SIR-Spheres® Microspheres Versus Transarterial Chemoembolisation in Patients With Unresectable Hepatocellular Carcinoma (SIRTACE)

S

Sirtex Medical

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 2

Conditions

Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Treatments

Device: Radioembolisation (SIR-Spheres® microspheres)
Drug: Transarterial Chemoembolisation

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Industry

Identifiers

NCT00867750
STX0306
SX-PHCC-001

Details and patient eligibility

About

This study is open to patients with primary HCC who cannot be treated by potentially curative treatment modalities, such as surgical resection, liver transplantation or percutaneous ablation. Patients that satisfy the study eligibility criteria will be randomised in a 1: 1 ratio to receive either Radioembolisation with SIR-Spheres Microspheres or the standardised Transarterial Chemoembolisation procedure. Study Objectives This study will evaluate and compare quality of life as well as safety and efficacy of RE or TACE in patients with unresectable HCC. Patients will be followed for a minimum of 12 months or until death wherever possible in the evaluation of the primary and secondary objectives of this study.

Enrollment

28 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Male or female patients, aged ≥ 18 years

  • Unequivocal diagnosis of primary HCC (confirmed by biopsy/histology or EASL criteria)

  • Tumour characteristics as follows:

    • Not more than 5 lesions
    • If single, maximal diameter ≤ 10 cm
    • If multiple, sum of maximal diameters ≤ 15 cm
    • Lesions satellite to primary tumour of less than 1 cm in maximal diameter are not included
    • At least one quantifiable lesion on hepatic MRI
  • Preserved liver function, corresponding to Child-Pugh class ≤ B-7

  • ECOG performance status ≤ 2

  • Life expectancy ≥ 12 weeks

  • Female patients of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test prior to inclusion in the trial and male and female patients must agree to use an effective contraceptive method for the duration of the trial.

  • Willing and able to provide written informed consent

Exclusion criteria

  • Patients expected to undergo surgery (resection or transplantation) within the 24-week period after randomisation.

  • Ascites, which is detectable on physical examination or clinically symptomatic (but patients having ascites discovered by imaging only should not be excluded).

  • Serum transaminases > 5 x ULN

  • Lung shunt > 20%

  • Extrahepatic disease

  • Moderate to severe portal hypertension, as evidenced by any of the following criteria (occurring in spite of using common criteria for prophylactic treatment and therapy):

    • History of variceal haemorrhage in past 2 years
    • History of hepatic encephalopathy
    • Platelets < 50.000 /ml
    • WBC < 3.000 / ml
    • Previous TIPSS procedure
  • Portal vein occlusion or hepatofugal flow.

  • Impaired liver function

    • Total serum bilirubin > 2.0 mg / dL
    • Serum albumin < 3.0 g /dl
    • creatinine > 2 mg / dL
  • Chemotherapy or other experimental therapy within preceding 4 weeks

  • Previous TAE / TACE

  • Previous radiation therapy to liver or lungs

  • Contraindications for angiography (severe peripheral vascular disease or uncorrectable bleeding diathesis)

  • Anatomical variants apparent on 99mTc-MAA scan precluding safe administration of RE

  • Any decompensated concomitant disease

  • Female patients who are pregnant, breast-feeding, or pre-menopausal and not practising efficient contraceptive method (hormonal contraceptive, intra-uterine device)

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

28 participants in 2 patient groups

RE
Experimental group
Description:
Device: Radioembolisation with yttrium-90 labelled SIR-Spheres microspheres
Treatment:
Device: Radioembolisation (SIR-Spheres® microspheres)
TACE
Active Comparator group
Description:
Transarterial Chemoembolisation with embolising agent Embospheres and chemotherapeutic agent epirubicin
Treatment:
Drug: Transarterial Chemoembolisation

Trial contacts and locations

2

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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