Single-tracer Multiparametric PET Imaging

University of California (UC) Davis logo

University of California (UC) Davis

Status and phase

Early Phase 1


Healthy Subjects
Cardiovascular Disease


Drug: 18F-FDG
Drug: 11C-butanol

Study type


Funder types



1R01EB033435-01 (U.S. NIH Grant/Contract)

Details and patient eligibility


The overarching goal of this project is to develop and evaluate a single-tracer multiparametric positron emission tomography (PET) imaging solution for simultaneous imaging of blood flow and glucose metabolism using 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) alone. The investigators working hypothesis is that quantitative blood flow can be extracted from dynamic 18F-FDG PET data by use of tracer kinetic modeling, in addition to glucose metabolism that 18F-FDG is conventionally used for.

Full description

Blood flow and glucose metabolism are two basic but vital physiological processes that are often dysregulated in major diseases. The phenomenon of flow-metabolism mismatch (or coupling) is of broad clinical and research significance. For example, (a) in ischemic cardiomyopathy, which affects several million people in the United States, myocardial flow-metabolism mismatch is clinically used for assessing tissue viability to select patients for surgical revascularization. Decreased blood flow but maintained glucose metabolism suggests the myocytes are still alive (while hibernating) and thus can benefit from revascularization; (b) In oncology, altered blood flow and glucose metabolism are closely related to two hallmarks of cancer - angiogenesis and increased cell metabolism. High metabolism-to-flow ratio may indicate cancer cells are resistant to therapy; (c) In the normal brain, cerebral blood flow and glucose metabolism are often coupled with each other but may become uncoupled in neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer's disease. There are critical interests and broad needs for integrated imaging of blood flow and metabolism in both clinical and research applications.


60 estimated patients




18+ years old


Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

Inclusion Criteria for all research participants:

  • Adults (age ≥ 18 years old)
  • Ability to understand and willingness to sign an informed consent form
  • Ability to adhere to the study visit schedule and other protocol requirements.
  • Willing and able to fast for at least 6 hours before and for the duration of the scan
  • No strenuous exercise for 24 hours prior to being scanned
  • Willing to lie on the scanner bed for up to 60 minutes
  • Free of active COVID-19 symptoms

Inclusion Criteria for healthy volunteers only:

• Free of history of cardiovascular, inflammatory, infections or metabolic diseases that would result in changes in normal tissue perfusion and/or metabolism.

Inclusion Criteria for patients with disease:

Patients with clinically acute or chronic conditions such as cardiovascular, cardiometabolic, or cardiopulmonary diseases, which may include but are not limited to ischemic heart disease, myocarditis, arrhythmias, heart failure, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, COVID-related sequala, diabetes, hypertension, or renal disease that would result in changes in normal tissue perfusion and/or metabolism.

Exclusion criteria

Participants are not eligible if they meet ANY of the following criteria:

  • Self-reported history of dysphoria or anxiety in closed spaces
  • Body weight >240 kg due to limitations of the scanner bed
  • Pregnant or breast-feeding (due to risks of ionizing radiation; urine pregnancy test will be administered prior to start of each PET/CT session for all participants between 18 to 60 years old who are able to get pregnant, unless documented hysterectomy or bilateral ovarian removal is available)
  • Blood glucose greater than 200 as assessed by fingerstick method before injection of 18F-FDG
  • Concurrent or prior enrollment in a separate research study involving a PET scan performed within the last 12 months for research purposes only.
  • Prisoners
  • Any condition that would prevent the understanding or rendering of informed consent.
  • Any comorbidity that, in the opinion of the investigator, could compromise protocol objectives.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Basic Science



Interventional model

Single Group Assignment


None (Open label)

60 participants in 1 patient group

Experimental: PET/CT scans
Experimental group
Each subject will undergo a dynamic 18F-FDG PET/CT scan and a dynamic 11C-butanol PET/CT scan on the EXPLORER total-body PET/CT system
Drug: 11C-butanol
Drug: 18F-FDG

Trial contacts and locations



Central trial contact

Dana Little, MS; Lynda Painting, BS

Data sourced from

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