Sildenafil to Improve Exercise Capacity in People With Thalassemia and Pulmonary Hypertension

C

Carelon Research

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 3
Phase 2

Conditions

Hypertension, Pulmonary
Thalassemia

Treatments

Drug: Sildenafil

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other
NIH

Identifiers

NCT00872170
638
U01HL065238 (U.S. NIH Grant/Contract)

Details and patient eligibility

About

Thalassemia is an inherited blood disorder that can result in mild to severe anemia. Many people with thalassemia also have pulmonary hypertension, which is high blood pressure in the arteries in the lungs. This study will evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the medication sildenafil at reducing blood pressure in the lungs of people with thalassemia and pulmonary hypertension.

Full description

Thalassemia is an inherited blood disorder in which the body makes an abnormal form of hemoglobin-the protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen. A potential complication of thalassemia is pulmonary hypertension, which is a condition characterized by abnormally high blood pressure in the arteries of the lungs. People with thalassemia who have pulmonary hypertension tend to experience more health complications, including shortness of breath and a reduced exercise capacity, than people with thalassemia who do not have pulmonary hypertension. Sildenafil is a medication that is used to treat pulmonary hypertension; however, it has not yet been studied in people with thalassemia. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of sildenafil at reducing blood pressure in the lungs of people who have thalassemia and pulmonary hypertension. Study researchers will also further compare the differences between people with thalassemia who have pulmonary hypertension and those who do not have pulmonary hypertension. This study will enroll people with thalassemia who have pulmonary hypertension and a control group of people with thalassemia who do not have pulmonary hypertension. People with thalassemia and pulmonary hypertension will attend a baseline study visit at which time they will undergo the following procedures: medical history and medical record review; physical exam; a 6-minute walk test, which will measure how far participants can walk in 6 minutes; an echocardiogram to obtain images of the heart; blood collection; and for females, a urine collection. Participants will then begin taking sildenafil three times a day for 12 weeks. At study visits at Weeks 2, 4, and 8, participants will undergo repeat baseline testing, and some participants will take part in an exhaled nitric oxide test. At Week 12, participants will also undergo lung function testing and a chest magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) procedure. Participants in the control group will attend one to three study visits at baseline, which will include the same baseline study procedures listed above, plus lung function testing, a chest MRI, a chest computed tomography (CAT) scan, and exhaled nitric oxide testing. They will not receive any medication or have any further study visits.

Enrollment

27 patients

Sex

All

Ages

7+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Inclusion Criteria for All Participants:

  • Alpha, beta, or E-beta thalassemia confirmed by hemoglobin (Hb)-electrophoresis or molecular diagnosis

Inclusion Criteria for Participants with Pulmonary Hypertension:

  • Pulmonary hypertension, defined as a tricuspid regurgitant jet (TRjet) velocity by Doppler echocardiography greater than 2.5 m/s

Inclusion Criteria for Participants without Pulmonary Hypertension:

  • Lack of pulmonary hypertension, defined as TRjet velocity by Doppler echocardiography less than 2.5 m/s

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant or breastfeeding

  • Hypersensitivity to arginine or sildenafil, based on prior use

  • Any of the following medical conditions:

    1. Severe kidney insufficiency, defined as use of hemodialysis or serum creatinine at levels greater than 2.5 mg/dL at the time of screening
    2. Cardiac disease with adjustment of cardiac medications in the 60 days before study entry
    3. Symptomatic coronary artery disease, as indicated by a history of chest pain, angina, claudication, or surgery to treat coronary artery disease in the 1 year before study entry
    4. Stroke, defined as a new focal neurological deficit lasting more than 24 hours in the 45 days before study entry
    5. New diagnosis of pulmonary embolism by ventilation-perfusion scan, angiography, or any other technique in the 90 days before study entry
    6. History of retinal detachment or retinal hemorrhage in the 180 days before study entry
    7. Use of nitrate-based vasodilators, prostacyclin (inhaled, subcutaneous, or intravenous), endothelin antagonists, or any other medication for pulmonary hypertension
    8. Acute asthma exacerbation requiring use of prednisone in the 60 days before study entry
    9. Initiation or dosage increase of calcium channel blockers in the 30 days before study entry
    10. Initiation of any other cardiac or pulmonary medication in the 90 days before study entry
  • Presence of any other condition, which in the opinion of the investigator, would make the person unsuitable for enrollment or could interfere with compliance in the study, including but not limited to alcohol or drug abuse

  • No measurable TRjet on Doppler echocardiography (i.e., presence of pulmonary hypertension cannot be confirmed or ruled out)

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Non-Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

27 participants in 2 patient groups

Intervention
Active Comparator group
Description:
Participants with thalassemia who have pulmonary hypertension will receive sildenafil for 12 weeks.
Treatment:
Drug: Sildenafil
Control
No Intervention group
Description:
Participants with thalassemia who do not have pulmonary hypertension will be part of a control group and will only be undergoing screening/baseline assessments.

Trial contacts and locations

1

Loading...

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

Clinical trials

Find clinical trialsTrials by location
© Copyright 2024 Veeva Systems