ultrasound transducer was placed in a sagittal plane over the mid-clavicular line of the thoracic cage. Then, moving inferior-lateral direction till the fifth rib was identified in the mid-axillary line. The following structures were recognized: the rib, pleura, teres major muscle (superior), latissimus dorsi muscle (superficial and posterior), and serratus muscles muscle (deep and inferior). Under complete sterile conditions, a 22-gauge echogenic needle was introduced in-plane with respect to the ultrasound probe targeting the plane deep to the serratus anterior muscle. Then, 0.4 ml/kg of 0.25% bupivacaine was injected with continuous ultrasound guidance.
Treatment:
Procedure: Fascial plane block
Erector spinae plane block
Active Comparator group
Description:
Patients in Group ESPB receive US erector spinae plane block by injecting 0.4ml/kg (bupivacaine 0.25%). Under strict aseptic precautions, The T3 spinous process is located by palpating and counting down from the C7 spinous process. A high-frequency 12 MHz linear ultrasound transducer is placed in a longitudinal orientation 3 cm lateral to the T3 spinous process corresponding to the T2 transverse process. Three muscles; trapezius (uppermost), rhomboids major (middle), and erector spinae (lowermost) will be identified superior to the hyperechoic transverse process.Using an in-plane approach a 22 G needle is inserted in caudal-cephalad direction until the tip is deep to erector spinae muscle. Correct needle tip location is confirmed by injecting 3 mL of normal saline and visualizing the linear LA spread (i.e., hydrodissection) in the fascial plane between the erector spinae muscle and the transverse process. Then, bupivacaine is injected, and visualizing the fascial plane.
Treatment:
Procedure: Fascial plane block

Trial contacts and locations

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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